Table of contents:
- Clinker brick as a favorite paving material
- Romantic perennials for natural charm
- Rely on watercolor and mystery
- There are never too many bulbs
- Main color should be green
- Calm and harmony in the colors of flower beds
- Harmony and naturalness can be achieved by different means
- An unexpected accent - trees on trellises
- Splendor and smooth transitions
- Accessories in any quantity
Video: 10 Basic Elements Of A Dutch Garden. Dutch Landscape Design Style. Photo
The Dutch landscape design style is rightfully called one of the most attractive and contrasting ones. The combination of strict trimmed frames with amazing naturalness of filling and pastoral details lead to the fact that Dutch gardens, even with a modest size, can boast of amazing harmony. Here thousands of details and techniques are mixed together to create a romantic and highly personalized natural garden.
The Dutch style cannot be called equal in popularity to the French, Italian or English landscape design trends. But the proliferation of amazing projects done with Dutch spontaneity and meticulousness is increasingly embracing modern gardening. The best designers in the world draw their inspiration from Dutch gardens and amateur gardeners are looking for motives for decorating their own plot. The charm of the Dutch style lies in the light, cheerful atmosphere and amazing naturalness, which does not prohibit the use of classic garden design tools that are loved all over the world where they seem to have no place.
The Dutch style is one of the subtractions of the landscape style, which uses the laws of natural compositions in the basis of arrangement and landscaping. But with one significant limitation: only “filling” is natural in a Dutch garden - decorative ensembles, flower beds, rabatki and other compositions. The basics of zoning are based on a regular style, using strict trimmed hedges and green frames. Such a symbiosis of strict form and natural beauty of compositions creates amazing contrasts, which are not so easy to fill with harmony. For this, in the Dutch style, there are special restrictions on the selection of the color palette and dominant colors, their own chosen techniques and elements. The Dutch style offers to weave a naturalness from the symbiosis of opposites, which seems to be created by nature itself.
Let's take a closer look at the ten main techniques and design elements of Dutch gardens, without which this style cannot do.
Clinker brick as a favorite paving material
Looking at colorful photos of Dutch gardens, going on a trip to this amazing Land of Tulips, you should have noticed with admiration the beauty of the contrast between a typical Dutch clinker brick house and a small pastoral garden laid out around it. But in order to recreate this unique atmosphere, it is completely unnecessary to be the owner of a house of similar architecture and character. After all, clinker bricks can be used not only in construction.
This is an excellent material for paving garden paths, arranging a recreation area or a terrace, creating curbs, stone walls, erecting fences and small fences … Even the use of clinker in mixed paving or masonry with other materials, introducing it in a small amount into the garden design will recreate the same a feeling of the typical combination of materials and plants for which the Dutch style is so famous. But what is there - even the most modest ribbon along the edge of a lawn or flower garden will achieve the necessary stylistic expressiveness.
Romantic perennials for natural charm
The unique atmosphere of the Dutch style with its natural, natural charm of lush and slightly wild multicolored decorative compositions conquers at first glance with its character and ease. It is not easy to recreate this feeling of a truly natural garden within the strict framework of clipped hedges. And to get what you want, you should bet on the right herbaceous perennials.
5 favorites of the Dutch style that can be successfully used in gardening in regions with harsh winters:
- inimitable garden geraniums with their delightful texture of squat bushes, the beauty of carved leaves and a surprisingly expressive play of color nuances that change throughout the garden season;
- the king of vertical accents delphinium with its noble charm, amazingly graceful foliage and candles of delicate inflorescences that seem to float above the compositions;
- gorgeous and beautifully contrasting with any partners, largely underestimated, but irreplaceable for a modern landscape garden, the mordovian with its not aggressive, but rather filigree beauty;
- the best in unpretentiousness and the most expressive and spectacular in their velvety edge are Byzantine silvery chiselines, capable of conquering with the beauty of the leaves much more than the beauty of the inflorescences (although the latter are in perfect harmony with the greenery);
- amazingly beautiful flowering, able to compete with any exotic, foxglove, whose rich palette of pastel colors in different varieties does not prevent it from remaining a plant with surprisingly natural, natural beauty.
