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Video: 7 Types Of Salad For Your Garden. The Best Varieties. Sowing, Cultivation And Care. Description, Photo - Page 3 Of 8
2. Cabbage and half-cabbage salads
All salads that develop not just in the form of rosettes of leaves, but forming heads of various densities are usually called cabbage ones (sometimes looser, thinner salads of this group are considered half-cabbage ones, but there is no significant difference between them). Head salads are characterized by buttery-crispy greens. Despite the high density of the leaves, they are just as delicate in taste as leafy salads.
The use of cabbage salads in cooking
Cabbage salads are used only fresh, torn gently with your hands. They are used in the same way as leafy ones in appetizers and salads, they go well with other herbs and vegetables, go well with meat and meat delicacies.
Sowing dates for cabbage salads
To obtain a harvest at least no later than June, it is necessary to grow such salads in a seedling way, because before the moment of possible planting in the soil in the middle lane, the age of young plants should already reach 30-35 days. The first crops when grown through the seedling method are carried out at the beginning of March, further lots are sown depending on the desired harvest time, given that it will take about a month after planting in the soil and, accordingly, a month at the seedling stage.
In open ground, lettuce seeds are sown before winter (covering with leaves or other mulch), in early spring or early summer. For early varieties, planting is recommended from early April to May, late - from late April to mid-July.
Salads can be sown in greenhouses from March, but this method can only be grown under cool conditions no higher than 18 degrees.
The necessary conditions
For head salads, light and very fertile loams and sandy loams are needed. They form large heads of cabbage only in bright light. They prefer coolness, temperatures up to 20 ° C.
Sowing cabbage salads in the soil
Before sowing, the soil in the garden must be thoroughly watered. Seeds are scattered in rows to a depth of 2 cm, sparsely. After the appearance of a full-fledged leaf, the plants are thinned out at a distance of 10 cm, after 4 leaves - by 25-30 cm.
Growing head salads through seedlings
Seeds of head lettuce are sown in small pots of several pieces. When the plants grow up and release the first leaf, the strongest specimen is left, and the rest are pulled out. You can also grow with a classic dive with dense sowing, but the less damage to the earthen ball, the better. Seedlings are grown, trying to maintain the coolest temperature and stable light soil moisture.
It is possible to transfer seedlings to the ground as soon as the plants reach an age of 25 days and release 4-5 true leaves, from April. Planting distance is 20 cm for early varieties and 25-30 cm for middle and late varieties. It is very important to monitor the root collar, which should not be buried in the soil. For early planting, it is better to at least cover the seedlings with non-woven material. For lettuce, it is better to use mulching or plant seedlings on agrofibre.
The specifics of caring for head salads
Head salads need, first of all, regular watering to maintain a constant light soil moisture. It is very important to irrigate not at the root, but between the plants, not to soak the greens and prevent waterlogging. Top dressing for head lettuces growing on not very nutritious soil, which has not been added or before planting, fertilizer is carried out exactly 2-3 weeks after transferring the seedlings to the soil or thinning. During the period of growing lettuce, it is necessary to carry out at least two weeding with loosening of the soil.
Harvesting and storage
Cabbage salads are harvested based on the degree of maturity and characteristics of the variety: the heads of cabbage must be formed, at least 8 cm in diameter. The heads of cabbage are cut with a sharp knife, with a stump about 1 cm long and without removing the stuck leaves (except for yellowed ones).
Cabbage salads are stored for up to 1.5 months only in the cold (the closer to 0 ° C, the better), and even then only if mature, large heads of cabbage are harvested. The usual shelf life is 3-4 weeks maximum in the refrigerator.
The best varieties of cabbage salads:
- "Berlin Yellow", early, maturing in 55 days, tender and buttery salad with closed rounded leather;
- "Azart", medium, with a loose head of cabbage, ripening in 60 days and stands out for its delicate crispness and large bright leaves;
- "Khrustalny" is a mid-season variety with scalloped green leaves in loose, rounded heads of cabbage and with increased crispness;
- "Kucheryavets Odessa" with a dense rosette of pale leaves and a neutral taste;
- "Kucheryavets Gribovskiy", a medium variety with loose heads of cabbage with bubbly bright leaves with a pinkish edge;
- "Kudryash" is a flaky semi-cabbage variety with very delicate greens;
- Godard is an early variety with a classic taste and very juicy leaves.
It is worth paying attention to the special types of head lettuce - endive and its relatives. It is a bitter salad with curly cut leaves in a vertical rosette. Its kind of escorial stands out for its regular wide leaves, and the legendary frieze is carved and curly.
All of them are thermophilic, germinate at temperatures above 17 ° C, for early harvests they are grown through seedlings. Escorial loves fertile, loose and neutral soils and bleaching (binding leaves in a dense, raised bunch 2-3 weeks before the planned harvest). Frize is best grown in shade, because only with poor lighting they produce intibin and other substances important for the characteristics.
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