12 Secrets Of Authenticity For A Japanese Garden Corner. Photo

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12 Secrets Of Authenticity For A Japanese Garden Corner. Photo
12 Secrets Of Authenticity For A Japanese Garden Corner. Photo
Video: 12 Secrets Of Authenticity For A Japanese Garden Corner. Photo
Video: Landscaping Ideas - Japanese Style Garden, Rock Garden! 2023, February

Japanese gardens are mesmerizing at first sight. Filled with harmony, using silhouettes and textures along with zoning, they exude peace and serenity, but never boring. It is not surprising that the idyllic Japanese landscapes inspire many to create, if not the entire garden, then at least a separate zone and corner in the Japanese landscape design style. But if it is quite simple to repeat the motives, then it is not always possible to recreate the same atmosphere and the same illusion of perfection.

Japanese style garden
Japanese style garden

The difference in climatic conditions and the limited set of "authentic" plants inevitably affect the design. But in the Japanese style, the main thing is not accuracy, but mood, harmony and serenity. And it is on them that you need to be guided in creating your own corner for reflection and meditation or relaxation in the Japanese style. And professional tricks will help you get things done without much effort.

As in any narrowly focused style of landscape design, the Japanese garden has its own strict criteria for arrangement and design, which is undesirable to deviate from. A special, unique atmosphere of such a garden is created, first of all, by a limited, narrowly outlined toolkit: materials, plants, permissible combinations and silhouettes in the Japanese style are strictly specified. And typical motives, or "plots" for a garden, from simple samples are turned into design rules.

It is not easy to create even a small meditation corner while maintaining the authentic atmosphere of the Japanese style. After all, this is not a landscape design trend in which one can only imitate: “fakes”, imitations and superficial attitude are recognized immediately. Even the slightest deviations from the philosophical foundations of the Japanese garden can lead to a loss of special mood and harmony.

A particularly difficult task of creating a Japanese garden seems to be where the winters are harsh and the plants typical of Japan itself simply do not grow. But if magnolias or tropical exotic plants do not live in your garden, this does not mean that you cannot recreate a corner of Japan on your site. The main thing is to correctly approach the selection of plants according to their picturesqueness, watercolors, beauty of silhouettes and palette of colors. With materials, everything is much simpler: and beautiful objects can be created from local rocks.

This style has its own canons and secrets. Let's take a closer look at the 12 main "secrets" of the Japanese garden, which will help you avoid mistakes in decorating a corner in Japanese style on your own plot.

Japanese style garden
Japanese style garden

Secret 1. Get inspired by nature

The Japanese Garden celebrates the harmony of nature and its beauty. And in the design of the garden there are always natural landscapes. In search of inspiration for setting up a Japanese-style corner for your garden, look specifically at the natural landscapes of this distant and so beautiful country. Hilly relief, natural combinations of domed, picturesque silhouettes of shrubs and trees with water bodies, stones and moss - these are the "foundations" from which it is worth starting from in search of ideas.

The characteristic features of the Japanese style are determined by the relationship of plants, stones, water and moss. And you must use each of these elements so that the illusion of natural beauty and authenticity is created. The stones should “grow” into the ground,”the bushes should sparkle against the background of large boulders. And if you remember their symbiosis and try to repeat the motives inherent in the nature of Japan, you can never go wrong. Create miniature landscapes, inspired by the beauty of ponds and mountain landscapes, and notice the ratio of silhouettes, shapes and sizes.

Secret 2. No continuous flowering

If you want to achieve authenticity in the design of Japanese corners, then first of all forget about the most fashionable and almost mandatory principle of gardening - the flowering relay, thanks to which there is not even a day in the gardens when at least one plant has not bloomed, each of the seasons is the same beautiful and magnificent. In a Japanese garden, the opposite is true: you must emphasize the beauty of each season and its character, clearly dividing the stages of flowering and the change in the appearance of the landscape according to the season.

The main flowering season should be in the spring. Magnolias, azaleas, peonies are the main stars of a colorful garden filled with color spots. In the summer, only water lilies and rare piece accents should bloom in a Japanese garden: peace, tranquility of the green color, presented in all its diversity, affects this hot season more strongly than any abundantly flowering accents.

The second "explosion" of color, and perhaps the most unforgettable one, should be planned for the fall: when the leaves of plants with incomparable silhouettes of shrubs are repainted in bright colors, the garden will flare up with fire and crimson, and the picturesqueness inherent in it will open. But do not think that even in winter the Japanese garden can be "empty". It is with an eye on the coldest time of the year that plants with beautiful silhouettes and bizarre shapes are so strictly selected, stones are used so carefully. When the first snow sprinkles the branches, the Japanese garden will reveal its structural harmony.

