Oriental Lilies. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Types And Varieties. Photo

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Oriental Lilies. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Types And Varieties. Photo
Oriental Lilies. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Types And Varieties. Photo

Video: Oriental Lilies. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Types And Varieties. Photo

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Oriental hybrids are considered, and deservedly, exceptionally beautiful lilies. However, what do they have in common? The color of the flowers is very diverse. Flower shape also cannot be a unifying feature. It is incomprehensible to the mind how lilies with tubular and turban flowers can be members of the same group. There is probably something more important than the shape and color of the flowers. These are the growing conditions.

Oriental hybrids of lilies, or Oriental hybrids (Lilium Oriental Hybrids)
Oriental hybrids of lilies, or Oriental hybrids (Lilium Oriental Hybrids)

Oriental hybrids, or Oriental hybrids, are Lily hybrids used in floriculture. Also known as Oriental Lily.

Oriental hybrids make up 10% of the world's total range of lilies used for cultivation.

The oriental lily has a large number of varieties called Lilium Oriental Hybrids. This group includes the most beautiful, exotic lilies.

Content:

  • Varieties and garden forms of oriental lilies
  • Features of oriental lilies
  • Description of oriental lily
  • Oriental lily varieties

Varieties and garden forms of oriental lilies

These hybrids occur mainly in Australia, New Zealand and the southern regions of the United States.

The instability to viruses was the reason for the curtailment of breeding work with golden and beautiful lilies in the 19th century. Reddish lilies and Japanese lilies brought in a clean, speckless color. However, they are too tender on their own, and their hybrids are no better. Only in the thirties of the XX century the hope dawned on the creation of stable winter-hardy and at the same time large-flowered lilies, outwardly similar to the golden lily. Now many previously unused species are involved in the work, for example, L. sargentiae, L. nepalense, L. alexandrae, L. nobilissimum, etc.

The most successful varieties are those with almost flat flowers, reminiscent of a golden lily. The range of traits in hybrids is often so great that flowers of this type appear even when the golden lily is not directly involved in crossing. Remaining outwardly extremely attractive, Oriental hybrids become healthy and viable. Who would have believed ten years ago that these varieties could be freely grown in the Moscow region and in colder places? Special knowledge is no longer required from flower growers, which previously only helped to nurture capricious species and varieties.

Features of oriental lilies

Remaining externally the same attractive, new varieties of Eastern hybrids have become more viable and adapted to the conditions of Central Russia. They can winter well without any shelter.

New varieties start flowering 2-3 weeks earlier than older varieties.

Oriental lily
Oriental lily

Description of oriental lily

Leaves are broadly lanceolate, with a long petiole.

Inflorescences are racemose, spreading, with flowers directed to the side or downward.

Flowers - in most varieties, large, stellate, up to 25 cm in diameter, with pronounced papillae on one third of the petals, very fragrant. Some star-flowered varieties have graceful wavy petals in the outer circle. Some varieties have turbid flowers, also with papillae and a delicate aroma.

The color of the flowers is white, pink, crimson, in some varieties - with a contrasting golden stripe in the center of the petals, inherited from hybrids with the participation of Golden Lily (Lilium auratum).

Flowering - in early varieties, begins in early August, and in late ones - from late August - early September. Old varieties must be protected from prolonged autumn rains, which occur at the peak of flowering - covered with foil or grown in greenhouses, since there is a high probability of Fusarium disease.

The type of vegetation is very long, especially in older varieties - flowering begins 120-140 days after planting the bulbs. For a full-fledged growing season, these hybrids need a long summer. In Central Russia, old varieties are covered in April and September with a nonwoven material, such as lutrasil, to protect them from unexpected frosts. New varieties bloom 2-3 weeks earlier (the period before flowering is 90-100 days), having time to normally complete the above-ground vegetation - therefore, they winter well without shelter, subject to deep planting.

Buying bulbs - Oriental lily bulbs are best bought not in late spring, when the choice is limited, but in February-March. Lilies purchased at this time are stored until planting in a frost-free basement or refrigerator, under a layer of slightly moist peat, at a temperature of + 5 … + 7 ° C.

However, containerized lilies can be bought and transplanted with a clod of earth in summer, even during flowering.

When buying Oriental hybrids for open ground, it is important to find out the varietal duration of the growing season before flowering - the new varieties have a period of 90-100 days, which is best suited for open field conditions in Central Russia. As a rule, this applies to varieties with an average flower diameter (15-17 cm).

Large-flowered varieties (up to 25 cm in diameter) have a longer growing season before flowering.

Soil - slightly acidic, fertile is required. They grow well on peaty soils filled with sand and deciduous humus. Drainage is required - in the place where the bulbs are subject to getting wet by spring waters, the lilies will not grow - since the bulbs are easily affected by Fusarium and die.

Planting site - sheltered from the wind - as many varieties are tall and with very large flowers. Oriental hybrids grow well in the front garden next to marshmallow. Group plantings among low bushes and in the light shade of fruit trees are also suitable for this group of lilies - the main condition is a deep planting that protects the bulbs of these lilies in winter.

Planting time - late flowering lilies such as Lilium speciosum, Henry Lily (Lilium henryi), Golden lily (Lilium auratum), as well as Oriental hybrids are recommended to be planted in spring, so that they have time for rooting, vegetation and flowering that will prepare these lilies for the first wintering.

Planting depth - the soil layer above an adult bulb should be at least 15 cm - this will save the bulbs from frost. In addition, Oriental hybrids are stem-root lilies, that is, lilies that form seasonal roots in the underground part of the stem.

Overwintering - old varieties should overwinter under a cover made of non-woven material, such as lutrasil, spunbond or agrotex No. 60 - they are covered before the start of severe frosts. Although, older varieties are best grown in greenhouses. Gold-streaked varieties are less hardy than pink and pure white varieties.

Oriental lilies
Oriental lilies

Oriental lily varieties

This includes varieties and garden forms obtained from golden lilies (Lilium auratum), pretty (Lilium speciosum), Japanese (Lilium japonicum) and reddish (Lilium rubellum), as well as some of their hybrids with the Henry lily.

There are four subsections depending on the shape of the flower:

with tubular flowers - "Little Fairies", "Viceroy".

with cupped flowers - "Africa" ​​('Africa'), "Dusky" ('Dusky'), hybrid group Oriental (Oriental Hybrids), Cameo hybrids (Cameo Hybrids), "Lavender Lady" ('Lavander Lady'), "Betty "('Betty')," Red Band "('Red Band')," Crimson Beauty "and other hybrids.

with wide-open flowers - these include numerous de Graf hybrids - "Imperial Gold", "Imperial Silver", "Imperial Pink"; "Jillion Wallace", "Aurora" and others.

with petals bent back - "Allegro", "Potomac", "Evening", "Enterprise" and others.

Oriental hybrids exude a spicy scent of expensive perfume!

In different varieties, the aroma can be either strong or slightly perceptible (in some new varieties)! The aroma intensifies especially in the evening - therefore, forcing plants should not be placed in bedrooms!

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