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Video: June Planting After Early Crops. What To Plant On The Vacated Beds?
May is running out. Part of the garden was empty. They took off the harvest, sown before winter, cut early green vegetables for spring fortified salads. It's June. Gardeners are divided into separate groups:
- some do not sow or plant anything else; consider let the earth rest,
- the latter begin to prepare the vacated soil for repeated crops with a short growing season.
Each of the gardeners is right in its own way.
To plant or not to plant?
If the soil at the dacha is infertile and needs increased amounts of organic matter, then it is better, having collected the harvest of May and June ripe crops, the vacated beds begin to prepare for the autumn podwinter crops or by the next year. Introduce fresh manure and embed it directly into the soil. Water several times during the summer season. Weeds provoked by abundant nutrition should be destroyed in a timely manner. In the fall, carry out full preparation for the next season.
Lovers of fresh vegetables grown in their field without chemicals, vacated beds from the harvests of winter crops and early crops, are re-circulating the same crops.
Weed-free beds are watered in full or along the furrows of future sowing or planting. For watering, nitroammofosk is applied 15-20 g per linear meter or 30-40 g per square meter. If the soils are fat or since autumn have been well fertilized with organic matter and mineral fertilizers, then it is enough to add 15 g of superphosphate. Onions are sown on feathers, salads, dill, fennel, peas. Zoned early maturing varieties are selected.
What to plant on the vacated beds?
First decade of June. It's time for kohlrabi, cauliflower, medium white cabbage. In place of the harvested onions, salads in the holes after 25 30-35 cm, 5-10 g of complete fertilizer are added under irrigation, the roots of the seedlings are dipped into the root and planted. Mulch the soil. Seedlings are shaded.
Early potatoes and medium, medium-late for use in the autumn-winter period and for seeds are planted on the vacated bed from under the mixed plantings of spicy-flavoring and early vegetable crops (dill, onions, radishes, salads).
In the first half of June, zucchini, squash, pumpkin are sown. Up to 10 g of nitroammophoska or nitrogen-phosphorus fertilizer is added to the prepared wells, water is added. After the solution has been absorbed, 2-3 seeds are deepened by 2-3 cm, the soil is slightly compacted and continuous mulching is carried out. Mulch is needed to keep the soil moist, which will prevent delicate seedlings from cutting from the sharp corners of the soil crust (especially on loose soils).
After continuous harvesting of early crops, the bed is occupied by nightshades. Until June 10-15, it is necessary to complete the planting of seedlings of peppers, eggplant, tomatoes. Nitrophoska, idol or nitrogen-phosphorus fertilizers are introduced into the prepared holes, watered with sufficient water and plants are planted literally in the fertilized slurry. This method contributes to the rapid growth of the root system and the transition to flowering. After planting, the soil must be mulched to prevent crust formation and longer moisture retention in the soil. By this time, after the first breakthrough, a large number of well-formed seedlings of a seedless tomato culture remain. They are also planted in the places of dead plants or they occupy a free area.
In the first decade, cucumbers can be safely planted on the vacated area of garden plots (without temporary shelters in the south and under spandbond in the middle lane). As 2-4 true leaves develop, sprinkle with a mixture of purchased trace elements or made from boric acid and iodine. For 10 liters of warm water, add 2 teaspoons without the top of boric acid and an incomplete coffee spoon of iodine. You can add 10-15 g of kemira or crystallin to the mixture. Having received top dressing, young plants will be able to better withstand both the high temperature and its changes during the day and night. Sometimes the run-up of temperatures ranges from + 6..8..10 * С at night to + 20..25..30 * С during the day.
During June, two summer crops of carrots and beets, including chard, can be carried out. Carrots and beets can be sown from early spring every 15-20 days. Sown in the first half of June, they will form a harvest by mid-September and can be laid for winter storage; in the second half of June - young vegetables will replenish the menu with fresh vegetables.
Thus, using repeated planting of vegetable crops on the vacated beds, it is possible to take 2-3 crops in one season. But, intensive use of the soil requires a complete replenishment of the nutrients taken out. Otherwise, the soil will gradually begin to deplete, first of all, in humic substances. With such a culture rotation in the autumn soil preparation, it is imperative to add humus, matured compost, other organic fertilizers, use green manure crops with incorporation into the soil in the fall or spring of next year.