Japanese style garden
Japanese style garden

Secret 3. Become a tree worshiper

The importance of woody in Japanese-style landscape design cannot be overstated. And it's not just that tree worship is part of the local religion. There is a really special attitude towards them: the usual structuring role of large accents is complemented by the function of the semantic center of even a small corner and the status of the main pride of the compositions. In such a garden, trees should look natural, just like in nature (even if this sometimes requires tireless work). Curved and bent by time and winds, picturesque and unique in silhouette, "layered" and tiered, landscape tree views are more appropriate here than shorn and strict ones.

When using woody in your design, do not forget about the plants typical of Japanese gardens, the variety of species and varieties of which will allow you to find a variety and a species suitable for any climate. In a corner decorated in Japanese style, the following are appropriate:

  • the most famous inhabitant of the Japanese garden is the pine, a symbol of growth and life, beautiful both in dwarf forms and in majestic gigantic species;
  • sakura, unique in its picturesqueness, is a Japanese decorative cherry, the flowering of which has become a symbol of Japan;
  • gorgeous and variable kings of autumn maples.

Secret 4. Colored spots of flowering shrubs

The Japanese style does not require dozens of different flowering plants. It is better to choose 1-2, but very catchy shrubs, the beauty and abundance of flowering of which everyone will speak for themselves. Of all the flowering plants that can be used in the decoration of corners and zones in the Japanese style, shrubs should always be preferred. And when choosing a specific plant, it is better to focus on spring flowering and bright color: at the peak of flowering, the shrub should turn into a solid color spot or surprise with large, unusually beautiful flowers of a huge size.

The absolute favorites for Japanese style

  • rhododendrons of all sizes and types, the beauty of which cannot be overshadowed, and are the standard of showiness among garden shrubs;
  • tree-like peonies with gigantic and strikingly watercolor flowers, in which even the stamens are especially picturesque;
  • forsythia in a trimmed form, giving the landscapes grace and naturalness, captivating with an early spring scattering of dazzling yellow star flowers;
  • blooming magnolias, which, even in tub form, are a spectacle of extraordinary beauty;
  • picturesque, with elongated silhouettes and elegant contours of the irga, which not only blooms beautifully, but also gives a shadow, without visually overloading even the smallest corner for rest;
  • picturesque Japanese pieris, in which the beauty of flowering can compete with the spectacularity of leaves;
  • evergreen cherry laurel with its spectacular green crown, beautiful and without formation;
  • hydrangeas with their very large inflorescences-caps.
Japanese style garden
Japanese style garden

If there is not enough space, full-fledged shrubs can always be replaced with dexterous vines that can easily fill a bamboo fence - for example, honeysuckle or wisteria, the flowering of which will turn into another unforgettable "touch" of the Japanese spring.

Secret 5. Don't be afraid of water

Water is as fundamental to Japanese style as plants with stones. It is simply impossible to imagine a Japanese garden without a picturesque pond, which gives the garden a special expressiveness and charm, fills the landscapes with life and emphasizes the atmosphere of peace and tranquility. Ponds, waterfalls, streams literally breathe harmony and peace, and the beauty of the water surface with water lily leaves floating on it, stone banks, densely overgrown with plants and shrubs framing the pond is impossible not to admire for hours.

Of course, if you decorate the entire plot in the spirit of a Japanese garden, then you can afford to experiment with reservoirs of any type and size. But if you equip only one Japanese corner, especially if you are just recreating a rock garden or a terrace, then water bodies seem impossible. But water is not only possible, but also must be used even in such exceptional circumstances. Mobile ponds, mini-ponds, indoor and interior fountains will bring the water element anywhere.

Moreover, it is more than easy to arrange a mobile pond, it does not require as much care and effort as a full-fledged pond. And in it you can always grow even exotic plants inaccessible in your area - for example, the lotus, the star of authentic Japanese gardens. And if you don't want to mess with the plants, just install stone wells or bowls and fill them with water (the original tsukubai - stone tanks for ritual hand washing are especially good). Water can also be imitated by clearings covered with gravel or sand: raking, which leaves waves on the surface, imitates a wavy water surface in a rock garden.

Japanese style garden
Japanese style garden

Secret 6. Moss and ground cover in the company of selected perennials

Green lawns play a very important role in the Japanese garden. But traditional lawn grasses don't belong here. They need to be replaced either with moss, or with more suitable ground covers for our conditions - Waldsteinia, Acena, which look no less impressive. In Japanese gardens, they also like to use periwinkle with its winter-green foliage. And the leaf fern and pachisandra form a truly fabulous carpet, which connects the stones with soft transitions.

