Lilia Is An Immodest Asian. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Diseases And Pests. Types, Varieties. Photo

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Lilia Is An Immodest Asian. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Diseases And Pests. Types, Varieties. Photo
Lilia Is An Immodest Asian. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Diseases And Pests. Types, Varieties. Photo

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Asian hybrids are not only the most unpretentious among all groups of lilies, but also the most diverse in color. Among them you can find lilies for any, even the most sophisticated taste. For easier orientation among the whole variety of Asian hybrids, they are divided into variety groups.

Lily 'Pink Twinkle'
Lily 'Pink Twinkle'

Content:

  • Description and agricultural technology of Asian hybrids
  • Breeding history
  • Features of growing Asian hybrids
  • Varieties of Asian hybrids
  • Diseases and pests of Asian hybrids

Description and agricultural technology of Asian hybrids

Soils: Asian hybrids, like their parents, do not grow well on calcareous soils, preferring neutral or slightly acidic and well fertilized.

Flowering: Most varieties of Asian hybrids bloom in the open field on July 5-15. The earliest varieties bloom in the second half of June, and the latest in the second half of July.

Bulbs: Some of the varieties of this group have inherited from Tiger Lily (Lillium llium tigrinum) and Bulbiferous Lily (Lillium llium bulbiferum) the ability to form stem bulbs, with which such varieties are easily propagated. This circumstance contributed to the widespread distribution of Asian hybrids in the gardens of Russia.

Seed propagation: They propagate well by seeds, but, despite the rapid germination, their germination rate is below 70%, therefore it is necessary to sow rather thickly.

Frost hardiness: These hybrids are very hardy and unpretentious in culture.

Variety of varieties: Asian hybrids are lilies most adapted to the conditions of Central Russia. The varieties of this group have the greatest variety in color, flower structure, height and flowering time. The modern assortment of this group is very extensive, but hundreds of new varieties appear every year.

Lily 'Electric'
Lily 'Electric'

Breeding history

Asian hybrids became widespread in the 1950s, when the Mid Century hybrid group (translated as Mid Century) was developed by the American Jan de Graf. In the beginning, this group included lilies with flowers of orange or red tones. However, in 1950 the Canadian S. Peterson managed to cross the lily of David (Wilmott) with the Lily drooping (Lillium cernuum). This crossing is not inferior in importance to the appearance of Orleans hybrids, since it allowed to obtain a new color in Asian hybrids.

Dyes (anthocyanins) of the drooping lily (Lillium cernuum), having turban-shaped lilac-pink flowers, when crossed with species containing flavonoids, created in offspring with split genes and forms with lilac, pink and white flowers. This is how the White Princess variety appeared. Subsequent crosses led to the emergence of a whole group of lilies with light colors and turban-shaped flowers.

The breeding trend in this group is aimed at creating varieties with bright one-color, two-color or three-color flowers. At present, Asian hybrids with turban-shaped flowers of various colors have become fashionable, which are easy and simple to grow on almost any garden soil. Very beautiful double-flowered varieties have been developed, such as Aphrodite (pink), Sphinx (red), Fata Morgana (yellow).

Lily 'OJ'
Lily 'OJ'
Lily 'Orange Art'
Lily 'Orange Art'

Features of growing Asian hybrids

Asian hybrids can be grown in one place without transplanting for 3-4 years. For 4-5 years, the height of the peduncle, the number of buds, is noticeably reduced, which means that the bulb is depleted and weakened, and this can lead to diseases and death of the plant. The formation of many short, underdeveloped stems around the main stem indicates that the formed bulbs are tightly located, which means that it is time to dig up the nest of bulbs, carefully divide and plant in a new place. And in this place you should not grow bulbous plants for two years.

Newly acquired bulbs should be transplanted to their permanent location as soon as possible. If this is not possible, store them in a cool place at a temperature not lower than zero, wrapping them in moss, or in washed coarse sand, or in weathered peat. The lily bulb consists of fleshy scales without protective outer coverings, it does not have a dormant period, therefore it does not tolerate overdrying. If you got a dried onion, then you can restore its turgor by keeping it for several days before planting in wet sand or moss.

Damaged scales and old dried roots should be removed before planting in a permanent place. In open ground, Asian hybrids are planted in early - mid-September or in spring in late April - May. The planting depth of the bulb depends on its size, and on the mechanical composition of the soil and is equal to 15-20 cm from the bottom to the soil surface. Asian hybrids are planted in a previously prepared fertile soil with a pH of 6-6.5, consisting of loam, peat, leaf humus and well-decomposed compost, bone meal and ash.

It is permissible to apply a complete mineral fertilizer with microelements. Sand is added under the bottom and around the bulb. Lilies, like all bulbous plants, do not tolerate the introduction of fresh organic matter and an abundance of nitrogen fertilizers. The soil is cultivated to a depth of 40 cm from the surface. Lilies cannot stand moisture stagnation.

Asian hybrids are light-loving crops. Growing Asians in shade conditions is not recommended, as under these conditions the stems of the plants can bend at an angle of 45 ° C towards the light. A very important agricultural technique is mulching. The thickness of the mulch layer should be at least 5 cm. It can be pine bark, coniferous litter, straw, fallen tree leaves.

Top dressing is especially important during the period of bud formation and at the stage of their coloring. During flowering, fertilization should not be done, the abundance of nutrition leads to the rapid completion of flowering. The last top dressing with a predominance of potash fertilizers is needed to restore the bulb weakened by flowering and is carried out no later than August 15.

