The Maintenance Of The Soil In The Garden. Care. Fruit And Berry. Black Steam. Sodding. A Photo

The Maintenance Of The Soil In The Garden. Care. Fruit And Berry. Black Steam. Sodding. A Photo
The Maintenance Of The Soil In The Garden. Care. Fruit And Berry. Black Steam. Sodding. A Photo
Video: The Maintenance Of The Soil In The Garden. Care. Fruit And Berry. Black Steam. Sodding. A Photo
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In the maintenance of the garden, an important element is the soil maintenance system, which ensures a good water supply and nutrition for the fruit trees. The main thesis in this system is to increase soil fertility, create favorable conditions for the growth and development of fruit trees, and increase their productivity.

The content of the soil in the garden
The content of the soil in the garden

In areas of insufficient moisture, which include, for example, Western Kazakhstan, good results are obtained by keeping the soil in the garden under black fallow. Studies of the Aktobe State Agricultural Experimental Station have established that the maintenance of row spacing under black fallow allows not only to keep the soil clean from weeds, but also creates more optimal conditions for the growth and development of fruit trees in comparison with sodding. Black fallow contains significantly more moisture than alfalfa-planted areas. If on black fallow soil moisture in the horizon of the location of the main mass of roots -0-50 cm fluctuated within 18.5-20.2%, then in the area with alfalfa it was 13.2-13.8%, i.e. the soil was drained.

Analysis of the soil of the experimental plot, carried out by the agrochemical laboratory, showed a significant difference in the nitrogen content. On black fallow, there was more of it in comparison with the turfed area, where alfalfa absorbed nitrogen, and almost no mineralization occurred. Insufficient supply of water and nutrients (especially nitrogen) to the turfed area negatively affected the growth and development of young fruit trees.

The content of the soil in the garden
The content of the soil in the garden

© pjchmiel

Due to the better growth of trees on black fallow, fruiting began earlier. Shoot maturation was good in both cases. Similar results were obtained by V.V.Selikhov (1947, 1949), V.I. Vasiliev and L.B. Balashova (1954), L.F. Vavilina and O. P. Bankovskaya (1957) at the Ural fruit support point. Thus, the studies carried out convincingly show the superiority of black fallow over turf in young orchards.

However, given that at a young age, fruit trees do not fully use the occupied area of ​​the garden with sufficient water supply, it is most advisable to combine the alternation of black fallow with the cultivation of vegetables (early cabbage, onions, root crops), potatoes, and strawberries in the aisles. The trunks must be kept under black steam. Studies carried out at the Ural fruit support point (V.I. Vasiliev, L.B. Balashova, 1954; L.F. Vavilina, O.P.Bankovskaya, 1957) showed that the cultivation of vegetables and strawberries in the aisles of a young garden has any negative effect on the growth and development of the apple tree.

The content of the soil in the garden
The content of the soil in the garden

© Syrendell

If the aisles are kept under black steam, tillage is reduced to the following. In autumn (September), row-spacing and digging of near-trunk circles are plowed. Near the trunk of a fruit tree, plow or dig the soil to a shallower depth. When digging up the soil, the shovel must be placed with an edge to the tree trunk so as not to damage the skeletal roots. It is necessary to plow after the end of active root growth, which begins approximately in the second decade of September, but not to be late with plowing, so that before frost there is some time left for the restoration of damaged roots.

In early spring, immediately after the soil dries up, to preserve moisture, the soil is loosened in the near-trunk circles with simultaneous harrowing of row spacings. As weeds appear and after irrigation (in order to destroy the soil crust and close irrigation furrows), weeding and loosening of near-trunk circles and cultivation of row spacings are carried out. For cultivating soil in gardens, you can use both special garden tools (disc harrows, garden cutter), and general-purpose cultivators.

The content of the soil in the garden
The content of the soil in the garden

© OakleyOriginals

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