Video: Rose Flower. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Decorative Blooming. Cuttings. Flowers. A Photo
There is probably no flower more popular than a rose. She is a constant companion of birthdays and anniversaries, weddings and school holidays, solemn performances and touching confessions. That is why many amateur flower growers are happy to turn their hobby of growing roses into their main source of income.
There are many technologies for growing roses, however, one of the simplest and most popular is cuttings. It is this method that allows you to grow your own rooted roses, which have recently become a real rarity. As a result, cuttings can be successfully bred both "for themselves" and for sale. In this case, the sale of rooted cuttings and seedlings can be carried out not only in parallel with the sale of flowers, but also separately, as an independent business that brings a very good income.
Green cuttings are best done in April-May (in the greenhouse) and in June-July (outdoors), when the buds of the mother bushes are colored. Annual semi-lignified shoots 5 - 6 mm in diameter are suitable for cuttings. The middle part of the shoot is cut into cuttings 5-9 cm long so that 2-4 buds remain on each. An oblique cut is made under the kidney itself, and the straight upper one is 5 mm above the kidney. In order to reduce moisture evaporation, the upper leaves are shortened by half, and the lower ones are removed. Next, the lower ends of the cuttings are placed in water or a solution of heteroauxin for a day (40 - 45 mg of dry matter is taken for 1 liter of water), which increases rooting and accelerates the formation of roots.
Cuttings can be rooted in boxes, greenhouses, indoors and even in pots under jars. For planting, a mixture of sand, turf and leafy soil (2: 2: 1) is prepared, with which the bottom is covered by 5 - 9 cm. A layer of coarse sand is poured on top (3 - 4 cm). Sand can be mixed with vermiculite or peat (in equal proportions). The prepared substrate is treated with a weak solution of potassium permanganate. The cuttings are planted at an angle to a depth of 1.7 - 2 cm.In this case, they should be at a distance of 3 - 6 cm from each other, and the rows - at a distance of 8 - 10 cm.
Cuttings root best when the air temperature is 22 - 25 ° C and the soil temperature is 1 - 3 degrees higher. At the same time, the air humidity should be maintained at a level of 90 - 100%, for which either a fogging installation is used, or repeated spraying of the leaves with water (about five times - in hot weather and two to three times - on cloudy days). On days 15-25, rooting takes place, after which the number of sprays should be reduced and ventilation should be increased.
"Greenhouse" cuttings are planted for growing in open ground in early summer. "Summer" cuttings are left in the greenhouse for the winter at an initial temperature of 6 - 8 ° C, and then at 18 - 20 ° C. Thus, by spring you can get fully developed plants, which are planted in open ground at the end of May.
In addition to green, lignified cuttings are also used. To do this, when pruning roses in autumn, shoots suitable for cuttings are selected, leaves are removed from them and stored in wet sand or peat until spring. Next, cuttings 10-15 cm long are cut from the shoots, while the oblique lower cut should be under the kidney, and the straight upper one - 3 - 5 mm above the kidney. Cuttings are planted in April-May so that only the upper bud remains above the soil surface. The soil is covered with a film, and as the soil dries up, watering is performed. Some cuttings take root by summer, and the rest - closer to autumn.