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Video: Lily. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Decorative Blooming. Bulbous. Garden Plants. Flowers. A Photo
Lily is a wonderful ornamental plant. The ancient Greeks attributed divine origins to lilies and considered them a symbol of hope. The oldest of the cultivated lilies is the snow-white lily, it was grown for the sake of beautiful and fragrant flowers and to obtain fragrant oil and was called the Lily of the Madonna, considering it a symbol of purity and nobility.
Many years have passed, but lily continues to attract the attention of gardeners, so every year the number of her loyal fans continues to grow. Few gardeners grow a collection of lilies, because this requires knowledge, time, and most importantly - a love of flowers.
Why do we love these divine, noble flowers? For an extraordinary, delightful aroma, for the beauty of flowers of all kinds of colors, for persistent various heights. For flowering from spring to late autumn (while choosing different varieties correctly). For the fact that the lily can be grown in any corner of our garden: in the sun, in partial shade, among the bushes, in the curb, in the flower bed, under the trees.
And what beautiful forms of flowers! Cup-shaped, bell-shaped, stellate, funnel-shaped, turban-shaped. And the color of the flower is red, white, yellow, carmine, pink, golden, lilac, tiger, orange with purple spots. All and do not list; however, there are no blue lilies yet.
The height of plants, depending on the type and variety, ranges from 40 to 150 cm, there are even more. The stems are slender, with beautiful shiny leaves. Many people think that lilies are difficult to grow. This is not entirely true. Now hybrid lilies, more frost-resistant, disease-resistant, and more decorative, have received the road.
© Recuerdos del arcoiris
Lilies are perennial herbaceous bulbous plants from the lily family with underground scaly bulbs.
When choosing a site for growing lilies, it must be borne in mind that lilies require protection from strong winds, but low areas and stagnant humid air lead to damage to plants with gray rot, so the site should not only be well protected from the winds, but also sufficiently ventilated.
Since lilies are planted for a long time (3-4 years or more), soil preparation plays an important role in growing lilies. They need loose, nutritious, permeable soil, free from weeds. Clayy, waterproof and sandy low-moisture soils are not suitable for lilies. The site on which it is planned to plant lilies should not be flooded with water, because from stagnant water and poor drainage, the bulbs can rot and die.
For digging the soil, 5 -6 kg of humus, 200 g of an organic preparation "Deoxidizer", or a half-liter can of wood ash, or 2 - 3 tbsp. tablespoons of dolomite flour, as well as 1 tbsp. spoon of urea, 2 tbsp. tablespoons of superphosphate (superphosphate and urea can be replaced with 3 tablespoons of Nitrofoska fertilizer). Digging to a depth of 35 - 40 cm.
For planting, flower growers buy bulbs or divide 3-4-year-old nests. In the first case, the bulbs are selected undamaged, intact, large, fleshy. They cannot be stored for a long time; it is better to purchase the bulbs before planting or in a few days. Or plant your own bulbs from a bush that grew in one place without transplanting for 4 - 5 years, where a whole nest of bulbs was formed, in which there may be several well-developed large bulbs. Divide these nests and plant the bulbs one at a time. This ensures the best nutrition for each bulb, enabling it to form a strong plant with good flowering. To do this, the nest is dug, the stems are cut off and the nest is broken by hand, separating the bulbs. Often, well-ripened bulbs in the nest will decay on their own.
Lilies can be planted in spring or fall. If planting is in the fall, then it is better to do this all September and until October 20.
The planting depth of the bulbs is 18-20 cm. The depth also depends on the size of the bulbs. Before landing, coarse river sand is poured into the hole up to 2 tbsp. spoons, then add 1 tbsp. spoon of organic fertilizer "Barrier" and 1 teaspoon of fertilizer "Flower". All this is mixed and the bulbs are planted. In this case, you need to spread the roots and sprinkle them with this soil mixture. Then we fill the hole with our hand, tamp it and leave it until the first cold weather. In November (in the second decade), the soil is mulched with a layer of up to 10 cm with humus or peat.
To protect the lily bulbs from mice and moles, they are planted in vessels without a bottom. The vessels are prepared from large plastic bottles, the upper part is cut off and the bottom removed, the vessel is left 20-22 cm high. Then you need to dig a hole 20 cm deep and place a vessel in it, add 2 - 3 tbsp. tablespoons of river sand, 2 tbsp. spoons of fertilizer "Barrier", 1 tbsp. spoon of fertilizer "Berry", mix all these components, level and plant one onion in a vessel. After that, the vessel is completely covered with a soil mixture of peat with humus and compacted not only in the vessel, but also around it.
Planting care is usual: weeding, watering, loosening and feeding. For the winter, areas with tubular hybrids and small bulbs are covered on frozen soil with a layer of 10-15 cm of mulching material (this is peat, humus, sawdust). In the spring, before the shoots appear, the plants are fed: 10 g of the "Bud" preparation is diluted in 10 liters of water, watered with 2 - 3 liters of solution per 1 m2. Or dilute 1 tbsp in 10 liters. spoon of liquid fertilizer "Agricola-fruit". Or in 10 liters of water, dilute 1 tbsp. spoon of the drug "Ideal", solution consumption of
2 - 3 liters per 1 m2.
After the emergence of shoots and during the budding period, they are fed: in 10 liters of water, dilute 1 tbsp. spoon of superphosphate and potassium sulfate, and add 1 tbsp. spoon of organic fertilizer "Flower". Consumption of 3 - 4 liters per 1 m2. Before flowering, lilies are treated with a fungicide: 20 g of Oxyhom is diluted in 10 liters of water and sprayed.
© Alan Cressler
Due to the fact that the supra-lily roots are located in the upper layer of the soil, its drying out and overheating adversely affect the development of plants. To avoid drying out and overheating of the supra-bulbous roots, the soil is mulched with a preparation or peat with a layer of 3-4 cm.
Watered at the root, as the moisturizing of the leaves contributes to the development of gray rot. To form larger bulbs when growing for planting material, the buds that form are removed from the plants. Lily flowers are cut early in the morning or late in the evening, and at any time in cool, cloudy weather. For the normal development of the bulb, when cutting the inflorescences, at least 1/3 of the length of the stem is left on the plant.
© Tie Guy II