Table of contents:
Video: The Wrinkled Rose Is An Extraordinary Beauty. Growing, Care, Varieties. Photo
The native land of the wild species of Rosa rugosa, from which the varieties of the group originated, are North China and Japan. Two forms of roses are known: the first form with white flowers, the second with dark pink or red.
Among the many elegant rose hips, the domestic decorative gardening in ancient times chose Rosa rugosa, or Rosa rugosa and its hybrids (Hybrid Rugosa group, abbreviated HRg).
It grows in the Far East, Korea and North China. Grows in groups or in thickets on sandy or sandy-pebble sea coasts, in coastal meadows. Photophilous mesophyte, microtherm, edificator of coastal rose hips. Protected in reserves.
- Description of wrinkled rose
- Wrinkled rose varieties
- Growing a wrinkled rose
- Care for wrinkled rose
Description of wrinkled rose
Sprawling shrub up to 2.5 m tall. The main species and its hybrids have large, fragrant flowers of various colors, from 6 to 12 cm in diameter. Flowers are single or 3-8 in inflorescences, simple or double, with the number of petals from 5 to 150. They bloom all summer, especially abundantly in June, often repeatedly, so you can see buds, flowers and ripe fruits on the bush. Flowering both on the shoots of the current year and on the shoots of previous years. Leaves are strongly wrinkled, with gray-green pubescence on the underside, up to 22 cm long, 5-9 leaflets. In hybrid forms, the leaves are sometimes shiny, glossy. Spines are reddish, curved downward, numerous. Fruits are large, orange-red, fleshy, up to 2.5 cm in diameter.
This species is easily recognizable by its dense, subulate, straight thorns and bristles covering the shoots, and wrinkled leaves. He is very popular among the people. After all, its lilac-red weak-minded large non-double flowers bloom all summer. And in autumn, single flowers coexist on the bush with orange onion fruits. The unpretentiousness of this dog rose, its winter hardiness and resistance to diseases, too, "do not roll on the road."
In fact, in nature and culture, there are white, pink, double, and semi-double forms of Rugosa Rose. Already at the end of the 19th - beginning of the 20th centuries. many originators of Europe (in Russia - Michurin and Regel) began to successfully use Rugosa Rose and its varieties for hybridization. The varieties of that time are still in the collection rose gardens of the world. But in the assortment of nurseries, only a few have survived.
The hybrids of Rosa rugoza, in the name of which the name Grootendorst appears, have stood the full test of time. 100 years ago, its owner F.Y. Grootendorst was a famous Dutch rose grower. And in our time his business is continued and expanded by the nursery firm "Rosbergen und Grootendorst".
Wrinkled rose varieties
F. J. Grootendorst
The firstborn of this line was bred by the Belgian De Goy in honor of his Dutch colleague. In the same 1918, the “mastermind of the rose” F.Y. Grootendorst introduced it in his breeding nursery, and later used it in breeding. The original form for the variety was Rosa rugosa rubra, which was crossed with an unknown polyanthus rose. It was she who gave the hybrid charming bouquets of flowers, which are 5-20 pcs. bloom on strong peduncles. Raspberry-red double weak-smelling flowers are much smaller than those of R. rugosa: their diameter is 3-4 cm (versus 6-12 cm).
The unprecedented success of this rose was ensured by two circumstances: the unusual carnation-like shape of the flowers and the very abundant flowering until the end of the growing season (like in polyanthus). Therefore, the variety got its second name "Nelkenrose" (German - carnation rose). The height of the bush in our conditions is 1-1.5 m (it can be easily adjusted by pruning); erect form. The leaves are dark green, shiny. In the middle lane, the plant is quite winter-hardy, only in very severe winters it freezes slightly.
Pink Grootendorst - Pink Grootendors
The pink variety of the previous variety. This is one of the most wonderful roses. Shrub 1.5 m high, pyramidal-spreading, leaves are light green, wrinkled, shiny. Delicate light pink densely double flowers, 3-4 cm in diameter, double (30-40 petals) with carved edges of petals, in inflorescences of 5-15 pcs., Even more like a bunch of carnations. They look very beautiful among light green foliage. Abundant flowering. They are planted in groups, hedges, in the form of single bushes. The variety repairs well in the fall.
Grootendorst Supreme - Grootendorst Supreme
Dark crimson sport.
White Grootendorst - White Grootendors
Pure white small-flowered terry variety with the same qualities.
There are known hybrids with other species and varieties, among them the most interesting:
- "Abelzieds" is a shrub up to 2 m high, usually of a pyramidal shape. Flowers are pale pink, cupped, 5-6 cm in diameter, semi-double, with 14-18 petals, slightly fragrant, 13-40 pcs. on the peduncle. Blooms profusely and continuously. Winter-hardy. Good for planting in groups and hedges.
