Houseplants. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Transfer. Transfer. Flowers. A Photo

Houseplants. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Transfer. Transfer. Flowers. A Photo
Houseplants. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Transfer. Transfer. Flowers. A Photo
Anonim

When cultivating potted plants, they should be repotted periodically.

The transplant is caused by the need to increase the feeding area (increase the volume of the nutrient mixture), replace the sour old soil with fresh one, in case of disease or decay of the root system.

Transplanting indoor plants
Transplanting indoor plants

© Gardening in a Minute

Often, by the appearance of a plant, it can be determined that it needs a transplant. The first signs of this are the bulging of an earthen coma from the pot, the absence of shoot growth, yellowing of the leaves, underdevelopment of flowers, a reduction in the flowering period, the appearance of earthworms in the soil. To find out whether the plant needs a transplant, in the absence of external signs, the earthen lump is removed from the dishes and examined. To do this, it is preliminarily watered, then the pot is tipped upside down and tapped with the edge on the table or hit with the palm on the bottom. A strong entanglement of the coma with roots indicates that the plant is cramped in old dishes.

The best time to transplant is in spring (mid-February to April). Flowering specimens are transplanted only after their flowering, bulbous ones - after the leaves turn yellow. Young ornamental deciduous, woody and herbaceous plants need an annual transplant; for adult and large tub plants, it is optional. Palm trees, laurel noble, camellias are transplanted after 4-5 years. Frequent transplants adversely affect their growth.

Transplanting indoor plants
Transplanting indoor plants

© Gardening in a Minute

The size of the pot, into which they are transplanted, should be 2-4 cm larger in diameter, depending on the vigor of the plant. For plants with a poorly developed or decayed root system, the vessels are left the same size, and when trimming diseased roots, the pots can be even smaller (by 2-4 cm) in diameter.

Before planting, new pots are kept in water for 10-12 hours, and the old ones are thoroughly washed from dirt and mold, and disinfected by calcining them in the oven.

Transplanting indoor plants
Transplanting indoor plants

© Gardening in a Minute

When transplanting, a clod of earth is cleaned of small fibrous roots, cutting off the felt of small roots with a pruner. Thick roots do not touch, they are cut off only in case of decay. The cuts of the thick roots are sprinkled with coal powder. The top layer of earth from the coma is removed, from the sides with a peg it is carefully cleaned of the old earth. But you should not shake off all the old soil and completely bare the roots of the plant.

When preparing a new pot, a crock (a piece of a broken pot) is placed on the drain hole with the convex side up, then a drainage layer of coarse sand. The drainage thickness is 0.5-1 cm for small dishes and 3-5 cm for tubs. When replanting, the earth or earth mixture is used in accordance with the requirements of the culture. Pour it with a mound on the drainage, and then put the prepared plant so that the root collar is 2-3 cm below the edge of the pot. They hold the plant with one hand, and sprinkle the earth with the other, compacting it.

Transplanting indoor plants
Transplanting indoor plants

© Gardening in a Minute

Planting density affects further growth and flowering - loose planting favors better growth, and denser planting favors flowering.

When planting evergreens (palm, dracaena, ligustrum), the soil is tamped tightly. The plant is watered abundantly, sprayed and placed in a shaded place.

Transplanting indoor plants
Transplanting indoor plants

© Gardening in a Minute

Transshipment differs from transplanting in that it does not disturb the earthen lump at all. They increase only the volume of the soil and the size of the pot by 2-4 cm. When propagating by the seeds of most flowering herbaceous plants (cyclamen, hybrid gloxinia, hybrid cineraria, calceolaria, primrose, etc.), multiple transshipments are required. So, cyclamen, gloxinia are transferred 2 times, placed in pots with a diameter of 11-13 cm, hybrid cineraria during the period from sowing to flowering - 3 times.

In this process, the growth of plants does not stop, which makes it possible to obtain strong, well-developed specimens.

Transplanting indoor plants
Transplanting indoor plants

© Gardening in a Minute

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