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3. Clivia - a profuse kaffir lily
Orange clivia, or cinnabar clivia (Clivia miniata), also known as red clivia, is one of the most spectacular abundant plants and seasonal interior decorations. Blooming clivias resemble living bouquets, the beauty of the leaves and inflorescences of which cannot but enchant. And the trump card in the form of comparative unpretentiousness only increases the popularity of this culture.
Clivia height: 40 to 70 cm
Clivia is an amazing member of the Amaryllis family, which, like most of the original bulbous plants and herbaceous perennials with abundant flowering, came to us from the tropical regions of South Africa.
Clivias are stemless herbaceous perennials with belt-shaped, dark green leaves collected in a dense, dense, very beautiful root rosette. The leaves of the clivia bend in beautiful arcs, somewhat resemble oars, they always grow in two rows in a kind of fans. This is almost the only representative of the amaryllis that lacks the usual bulb as such.
The flowering of clivia becomes more attractive and plentiful with age, the plant grows in vigor and the number of flowers on the peduncle. But even in young plants on one, fairly high and dense peduncle, from one to two dozen very spectacular flowers bloom, collected in brushes or umbrellas of inflorescences.
Reaching almost 8 cm in diameter, the orange red or pink clivia flowers with stunningly beautiful detailing offer one of the most spectacular and colorful spectacles imaginable. Divided into 6 slender, tongue-shaped petals, the clivia's corolla, combined with the lighter throat and bell-shaped flower, makes a very striking impression.
It is no coincidence that Klivia has long been ranked not only among the best exotics for decorating a modern interior, but also among the plants with the most abundant flowering and the largest inflorescences. The flowering period for all clivia lasts from March to July. At this time, it is almost impossible to take your eyes off this tropical beauty.
Despite the fact that clivia, both in appearance and in origin, is an unconditional Tropican, it compares favorably with its competitors in its comparative unpretentiousness. Klivia is easy to grow even for novice growers, for this it is enough to adhere to the general and not at all complicated requirements for the conditions of maintenance and care.
For the dormant period, which traditionally lasts in clivia from late autumn to early spring, the plant requires careful watering and a decrease in air humidity. Sufficiently plentiful, but with a small amount of moisture, procedures during the flowering period that maintain a stable average moisture content of the earthen coma and economical watering from the end of flowering until the resumption of active growth should correspond to the stage of normal plant development.
The earthen lump for clivia should not dry out in any case, even for one day, but the plant does not tolerate waterlogging and needs the most restrained watering during the dormant period. Clivia will need to increase the air humidity only when the air temperature rises above + 23 … + 24 ° С.
Spraying and wiping the leaves with a damp sponge or lightly scenting will help to cope with the heat in summer. During the rest of the year, clivia is content with average air humidity, there is no need to display it in flower display cases.
The temperature regime for this beauty should correspond to pronounced periods in development. Heat-loving clivia tolerates room temperatures well, does not react too well to heat. During the dormant period, it can be kept cool, at a temperature of about +13 degrees (below +12 degrees, the temperature for clivia should not drop in any case), and in summer the plants can be taken out into fresh air.
Clivia belongs to those Tropicans who can tolerate light shading quite well. This light-loving plant loves only diffused lighting, does not tolerate direct sunlight and can be content with light partial shade, displaying on northern windows or in places similar to them in lighting. More abundant flowering of clivia can be observed in fairly light locations. Clivia is not very fond of fluctuations in conditions, changing the place of cultivation. It is advisable not to move the plants or transfer them from place to place.
Clivia does not need to be formed, feeding for it is applied only during the period of active development and flowering with a standard frequency, using fertilizer for amaryllis or flowering indoor plants.
- Soil for clivia: for clivia, it is necessary to select high-quality, fertile and loose, clay substrates with a neutral reaction.
- Frequency of clivia transplant: once every 2-3 years or less often, after flowering, avoiding contact with the roots.
Clivia can be propagated by dividing adult plants, by separating shoots, and by seeds.
For a continuation of the list of the brightest indoor plants from the tropics, see the next page
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