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Video: Radish - Cultivation Features, Popular Varieties. Photo
One of the earliest vitamin vegetables is an early ripening, high-yielding and unpretentious radish. A novice gardener also manages to grow a good harvest of radishes, given the peculiarities of radishes, who prefers fertile soils that are well warmed by the sun and earlier than others free of snow.
- Features of growing radish
- Popular varieties of radish
Features of growing radish
Radish is hygrophilous, but it places the highest demands on illumination. The best root vegetables are formed on a 10-12 hour day. If the day is longer, the plants are shooted, the root crop is not formed or is inedible. With a lack of moisture and in heat, the effect is the same. When grown in the shade, the root crop turns out to be tasteless.
Taking these features into account, radishes are sown either in early spring, when daylight hours are optimal, or in the second half of summer.
In the intermediate period, plantings are covered with opaque material from 8 pm to 8 am. Radish is cold-resistant, its seeds germinate at + 2..3 ° C, and the seedlings can withstand frosts down to -5 ° C.
The best predecessors are cucumbers, cabbage, potatoes. Special plots for radishes are usually not allocated; they are sown in film greenhouses in early April in front of tomatoes, peppers, cucumbers and eggplants. In open ground in the middle lane, they are sown in mid-April - early May before planting seedlings of cucumbers and late cabbage.
Radish is also used as a precocious compactor. For autumn use, radishes are sown in late July - early August. It is important not to thicken the crops, the distance between plants should not be less than 5 cm, in row spacing 20 cm.
Caring for radishes is not difficult, it consists in watering and, if necessary, sprinkling the seedlings with wood ash from a flea. If the soil is fertile, no fertilizers are applied and no top dressing is applied.
Popular varieties of radish
Radish Würzburg-59 attracts with good taste of long-lasting root crops with an average weight of 17 g. The pulp is dense, juicy, white, glassy. Recommended for outdoor cultivation. Resistant to a complex of diseases. Ripening period of root crops is 30 days. Productivity 2 kg from 1 m².
Radish Mokhovsky is valued for its early maturity (from 19 to 32 days, depending on growing conditions), excellent taste of root crops and their high keeping quality. Root crops are large (up to 45 g), the pulp is very juicy, tender, snow-white. The color of the root crop is light yellow. The variety is good for both open and protected ground. Resistant to disease. Productivity 1.3 kg from 1 m².
Sachs radish is distinguished by juicy small, bright red with a raspberry tinge root crops (10-20 g) with a sweet-spicy taste. Ripens 25-30 days after germination. The pulp is white or white-pink. The Saxons are characterized by amicable ripening of root crops and short tops. Recommended for open and protected ground. Productivity up to 1.4 kg per 1 m².
Radish Ice Icicle has a white fusiform root vegetable. A late-ripening variety for open ground and film greenhouses. Ripens 35-40 days after germination. The length of the root crop is 15 cm. The pulp is very juicy, with a medium-sharp taste.
Radish Red giant is distinguished by large (up to 80 g) elongated cylindrical root crops of high taste. The length of the root crop is 12-13 cm, the outer color is crimson-red. In addition to its high yield (up to 3.5 kg per 1 m²), the variety is valued for the possibility of long-term storage of root crops - for 3-4 months. The variety is mid-season, from germination to harvesting 35 days. Recommended for outdoor use. The variety is drought tolerant.
Radish Soffit is prized for its excellent root vegetable taste and stem resistance. An early maturing variety for open and protected ground. From germination to harvesting 24 days. The weight of root crops is up to 50 g. The pulp is white, semi-vitreous, the outer color is crimson-red. The variety is resistant to moisture loss from root crops. Productivity 1.6 kg per 1 m².