Table of contents:
2. Frizee - exotic with modern lines
Vriesea or vrieziya (Vriesea) - plant showy and catchy varied and underlined art. They are one of the most hardy and attractive representatives of the Bromeliad family, which captivate with their beauty and greenery, and the bright color of the bracts, as much as their character. Blooming Frises resemble vibrant tropical birds.
Frieze height: from 30 to 50 cm
Despite the fact that all Frizei are epiphytic cultures, they are grown in room conditions mainly not as epiphytes, but as ordinary terrestrial species. The most spectacular flowering can boast of hybrid Frises, but among the species Frises (shiny, Sanders, keeled) plants are strikingly bright. The Frizei came to us from tropical forests or a transitional climate from the subtropics to the tropics, typical of South America.
Like all Bromeliads, Frizei develop in the form of bizarre leaf rosettes. In wide funnels are collected tongue-shaped, often decorated with stripes or contrasting patterns of a lighter or reddish tone, hard dense leaves. Frises at the base of the rosettes are actively producing layers (daughter plants).
From the center of the Frizee rosette, powerful peduncles rise, in which the true yellow or whitish small flowers are hidden in a dense ear of brightly colored bracts. Yellow, white, orange, purple, red or pink bracts, forming a dense scallop ("cone") or ear of inflorescence, retain their decorative effect for a long period after the flowers themselves wither and end flowering, decorating the frisee bushes for several months.
Echoing with the leaves along the lines, the inflorescences of this exotic are surprisingly modern. The flowering period of the Frizee used to traditionally fall in autumn and winter, but today a blooming beauty can be found on sale all year round, and in hybrids, the flowering time is specially changed so that you can choose plants with excellent flowering periods to decorate the interior in different seasons.
Even the best modern hybrid varieties cannot be called an easy-to-grow Frizee culture. These plants will need really careful care, but special attention should be paid to the selection of growing conditions.
In order to grow Frizee in soil, rather than as an epiphyte, the plant must be provided with a stable but light substrate moisture. All Frizees need moderate watering, which can be completely replaced by spraying during the entire period when the plant does not bloom. In winter, watering Frises is carried out very carefully, reducing soil moisture.
But it is much more difficult to choose not the correct irrigation schedule, but to provide the Frisians with increased air humidity. The minimum values for this plant are 60-70%. It is possible to increase air humidity by spraying only when there are no inflorescences on the plant.
The growing temperature for the Frizee should also be as stable as possible. The culture is able to put up with a short-term, short-term drop in air temperature, but the minimum value for a plant is still limited to 13-14 degrees Celsius.
The optimum temperature for a frisee is from +18 to + 21 ° С, and the more stable the temperature, the better. Only after plant transplantation or during reproduction are warmer conditions encouraged to stimulate accelerated rooting. Frizei does not tolerate drafts and sudden temperature fluctuations.
Frizee is a plant that is unpretentious to lighting, which does not tolerate direct sunlight and, in too brightly lit places, loses the variegated color of leaves characteristic of varieties. Frizee is most comfortable on the eastern and western windowsills; for a brighter flowering, it is necessary to provide a place with diffused, but sufficiently intense lighting.
Frizei are fed only from the moment of active growth to the beginning of flowering. From the time of flowering, feeding is stopped and resumed only at the beginning of the next cycle. After flowering, dead sockets must be removed, they will be replaced by daughter plants formed in large numbers.
- Soil for frisees: only special substrates for orchids or bromeliads with a fairly coarse structure.
- Frizee transplant: in March, but not annually, but as needed.
This plant can be propagated with the help of lateral offspring (daughter rosettes) during transplantation or by seeds.
For a continuation of the list of the brightest indoor plants from the tropics, see the next page
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