By placing a bet on these five in the flower beds and mixborders of the Dutch garden, you will lay the foundation for revealing the principles of landscaping this style.
Rely on watercolor and mystery
When choosing plants that can become the best partners for soloists and excellent soil fillers, those crops that will not become the main stars of the garden, but will create the basis of any composition, first of all, pay attention to the cultures that are famous for their almost magical talents. Ferns, aquilegia, lupins - all these are ambiguous plants with a unique aura of mystery.
A catchment, capable of looking great even in the most secluded corners and decorating even boring grounds, is equally good as a plant that fills in voids, and as an interesting tool for creating non-standard transitions, and as a frame for paths. Delicate, shimmering, offering to endlessly discover the beauty of the details of the structure of flowers and captivating with its versatility, this perennial, along with ferns, has its own unique charm. And it is absolutely indispensable in the design of modern landscape gardens. Just like lupins, perennials, exemplary in their watercolor palette and unique in their ability to create picturesque panoramas, add not only natural charm, but also color improvisation to any composition.
There are never too many bulbs
Holland is the country from which the fashion for bulbous plants originated. Even today, planting material from Dutch garden centers is considered the best and absolutely irreplaceable. And if you want to give your garden a Dutch charm, you cannot do without bulbous ones.
Moreover, it would be a big mistake to limit the range of plants only to legendary tulips with hundreds of their varieties and varieties. Tulips, indeed, should be used as widely as possible in decorating a garden with Dutch motives, adding delicate spring colors to any compositions, not forgetting about potted gardens on the terrace or in the recreation area, and the possibility of decorating spots on the lawn. But the no less gentle spring favorites: meconopsis, daffodils, spring flowers, irises will reveal the romantic charm of the natural compositions of the Dutch garden even more.
If you want to fully appreciate the richness of shades of lilac and violet paints so beloved by Dutch gardeners, pay attention to the huge assortment of edible and purely decorative bows. Their floating openwork spheres and umbrellas, taking flower gardens to a new level, will not only emphasize the design style, but also give it completely new nuances.
Main color should be green
Naturalness is largely ensured by the absolute dominance of green in landscaping. And we are not talking about strict boxwood borders around the flower garden or green hedges around the perimeter of the site. In order for these typical elements of regular styles to blend well with natural lush compositions, not to argue in the garden with the filling of flower beds and flower beds, in any decorative ensemble in a Dutch garden, the stake must be placed on the correct color base.
The main color of any composition should be green. It is brought in thanks to decorative deciduous plants and the selection of such herbaceous perennials, in which beautiful greenery is no less important than spectacular flowering. Modest, but hardy and unpretentious, with natural charm, herbaceous perennials from among the partners can easily solve this problem. The formula for finding plants for decorating Dutch garden ensembles is very simple: for each lush-flowering plant, at least 2-3 plants with less striking flowering, but more beautiful leaves should be provided.
Regardless of whether we are talking about a purely decorative leafy culture or a modest herbaceous perennial, greenery should still dominate in its image. Cultures with silvery or unusual color of leaves, contrasts in the shape and size of foliage and ornamental grasses that will look as appropriate in a Dutch garden as in any other landscape landscape design will help to avoid the feeling of monotony and boredom.
Calm and harmony in the colors of flower beds
The selection of the color concept of blooming compositions is carried out taking into account the dominance of green. Flowering plants should be in perfect harmony with the base color, add delicate and soft color spots to the composition. The color scheme of the Dutch garden is always based on cool, soft, natural shades of blue, blue, purple, which are highlighted and accentuated with the help of delicate white tones and light watercolor shades of pink. Yellow-flowering plants are introduced carefully, only in order to rid the ensembles of monotony and add more expressiveness and mystery. But rich red is rather a rarity for "piece" accents.