With perennials for a Japanese garden, everything is not so simple. Water types of irises and cereals can be used at your discretion in the design of water bodies, so long as they do not violate the integrity of the image and balance. But as a supplement for stones, boulders, shrubs and woody perennials are used literally "piece", relying on either natural beauty, "wild" effect, or catchy foliage. Forget-me-nots, badan, hosta, fescue, primroses, Japanese irises will fit well into a corner in the Japanese style.

Japanese style garden
Japanese style garden

Secret 7. Stone magic

Imitating nature, starting from ponds and streams in the structure of the landscape, the Japanese garden suggests making stones an indispensable part of the design and landscaping. The main thing for the Japanese style is simplicity, naturalness of shapes and lines. For a corner in the spirit of the Land of the Rising Sun, only natural and untreated stone is used. Fancy, unusual stones with different colors and textures should be used along with fine decorative stone ground, coarse sand and gravel. Flat stones for step-by-step trails, river pebbles, huge boulders and a scattering of smaller stones should form the structural basis of the compositions and fill in any empty space remaining from plants. There should be at least twice as many stones in any object decorated in Japanese style as there are plants.

And remember about the symbolic content of the compositions, transforming all stone elements into something more. Large boulders are a symbol of rocks, medium stones dug into the ground are islands washed by water. A surface covered with gravel or stone chips imitates water.

Secret 8. Symbols and contrasts

To recreate the peace that reigns in Japanese gardens, the balance of the amazing play of the richness of colors and forms with the restrained coldness and detachment of the principles of arrangement, it is always and in everything to be guided by two main principles of design - the obligatory contrasts and symbolic content. In a corner decorated in Japanese style, it is appropriate to use only those decorative elements and accessories that are symbolic. And plants and stones should contrast with each other: literally every object should have its own "counterweight".

Japanese style garden
Japanese style garden

Secret 9. Floors and mats

For paving sites, decorating a terrace, creating places for tea drinking or meditation in a Japanese garden, stone or other coverings are not used. Stones and stone chips are full-fledged "participants" of landscape combinations. And for paving, they must be replaced with a practical, but contrasting in nature, wooden platform. Wooden platforms are comfortable, warm, and complement both plants and rock surprisingly well. And for a touch of authenticity, stock up on straw mats and reed mats that you can place on wooden platforms.

Secret 10. Using small architecture

No matter how carefully you choose plants, you cannot do without accents and decorative elements. The use of at least one architectural element is of the utmost importance in recreating the authentic atmosphere of a Japanese garden - and whether it will be a full-fledged functional object or an imitation, sculpture or decor, it does not matter.

It is impossible to imagine typical landscapes of Japan without stone lanterns, pagodas or teahouses, red wooden bridges thrown across the reservoir. And if in a small corner the construction of full-fledged functional objects is inappropriate, then small sculptures repeating their silhouettes, decorative walkways and pagodas will always fit into the image. The most versatile option is a stone lantern, which is appropriate for the terrace, rock garden, and pond.

Japanese style garden
Japanese style garden

Secret 11. Bamboo is good in any form

Imagining a Japanese-style design without bamboo is almost as impossible as without stones. Aggressive, but such a beautiful bamboo growing in the garden is still a dream for the inhabitants of regions with harsh winters, although winter-hardy low species are beginning to gain great popularity today. But on the other hand, bamboos growing in tubs can be used more actively, placing them not only on the terrace or rest area, but also adding to the plants planted in the soil as accents.

But bamboo will be appropriate in your corner in the Japanese style not only in a "living" form: a variety of accessories, decor and household items made of bamboo play no less a style-forming role. A bamboo ladle, a mat, a wattle or a fence, posts, wind chimes, bamboo stalks or a drain used as a support - there are many options. Be sure to include at least one bamboo element in the design of your corner - and you will immediately feel how much more expressive the stylistic content has become.

Japanese style garden
Japanese style garden

Secret 12. Constant attention

To create a harmonious corner in the Japanese style, in which harmony and atmosphere will reign, every minute in which will seem to transport you through time and space, you need to provide the plants and decoration as a whole with tireless care. Japanese style demands unremitting attention. Tying and pruning, maintaining an impeccable shape, clean lines and impeccable condition of stone dumps and ponds, removing fading flowers and dry leaves requires a lot of work. Without which all efforts will easily spoil neglect.

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