Table of contents:
- Before boarding
- When landing
- Emergence of seedlings
- Spring regrowth
- Before the colored buds appear
- After flowering
- Vegetation period of plants
- End of plant vegetation
Video: Flower Garden. Plants. Care. Formation. Diseases And Pests. Protection. A Photo
Strict adherence to all recommendations for growing plants is of great importance for protecting flower crops from pests and diseases. In particular, care should not be neglected. Before growing flowers, you need to familiarize yourself in detail in the relevant literature on floriculture with the requirements of plants for light, moisture, soil, fertilizers, know the timing of planting and sowing, growing conditions. The creation of optimal conditions for the cultivation of flower crops will avoid the loss of their decorative qualities.
An important role is played by the correct choice of a site in terms of sun illumination, humidity, soil composition. In the presence of acidic soils on which horsetail grows, liming should be carried out, that is, scatter lime over the soil surface at the rate of 3-4 kg per 10 m 2 and seal it by digging up the soil. This event is held 1 time in 5-7 years. If acidic soils are not limed, then an infection accumulates in them, which causes diseases such as root rot, leaf and stem spots, scab, etc.
Fertilizers must be applied to nutrient-poor soil. Plants grown on fertilized soil become more resistant to many diseases and pest damage. With a lack of nitrogen in the soil, the plants grow slowly, develop poorly, the leaves turn light green with yellowness, the general oppression also affects flowering. Lack of phosphorus manifests itself in a delay in flowering. The flowers are small, ugly. With potassium starvation, seed yield and seed germination decrease, plant resistance to pathogens of fungal diseases during growth and storage.
The quality of planting material plays an important role in protecting flowers from pests and diseases. First of all, he must be healthy. To do this, before planting, a thorough bulkhead and cleaning of the corms is carried out and their etching with a solution of potassium permanganate (15 g per 10 l of water) against scab and dry rot. The rhizomes of peonies, irises and other floral plants are cleaned of soil and rotten roots, disinfected by soaking in a solution of potassium permanganate (30-50 g per 10 l of water), copper oxychloride (40 g per 10 l of water), microelements (0.09 g 10 liters of water) for the destruction of root rot pathogens. If thrips and root onion mites are found on the planting material, the bulbs should be etched with 10% karbofos (75 g per 10 l of water) for 20-30 minutes or 20% celtan (20 g per 10 l of water).
Due to the fact that pathogens and pests, in particular stem nematode, accumulate in the soil, it is not recommended to plant plants in the same place every year. It is advisable to plant flower crops in the same place only after 4-5 years. Planting plants should be carried out in a timely manner, within the time frame specified in the recommendations. At the same time, it is necessary to observe the correct distance between the plants, weed out weeds in a timely manner, since thickened plantings are more damaged by slugs and are affected by fungal and viral diseases. In case of manifestation of root rot in the previous year, it is necessary to water the soil with copper oxychloride (40 g per 10 l of water), potassium permanganate (50 g per 10 l of water), microelements (0.09 g per 10 l of water) when planting a culture.If there is a danger of damage to bulb crops by the larvae of the spring cabbage fly, the plant should be burned with an infusion of ash (50 g per 10 l of water). To scare off adult flies, you can sprinkle the soil with mothballs mixed with sand in a 1: 1 ratio.
Emergence of seedlings
During this period, it is necessary to remove from the site and destroy unresolved and underdeveloped plants affected by fungal, viral diseases, nematodes and damaged by bells, fly larvae.
In order to avoid the manifestation of gray rot, shelters are promptly removed from the peonies. Affected shoots are cut and burned.
When signs of disease with root rot of peonies, phloxes and other crops appear, the plants and soil around the bushes are irrigated with copper oxychloride (40 g per 10 l of water).
Before the colored buds appear
In wet weather, if there is a danger of strong development of gray rot, watering or 2-3-fold spraying should be carried out after 12-14 days with one of the preparations: copper oxychloride (40 g per 10 l of water), boric acid (2 g per 10 l of water), copper-soap emulsion (25 g per 10 l of water), sodium phosphate (75 g per 10 l of water).
When the first spots appear on the leaves (the manifestation of septoria, alternaria, etc.) phlox and other flower crops, spraying with copper oxychloride (40 g per 10 l of water), sodium phosphate (75 g per 10 l of water).
The harm caused at this time by onion flies and gnawing moths on bulbous crops can be reduced by sprinkling the plants 2-3 times (after 10 days) with 10% karbofos (75 g per 10 l of water).
The rhizomes of irises infected with bacterial rot and heterospores and oz should be stripped, cleaned of rot and filled with a solution of potassium permanganate (30-50 g per 10 l of water). Carry out foliar dressing with potassium chloride (100 g per 10 l of water) and 2 times (after 12-14 days) with copper oxychloride (40 g per 10 l of water).
Vegetation period of plants
Throughout the summer, as certain pests appear in the mass and the manifestation of diseases, extermination measures should be carried out. Against fungal diseases that cause spots and plaque, spray with copper oxychloride (40 g per 10 l of water), copper-soap emulsion (20 g per 10 l of water), against powdery mildew, treat with sodium phosphate (75 g per 10 l of water). Against pests gnawing leaves and flowers, sucking (aphids, thrips), you can use 10% karbofos (75 g per 10 l of water), 10% tryphos (50-100 g per 10 l of water); ticks - 20% celtan (20 g per 10 liters of water).
Plants infected with viral diseases are immediately removed and destroyed. In wet years, they carry out a fight with slugs. The bait is laid out in the shelters, the soil is sprinkled with superphosphate (40-60 g per 1 m 2).
End of plant vegetation
To destroy a complex of pests and diseases, it is necessary to remove plant residues from the site in the fall, and dig up the soil.
Stores, containers and inventory should be disinfected with copper sulfate (500 g per 10 liters of water).
It is necessary to store the planting material at the recommended temperature and humidity. Planting material should be carefully examined before storage and only healthy ones should be selected.