Additional Fertilizing For Horticultural Crops. Fertilizing The Garden In Spring And Summer

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Additional Fertilizing For Horticultural Crops. Fertilizing The Garden In Spring And Summer
Additional Fertilizing For Horticultural Crops. Fertilizing The Garden In Spring And Summer

Video: Additional Fertilizing For Horticultural Crops. Fertilizing The Garden In Spring And Summer

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Video: Spring Fertilizing! 🌿💪 // Garden Answer 2023, January
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At the end of spring and early summer, there is the main load in the formation and yield of crops. Depending on the physical condition and level of soil fertility, the whole complex of fertilizers can be applied in the fall or split into autumn and spring fertilization. For crops with deep bedding of the main part of the root system, it is sufficient to apply the main fertilizer in the autumn-spring form in the form of a complex or complex fertilizer (nitrophoska, nitroammophoska, potassium nitrate, ammophos and other forms). You can independently prepare the necessary mixture of basic fertilizers and apply them to the crop.

Application of organic fertilizers for fruit trees and shrubs
Application of organic fertilizers for fruit trees and shrubs

Content:

  • The main phases of fertilizing
  • How to prepare a solution of organic fertilizers?
  • How to apply top dressing correctly?
  • Top dressing according to the phases of plant development

The main phases of fertilizing

However, often the main application of fertilizers alone is not enough for the culture to form not only a high, but also a full-fledged crop in terms of quality. To do this, additional fertilizing of plants is carried out separately with nitrogen, nitrogen-phosphorus, phosphorus-potassium and potassium fats with root application and nitrogen fats and microelements - with foliar application.

Each plant, especially those forming the harvest of fruits or berries, needs additional feeding at a certain period of time or at a certain phase. There are usually 2 such phases during the growing season for early-maturing crops, and 3-4 for late crops, not counting the autumn application when preparing the soil for the next year's harvest.

The increased need for nutrients in fruit crops and berries accounts for:

  • at the beginning of budding phase,
  • during budding or the beginning of flowering,
  • during the period of growth of ovaries, the beginning of fruiting.

In your garden diary, write down the list of crops whose periods coincide, and be sure to feed the combined crop groups during these phases (the so-called feeding day). There can be several such groups. Depending on the onset of the phase, carry out the appropriate feeding in the selected group. This will allow you to set aside feeding days and reduce the amount of time you spend treating each tree or bush on a separate day.

On depleted soils, fertile crops need to be fed annually, and on fertile soils, it is enough after 2-3 years. Foliar dressing in the form of spraying with microelements is also necessary when caring for crops. Microelements increase their resistance to disease and stimulate basic biological processes during the growing season.

How to prepare a solution of organic fertilizers?

To prepare the solution:

  • slurry: add 5-7 parts of water to 1 part of manure;
  • bird droppings or feces are diluted at the rate of 1 part of solid organic matter for 10-12 parts of water.

Usually, 10 liters of mortar are applied per 1 square meter of area.

How to apply top dressing correctly?

In arboreal crops, overgrowing roots that perform a suction function are located along the edge of the crown. To get the fertilizer to the roots you need:

  • Along the edge of the crown of a fruiting culture, dig a groove on a half-bayonet of a shovel and pour in a liquid fermented solution of organic fertilizers at the rate of 1 bucket per 2 running meters, or apply mineral fertilizers in a circle no more than 100-150 g per adult fruiting tree. For young trees, you can make 2-3 circles and apply a dose of fertilizer, calculated for the tree. If there is not enough organic fertilizers, then distribute the organic solution over 3-4 m, and inside the circle dig several holes or drill several holes (no deeper than 15 cm), sprinkle fertilizers in them (divide between all the holes), fill with water, close after absorption soil. Watering. It is necessary to increase the access of fertilizers to the lower layers (beyond the 15 cm zone) of the location of the roots.
  • You can limit yourself only to drilling or digging holes and applying solid mineral fertilizers, or pour organic solution, cover everything with soil and water. It is clear that the owner of the garden plot or dacha himself chooses the introduction options.

In shrubs, as a rule, the roots are located in the upper 15-20 cm soil layer and can be injured when digging grooves or drilling wells. To prevent this from happening, carefully remove the top layer of soil around the bush (you can use a rake), add an organic solution (less concentrated so as not to burn the roots) or scatter solid fertilizers, cover it with soil (you can mix it with a rake) and water so that the water goes to the root, and did not spread in a wide puddle around.

Organic fertilization in the garden
Organic fertilization in the garden

Top dressing according to the phases of plant development

Dissolving buds

During the budding period, which is more often in April-May, nitrogen is needed for trees and shrubs. We feed the selected groups at the onset of this phase with nitrogen fertilizers (nitrate or urea) at 75-100 g / tree, organic matter in the form of humus, a solution of bird droppings or manure. This technique will allow trees to dissolve their foliage in a shorter time and begin the photosynthetic process.

Budding, beginning of flowering

Top dressing in this phase is very important, since nutrients are used by the crop not only for the formation of the crop, but also for its quality indicators (sugars, vitamins, trace element composition, organic compounds).

Top dressing can be root, applied for irrigation in the form of dry fertilizers or solutions. Liquid top dressing is more effective because the dissolved nutrients are quickly absorbed and absorbed by the root system. During this phase, plants have an increased need for phosphorus and potassium.

The best feeding would be nitrophoska, ammophos, potassium nitrate (potassium sulfate) or phosphorus-potassium mixtures. Fertilizer doses fluctuate within 200 g / tree, depending on age, crown development and the size of the formed crop. During this period, it will not hurt to add 2-3 glasses of ash under each tree for embedding and carry out foliar dressing, the composition of which may consist of trace elements, including calcium, iron, boron, magnesium and the main ones: nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium (buy ready-made in the store).

You can prepare the solution yourself by mixing boric acid, urea and iodine, respectively, for 10 liters of water 1 dessert spoon without a slide, 2 tablespoons with a slide and 1 incomplete coffee spoon.

It is advisable to use foliar feeding under optimal concomitant conditions. Otherwise, it may be ineffective.

Of the early crops, June also includes the growth phase of the ovaries and the harvest (raspberries, currants). During this period, it is better to feed the berries with 1-2 glasses of ash, which contains a large set of trace elements. It is better not to spray on berries.

The growth of ovaries, the formation of the yield and the beginning of fruiting in fruit crops, as a rule, falls on July. During this period, crops are fed only on depleted soils with external signs of lack of nutrition. Most often, on fertile soils, the third dressing is transferred to the fall when preparing the soil for the next year's harvest, or it is carried out in 1-2 years.

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