Inspiration in the search for a palette should be sought from nature itself, trying to recreate the combinations typical of natural style in accordance with the overall harmonious design concept. Natural color transitions highlight the harmonious color palette that best reveals the beauty of the dominant green.
Harmony and naturalness can be achieved by different means
The absence in the Dutch style of strict design rules and generally accepted motives for arranging flower beds and flower beds allows everyone to look for their own strategy to achieve the goal. To recreate an easily recognizable atmosphere in such a garden, you can use classical techniques for landscape flower beds, and break any rules and canons, trying to create unique combinations of plants, which together will still be perceived as harmonious and natural.
It is not at all necessary to rely solely on perennials from among the so-called typical species for the local flora, almost wild or purely specific plants to create a Dutch garden. Indeed, both unique varieties and exotic species, atypical for a particular climate, but possessing a sufficient degree of stability to be grown far from their natural habitat, often have a natural charm. Exotics and local endemics, plants are boring and brighter, varietals and species can be mixed as your heart desires. The main thing is that the natural naturalness and general character of the composition should not be disturbed together.
An unexpected accent - trees on trellises
Dutch gardens are almost always set up on minimal plots, on a modest free area adjacent to the house. To those who become the happy guest of a garden in a typical small Dutch town, it seems more similar to a small urban garden or a plot of a townhouse, rather than a typical average suburban area for us. The small area limits the use of large trees and shrubs. But it was thanks to her that another typical feature of all Dutch gardens without exception appeared - the active use of alternative forms of growing ornamental and fruit trees.
In the Dutch garden, you can experiment a lot with the planting of columnar stone fruits, pears, grapes, blackberries, berry bushes stretched on trellises. Usually growing on trellises allows you to significantly save space by refusing to break down a typical fruit and berry garden. But no less often you can find trellis lindens and other decorative species. By placing several trellises along the border of the site or along the walls of a house or other buildings, you will also get the opportunity to increase your collection of your favorite fruit plants and try new technologies for growing your own crop. Even if you do not need to save every centimeter of soil, such plants will allow you to take a fresh look at your capabilities and habits.
Splendor and smooth transitions
In a Dutch garden, the main source of contrasts should be the original counterbalance between the strict frames of the trimmed hedges and the compositions themselves. But inside flower beds, ridges, any other decorative ensembles, regardless of their size, you must try to create as soft lines as possible. In such a garden, it is inappropriate to use the classic differences from tall soloists to lower surroundings. The height of the plants should change smoothly, at the visual peak, the compositions should not come out abruptly, but as if blurry, in the ensembles one should not emphasize the obvious dominant vertical accents.
The more varied, wild, natural and homogeneous the ensemble is, the better. Even flowering shrubs should be introduced into the design so that tall herbaceous perennials are gently brought up to them, the contrast between background crops and brighter flowering accents is soft and smooth.
Accessories in any quantity
If you are looking for a style of landscape design that would allow you to show all your skills and imagination, would not limit you in any way in your search for opportunities to create garden decorations with your own hands, then the Dutch style is for you. It was from the gardens of this country of tulips that the fashion came to us to use old garden utensils, remodel unnecessary containers, play with various household items and antiques, actively use ceramic animal figurines and other unexpected accessories and decor in garden design.
A small mill or a watering can, as if accidentally forgotten on a flower garden, in which a bright summer was planted, a frog hiding under a fern bush, a family of cheerful geese, garden gnomes, a tea set broken but given new life on a flower garden as a container for planting plants, a new life of old galvanized buckets and even the installation of ladders and stepladders, the use of old carts, feeders - in the Dutch style, everything that only makes you smile and brings joy is appropriate.
There is no need to be afraid to overdo it with accessories in such a garden. The more interesting details you can hide in lush compositions with their natural charm, the better. Especially great opportunities open up for those who love to make crafts from wood and love to create decor with their own hands from recycled materials, eco-design fans and collectors of antique household items and garden utensils.