After flowering, wilted flowers should be removed along with the ovary, preventing the formation of seed pods. In September, when the leaves begin to turn yellow, the stem should be cut at soil level. Dry cut stems are not suitable for composting and should be burned.

Lily 'Marquee'
Lily 'Marquee'

Varieties of Asian hybrids

Asian hybrids are not only the most unpretentious among all groups of lilies, but also the most diverse in color. Among them you can find lilies for any, even the most sophisticated taste. For easier orientation among all the variety of Asian hybrids, they are divided into variety groups.

Recently, brushmark hybrids have become increasingly popular. A distinctive feature of brushmarks is the presence of a smear on each of the tepals. The shape of the stroke can be very diverse from pencil strokes to large strokes. It can be light brown, light yellow, cream, plum red, and dark purple. The color intensity of a smear is often dependent on weather conditions.

In this group, attention is drawn to the varieties Iliya (cream, orange in the center, dark spot), Vanguard (golden-orange flowers with a clear currant-red spot), Rostani (light apricot with a dark spot), Zhuravinka (red with a dark spot), Zorka Venus (light apricot, smear red). One of the best representatives of this group is the Delta variety. The lily, deep yellow with brown strokes, simply surprises with the length of flowering.

The varieties of the bicolor group are very effective, and it should be noted that this name is rather arbitrary, since usually there are more shades, the color can move from one tone to another. The varieties Asennyaya Farby (red with an orange center without a speck), Sorbet (pink with a white center), Grand Cru (dense yellow with a bright red spot at the base of the petals) have proven themselves well.

And the lilies of the Tango group with a very thickened speck in the center of the flower are simply masterpieces. A striking representative of the Tango group is the Jason variety - yellow with an incredible amount of brown specks!

Lovers of miniature plants can find interesting varieties in the small Pixie group. This group includes the smallest varieties, their height does not exceed 30–40 cm. The Butter Pixie variety (large lemon-yellow flowers with a golden base) showed itself very well in our country.

There are also terry varieties among Asian hybrids. The Fata Morgana variety grows and blooms well.

Many varieties of Asian hybrids are so good that for many years they have been just summer hits in Krasnoyarsk. No one is left indifferent by the Bars variety with huge white flowers with yellowness, a slightly greenish center and original specks. It looks especially advantageous against the background of the Blackbird - a very dark large variety with an unusual beetroot-burgundy color. Among the pink varieties, Azurra attracts attention - pale pink, slightly fading to silver with slightly wavy edges.

Gold Lode can be called one of the best yellow lilies. The inflorescence of this variety is truly unique - up to 22 flowers - replaces a whole bouquet! Of the red varieties, we can recommend Miss Alice, the color is extraordinary red, sparkling soft, the petals with a very dense structure, unusually wide, and the stem height reaches 1.5 m.Do not miss the earliest flowering lily - Aristo, very bright sandy yellow, will undoubtedly become the center of the flower compositions.

Lily 'Royal Trinity'
Lily 'Royal Trinity'
Lily 'Yellow'
Lily 'Yellow'

Diseases and pests of Asian hybrids

In cold, wet weather, lilies are very easily affected by the fungal disease botrytis. First, reddish-brown spots appear on green leaves, then the lesions expand, capturing leaves and buds. The development of this disease is influenced by factors such as sudden changes in temperature and high humidity, so a well-ventilated place for planting lilies should be chosen.

In order to prevent botrytis, it is very useful to shed lilies when the stems reach 8-10 cm with the following composition:

  • in 5 liters of hot water, 1 tbsp is diluted. spoon of copper sulfate,
  • in 5 liters of cold water, 1 tbsp is diluted. spoon of ammonia and 1 tbsp. spoon of soda ash. We mix the solutions, and the solution of copper sulfate is poured (required) into the ammonia solution. Spilling from a watering can as a preventive measure.

If Botrytis began to appear on the lilies, then you will have to spray the lilies with Bordeaux or Burgundy liquid (3 sprays per season). In case of severe damage to botrytis, we spray lilies with foundationazol or phytosporin every 2 weeks. Botrytis does not affect the bulbs, so a healthy plant can grow from it next year.

Often among the lilies there is such a disease as rot of the bottom of the bulb, fusarium. It is caused by improper plant care, lack of drainage, use of fresh manure, and long-term lack of watering. In this case, in order to save the plant, the bulbs are dug out, washed well and kept in a solution of foundationol for half an hour, it should not be kept longer: the roots may begin to die off.

Viral diseases of lilies are much more dangerous for them than fungal ones, since they cannot be cured. Moreover, lilies are susceptible to the same viruses that affect other flowers and garden plants. If among the lilies a specimen has appeared with an uncharacteristic size and color of the flower, curved stems, with strokes or spots on the petals, you need to get rid of this plant as soon as possible. Do not regret, this will save your collection.

Never plant lilies in areas where tulips or other bulbs have grown. Tulips are highly susceptible to the variegation virus. In lilies, this disease occurs most often in a latent form. And when the symptoms become visible in most plants, it will be very difficult to save the collection.

Insect pests are often carriers of viral diseases. Therefore, by periodically protecting your garden from them, you will save your plants from problems such as viruses. Well-groomed and strong plants are much less likely to be exposed to diseases and pests, and are able to independently resist many infections.

Asian hybrids are still the most unpretentious, they are grown almost everywhere, even in permafrost conditions in Alaska. In severe winters, all peduncles are cut at ground level so that they do not rise above the snow cover.

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