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Video: Red Viburnum. Buldenezh. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Decorative Types And Varieties. Garden Plants. Ornamental Deciduous, Flowering. Fruit And Berry. A Photo
The autumn forest abounds with every fragrant and tasty berry, while the sun is generously warming and the days are clear, and the first harbinger of winter is blowing - the cold north wind, the morning frost will silver the drooping herbs, and you will not find a forest delicacy everywhere. Only somewhere at the edge of the forest will a bright viburnum with heavy clusters of berries attract attention. Neither people nor numerous forest animals pass by it. Even the birds, interrupting their flight, will certainly bite the ripe berries to their heart's content.
© Alexander Klink
Viburnum is beautiful even at the time of spring flowering, festively decorated with pale green leaves and greenish-cream flower umbrellas. But in the spring she has many flowering rival plants, by the fall, their number will decrease.
For a long time, people have seen in viburnum a symbol of girlish beauty and charm. The great Ukrainian poet Taras Grigorievich Shevchenko sang it with love. People do not forget her in song and oral creativity: soulful songs are sung about Kalina, on the fabulous Kalinov bridge the brave hero defeated the terrible nine-headed snake.
Nature generously scattered the relatives of the viburnum almost all over the world. Aromatic viburnum grows in Japan and the Philippines, naked viburnum - in South America, tough viburnum - in the Canary Islands, laurel viburnum, pubescent and others - in North America. Our native is a common viburnum, and in the forests of the former Soviet Union there are seven species of wild viburnum. About 50 of its species and forms are grown artificially in our country. It is famous for its very decorative viburnum with globular, like snowballs, inflorescences, known to gardeners under the name of a bulldog-snow globe. Forms with a golden-yellow color of fruits, with a white-variegated leaf and a compact dense dwarf crown are peculiar.
© Stefano Bolognini
More recently, in the Baltic States and Ukraine, they began to breed another distant guest - Karls' viburnum. This wonderful plant was found by botanists on the Korean Peninsula and, as it turned out later, it is not found anywhere else in the wild. Kalina Karlsa has delicate pale pink flowers, collected in large corymbose inflorescences. Every spring for 20-25 days they delight the eye with their delicate color and attract with a delicate aroma. Karls' viburnum is also smart in the autumn, when its leaves turn orange-red.
The common viburnum looks like large spreading bushes, loves low humid places and has long been grown in gardens and vegetable gardens.
© Wouter Hagens
Viburnum harvests are abundant and annual. The fruits are juicy, beautiful, and you just want to put it in your mouth. But if you try, you will probably be a little happy - too sour, bitter, and even smelling like valerian and ether. No wonder, apparently, it was invented: "The viburnum praised herself for being good with honey." And although skeptics assured that "there is no raspberry viburnum", nevertheless with the first frost its taste changes for the better: bitterness disappears and acidity is replaced by sweetness. True, a skilful hostess can, without waiting for frost, prepare from viburnum berries, if not jelly, then jam, marmalade or marshmallow, and certainly viburnum pies. People willingly ate viburnum berries thousands of years before they learned that tannins, sugar and vitamin C were absorbed in this process. Ancient folk medicine transferred to the modern pharmacopoeia, in addition to medicinal berries, bark, an aqueous decoction of dried flowers and leaves of viburnum.
Every year more and more in young forests and gardens viburnum, modest and beautiful shrub.