- Agnes. The flowers are creamy yellow, darker towards the center, large (7-8 cm), double (40-60 petals), fragrant.
- "Georges Quin". The flowers are dark red, cupped, large, semi-double, very fragrant.
- "Konrad Ferdinand Meyer" - with strongly double, bright silvery pink, fragrant flowers, with good re-flowering.
- "Moe Hammerberg" is a bush up to 50 cm high, dense, compact. The leaves are large, wrinkled. The flowers are light purple-red, cup-shaped, 9 cm in diameter, slightly double (17 petals), fragrant, 5 pcs. in the inflorescence. Abundant flowering, remontant. Hibernates without shelter.
- "Rosere de L'3". The flowers are cherry red, large (8-10 cm), double (30-40 petals), fragrant.
- "Suv. de Philemont Cochet ". The flowers are white with a pinkish center, cupped, large (8-9 cm), very double (140 petals), very fragrant.
- "Queen of the North" - with red, double flowers, the most hardy of double roses for the north of the middle zone of the European part of Russia.
- "Hanza". The flowers are reddish-purple, large (8-10 cm), double (30-40 petals), very fragrant.
All varieties and hybrids of the wrinkled rose have very good winter hardiness and therefore hibernate without shelter.
Growing a wrinkled rose
Location: these plants are light-requiring. Preferred southern slopes or flat, sunny areas protected from the prevailing winds.
Soil: require fertile, well-moistened soil, responsive to the introduction of mineral and organic fertilizers, mulching.
Planting: planted in spring before bud break or in autumn (preferably in spring). Plants are placed at a distance of 1.5 m from each other according to the scheme 3 x 1.5 m. When creating a high hedge, the planting density in the rows is 50-100 cm, between the rows 50-70 cm; medium-high - in the rows and between them - 10-60 cm. Before planting, apply organic and mineral fertilizers: 8-10 kg of humus or peat, 10 g of superphosphate, 50 g of potassium salt (per 1 m²). They are planted to a depth of 10-15 cm. After planting, abundant watering and mulching are recommended. The aerial part is cut off, leaving no more than 1/3 of the length of the shoots.
Usage: In single plantings, small groups, on the edges. One of the advantages of the best decorative forms of the river. wrinkled - a large bush, while thorny, thick branches do not need support. Decorative hedge from the river. wrinkled will protect the site from prying eyes and unexpected guests. At the end of September, the leaves of some forms of wrinkled roses acquire a very beautiful reddish color, and the bushes become a real decoration of the autumn garden.
In late summer and autumn, branches decorate not only flowers, but also fruits. Bright red or dark orange, they stand out effectively against the background of dense green foliage. Fruit weight ranges from 7 to 10 g, diameter reaches 34 mm, length - 24 mm. From one bush, you can harvest from 2, 5 to 3, 6 kg. If the fruits are cleaned of seeds and hairs, then you can make aromatic, vitamin jam, jam, jam or compote from them. The flowers are also not only decorative, but also curative. You can brew healthy fragrant tea from dried petals, and wipe your face with infusion instead of washing your face.
Care for wrinkled rose
The first two years the plants are not fertilized, in the third spring urea is applied (15-20 g per 1 m²). After the beginning of fruiting in the fall, organic (10-15 kg) and mineral fertilizers are applied once every 3-4 years - 50-60 g of superphosphate and 20 g of potassium salt per 1 m2. The root system of 6-7-year-old plants can reach a depth of 2.5 m, due to which they tolerate short-term drought well. To prevent excessive growth of the bush in breadth due to root growth, the area where the rose grows should be fenced vertically with dug sheets of old roofing iron or other similar material.
To make the plant look beautiful, bloom well and bear fruit, it must be cut regularly. This is an unpleasant, laborious, but necessary job. Two years after planting, the bush is not cut, on the third, all weak branches lying on the ground are removed, as well as root suckers located far from the base of the bush. The rest of the shoots are cut at a height of 15-18 cm, leaving 5 well-developed annual branches. When the shoots that appear on the stumps reach a length of 70 cm, their tops are pinched (shortened by 1/5), which causes the growth of side branches, stimulates fruiting. In subsequent years, pruning the crown consists in the regular removal of unproductive 4-6-year-old branches, as well as underdeveloped and broken ones.
It should be remembered that the number of branches must be normalized. During the period of full fruiting (starting from the 6th year after planting), with regular pruning, there should be 16-20 branches in the bush, aged 1 to 4 years. In the future, 2-3 strong replacement young shoots are left annually, and the damaged and 6-year-olds are cut out.