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Video: The Peony Is Thin-leaved, Evading. Garden Medicinal Plants. Decorative Blooming. Care, Cultivation. Flowers. Beneficial Features. Application. Folk Medicine. Photo
Thin-leaved peony - Paeonia tenuifolia. Buttercup family - Ranunculaceae.
Popular names: azure flower, funnel (Kursk, Voronezh region), greenery (Saratov region), Voronets, red lazoric (Karachay-Cherkess Autonomous Region).
Description. Perennial herb with gnarled oblong roots. Leaves are cut twice or three times into small linear lobes. The flowers are large, regular, blood-red, the calyx is five-leafed, there are five to seven corolla petals, there are many stamens, and several pistils. The fruit is a composite leaflet of two or three fluffy folded leaflets. Height 15 - 30 cm.
© Anneli Salo
Flowering time. May.
Distribution. It is found in the southern and middle zone of the European part of the USSR.
Habitat. It grows on the steppe slopes, the slopes of the ravines and the bushes.
Applicable part. Grass (stems, leaves, flowers) and root cones.
Collection time. Grass with tubers is harvested in May, root cones - in autumn.
Chemical composition. Not studied. Root cones are known to contain cardiac glucosides. The plant is poisonous.
Application. In folk medicine of the Karachay-Cherkess Autonomous Region, water infusion of herbs in small doses is drunk for heart disease. In the folk medicine of the Caucasus, an aqueous infusion of root cones is used for anemia, coughing and for sobering up drunkards.
Green dye is obtained from the plant.
Internal use of the thin-leaved peony, as a poisonous plant, requires great care.
Method of application. 1 teaspoon of dry herb of peony thin-leaved insist '/ 2 hours in 3 cups of boiling water, drain. Take 1 tablespoon 3 times a day 10-15 minutes before meals.
© Oleksandr Vial
Peony evading - Paeonia anomala. Buttercup family - Ranun-culaceae.
Popular names: Maryina grass (Arkhangelsk region), Maryin root, heart berries.
Description. A perennial herb with a brown-brown thick, branched root. Stems are straight, unbranched, with leathery scales at the base. The leaves are alternate, divided twice or three times into narrow lanceolate lobes. The flowers are large, red or pale pink, a calyx of five sepals, five or more corolla petals, many stamens, two to five pistils with an upper ovary. Fruit is a composite leaflet (consists of several rejected leaflets). Seeds are large, black, elliptical. Height 60-100 cm.
Flowering time. May June.
Distribution. Occurs in the forest belt of the northeastern regions of the European part of Russia, in the forest belt of Siberia and in the mountain-forest regions of eastern Kazakhstan.
Habitat. It grows on the edges of coniferous, mixed and small-leaved forests, in subalpine tall-grass meadows, in fields.
Applicable part. Roots.
Collection time. Fall
Chemical composition. The roots contain essential oil (up to 1.1%), salicin glucoside, sugar (up to 10%), starch (up to 78.5%), tannin and a small amount of alkaloids. The essential oil contains peonol, methyl salicylate, benzoic and salicylic acids. The plant is highly poisonous.
© Christer Johansson
Application. Water infusion of roots increases appetite and acidity of gastric juice, improves digestion and has a calming (sedative) and analgesic effect.
Infusion of roots is used for various gastric diseases, jaundice, female diseases, epilepsy and other nervous diseases.
Internal use of the peony, as a highly poisonous plant, requires great care.
Method of application. Insist 1 teaspoon of dry roots for 1/2 hour in 3 cups of boiling water, drain. Take 1 tablespoon 3 times a day 10-15 minutes before meals.