Video: Daylily Is A Flower For Those Who Have No Time. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Diseases And Pests. Photo
It is difficult to find among ornamental crops less demanding in terms of soil and climate than hemerocallis - it is more often called daylily, or krasodnev. Very winter-hardy, he is not afraid of pests and diseases. Three types of hemerocallis with small yellow and orange flowers are known in the wild flora of our country. Recently, plants have appeared that have any colors and shades, with the exception of only pure white, blue and blue. There are varieties with two or more colors, with edged petals or the so-called "eye" - a multi-colored frame in the center. The shape of the flowers is also varied - there are triangular, star-shaped, ray-shaped and orchid-like shapes.
The size of flowers in diameter is from 7 cm in miniature varieties to 20 cm in giant flowers. Plant height 60-80 cm. Forty to fifty flowers of modern daylily varieties bloom and fade gradually: thus, one bush is decorative for almost 1.5 months.
In my garden, hybrids generally start blooming in July.
Recently, varieties of tetraploid hemerocallis (that is, having 4 main sets of chromosomes in the cells of the body) have gained great popularity. Their flowers are large in comparison with ordinary varieties of diploids (2 sets of chromosomes), more intense color, more pronounced texture (structural features), and the plants themselves are much more hardy. Abroad, tetraploids are valued much higher than diploids.
I want to give some advice on the agrotechnics of hemerocallis and the simplest ways of their reproduction.
If you, a respected florist, have already shared the rhizomes of other perennials, then the reproduction of daylilies will not be new to you. A five to seven year old plant is removed from the ground, the soil is shaken off from the roots or washed off with a water jet. If you need to divide very large bushes, then after digging them, they are pre-dried in the shade for a day. Divide the bush into separate parts with your hands. Sometimes you have to resort to using a knife. Each division should have a part of the root collar with buds. The five-year-old bush can be divided into several parts.
This is done both in spring and autumn. But it is not recommended to delay the division too much - the new plant should take root before winter. In areas with colder climates, young plantings are harbored. If the roots are very long, they are shortened by 1/3. In fact, hemerocallis can be transplanted in any growing season, but not in the heat.
The soil is cultivated to a depth of 30 cm. It is advisable to fertilize poor lands with compost. If it is envisaged to grow hemerocallis for a long time in the same place, then the plants are planted according to the scheme 40 × 40 or 60 × 60 cm.First, a hole is pulled out, a tubercle of soil is poured in the middle of it, on which the roots are laid out. Then the hole is covered with soil, the plant is watered.
Although hemerocallis can be grown anywhere and in any soil, there are still some limitations. First, high groundwater is harmful to the plant. In this case, hemerocallis should be planted on high ridges. It is desirable to "lighten" very heavy soils with sand, gravel, humus soil, sandy - to enrich with compost, peat.
The soil should always be slightly damp. In climatic zones with a normal rainfall, hemerocallis is practically not watered, it is enough to simply mulch (peat, grass, sawdust, compost) to a thickness of several centimeters. However, in drought, plants need watering. This can be done rarely, but abundantly moistening the entire soil layer where the roots are located. It is advisable that water does not get on the leaves, and especially on the flower buds, as stains may appear on them. In no case should you water with cold water in hot weather.
Hemerocallis grows best in a neutral or slightly acidic environment. In poor soil desirable fertilization 2-3 complete fertilizer 50-100 g / m 2 in the period from early spring until early summer. Too much fertilizer does not increase the number of flowers, but the green mass. Newly planted hemerocallis are not fed with mineral fertilizer until they are completely rooted. Of course, the larger the bush, the more fertilization is required, but in any case, high doses of nitrogen should be avoided.
Hemerocallis is a winter-hardy perennial. True, in areas where there is little or no snow in winter, plants can freeze out if they were not covered in autumn. As a covering material, you can use dry peat, spruce branches, leaves, straw, sawdust, and a film on top.
Although hemerocallis grows well in shaded areas, it must be admitted that the more sun, the larger and brighter the flowers. It is especially required for plants with light flowers, since only in good lighting their delicate beauty is visible.
As you can see, hemerocallis, for all its decorativeness, does not require special care, so they can be fully recommended to those gardeners who can appreciate these flowers, but do not have enough time to care for them.
The material used is the author of I'm. Vasarietis, clipping from an old magazine