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Video: Celery. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Beneficial Features. Photo
Celery is a herb with feathery, dark green leaves. In the first year, the plant produces abundant greenery and forms a spherical root, and in the second year it blooms and bears fruit. Celery blooms from July to August with small white umbellate flowers. The ribbed two-seed is the fruit of the plant.
- Homeland of celery
- Growing conditions for celery
- Celery properties
Homeland of celery
The birthplace of celery is the Mediterranean. He was held in high esteem by the ancient Greeks, who depicted a plant on coins. Celery was considered a panacea for all diseases, and the Greeks took it in all cases. In Europe, celery began to spread from the fifteenth century. The French prepared various dishes from celery root, and the leaves and seeds served as an inexpensive seasoning. In Russia, celery became famous in the eighteenth century, where it immediately gained wide recognition as a medicine and food product.
Growing conditions for celery
Celery is grown for leaves, roots and petioles. There are three types of celery, each of which has its own purpose. Leafy celery gives excellent tender greens, the root one is a juicy root vegetable, and the petiole one gives wide plates and long petioles. Celery loves light, moisture, tolerates cold relatively well. It can tolerate frosts down to -7 degrees. Celery prefers humus-rich, neutral soils. It is best to plant celery in a place where zucchini, potatoes, cabbage, and cucumbers previously grew.
The plant is either sown or planted with seedlings. Seeds are sown in early spring, after soaking them. In order to get a large root crop, you need to constantly feed the plant, loosen the soil and water it. With the seed method of sowing, seedlings appear in 15-22 days, therefore, it is preferable to plant celery with seedlings. Leafy celery grows well in indoor and greenhouse conditions.
Celery contains a large amount of beneficial and aromatic substances. The leaves and root crops of the plant contain organic acids, minerals, phosphorus, proteins, pectins, essential oil, carotene, vitamins C, B1, B2, PP. The largest content of essential oil is found in the fruits of the plant.
Celery contains minerals that have a positive effect on the nervous and cardiovascular systems. Celery has a beneficial effect on kidney function, accelerates wound healing, improves metabolism, and improves tone. The plant has anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties. In traditional medicine recipes, celery is used as an aphrodisiac, as a diuretic, for constipation.
Root juice is used to treat kidneys, gout, urticaria, celery leaf juice helps with rheumatism, dropsy, scurvy. Celery remedies are recommended by many doctors, as it has many beneficial properties. Celery helps to remove toxins from the body, so it should be included in the diet.
In cooking, what is called "tops" and "roots" are used. Fresh herbs are added to salads, vegetable and meat dishes. Root vegetables add a special taste and aroma to soups and marinades.