Thuja. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Decorative Deciduous. Coniferous Trees. Formation. Kinds. A Photo

Thuja. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Decorative Deciduous. Coniferous Trees. Formation. Kinds. A Photo
Thuja. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Decorative Deciduous. Coniferous Trees. Formation. Kinds. A Photo
Video: Thuja. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Decorative Deciduous. Coniferous Trees. Formation. Kinds. A Photo
Video: Deciduous and Coniferous Trees 2023, February
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When to talk about conifers no matter how winter. Most of them are increasingly used by landscape designers in the arrangement of personal plots. After all, this is a polymorphic plant that has more than 120 decorative forms that differ in color, shape of needles and twigs, and the nature of growth. Therefore, you can pick up a thuja with a pyramidal, narrow-columnar, spherical or egg-shaped crown, and with the help of cutting, you can give curly shapes to the plants.

One of the most popular plants is western thuja, although there are 6 types of it in total. The name of the plant comes from the Greek word thuo, which means "to sacrifice, to smoke." After all, when burning its branches, a very pleasant smell is released, reminiscent of the aromas used in sacrifice ceremonies. And all thanks to the fact that thuja leaves contain a lot of essential oils with a strong camphor smell, which are a valuable medicinal raw material for the perfume industry. By the way, in the homeland of plants, in North America, the aborigines made canoes from thuja, and medicinal teas were prepared from the bark.

Thuja
Thuja

© Athantor

This is an unpretentious frost and drought-resistant plant. It tolerates transplanting well (younger plants are better), especially in spring. Any soil is suitable for planting, it is only important that it is breathable. Thuja western is easy to cut, however, shoots should be cut by no more than a third. It grows slowly. Gas resistant, so it feels easy in large cities. On too dry soils and in the shade, the plant loses its decorative effect: the crown becomes less frequent, many cones are formed. But it can grow in partial shade, however, it feels better in sunny places.

The thuja genus belongs to the cypress family. These are trees or bushes with flat shoots and scaly needles pressed against them. The cones are small 0.8-1 cm, they ripen at the beginning of autumn, The pit for planting needs to be dug 2-3 times more than the root ball. However, when planting a container plant, it is important not to deepen or raise the root collar above the soil level, but to place it at its level. The lower shoots should never touch the ground. Trunk circles need to be mulched - with peat, bark, compost, deciduous humus, a layer up to 5 cm thick. This will protect the plant from drying out in summer and freezing in winter.

Thuja
Thuja

© Athantor

If you want to make life easier for a young plant, do not forget to water it once a week during the first month after planting. Depending on the size of the trees, you need 10 to 50 liters per seedling. In this case, it is advisable to irrigate the crowns - thuja loves spraying very much.

The western thuja is used in single and group plantings, the creation of hedges and alleys. It is important not to overload the site with thujas. Do not forget that thuja are rather tall plants, so they cannot be placed near other trees and rooms (no closer than 3 m). For group planting, the distance between plants is also maintained from 2 to 5 m. Miniature plants are planted in curbs, rock gardens, along paths. The value of the plant lies in the fact that it does not lose its decorative effect throughout the year. Florists like to use cut branches of needles.

Thuja
Thuja

© Athantor

Thuja is propagated both vegetatively and from seeds. It is desirable to use them fresh, harvested in the fall; moreover, the seeds require stratification. When stored in heat, germination is lost.

Thuja-based preparations stimulate the central and immune nervous system, and also = cardiac activity. They are known for their antiseptic, choleretic, diaphoretic, expectorant, anti-inflammatory and hemostatic effect. Decoctions and infusions from fresh branches strengthen hair.

But you need to remember that in large quantities, thuja essential oil acts as a poison. Thuja preparations are contraindicated in pregnancy, epilepsy and individual intolerance.

Thuja
Thuja

© Athantor

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