Banya Broom. Properties, Use, Application. Preparation Of Brooms. A Photo

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Banya Broom. Properties, Use, Application. Preparation Of Brooms. A Photo
Banya Broom. Properties, Use, Application. Preparation Of Brooms. A Photo

Video: Banya Broom. Properties, Use, Application. Preparation Of Brooms. A Photo

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Video: Crazy Russian Spa Experience | Traditional Banya in Novgorod 2023, February

This information will be useful to regulars of summer cottages. I want to tell you about brooms. After all, a broom is not only a kind of massager that enhances blood circulation in the skin, subcutaneous tissue, muscles, joints. Leaves also secrete essential oils, which, getting on the skin, improve metabolism, prevent premature aging. No wonder they say: "On which day you take a steam bath, on that day you do not grow old." But brooms are different, and each of them has its own effect.

Banya broom
Banya broom


  • Raw materials for bath brooms
  • Harvesting brooms
  • Broom massage

Raw materials for bath brooms

Birch - helps with pain and aches in muscles, joints, cleans well the skin from various rashes, accelerates the healing of wounds and abrasions, improves mood. Also, in birch steam there is an active expansion of the bronchi, and after such a bath it is especially easy to breathe. Therefore, for asthmatics, ex-smokers who have started breathing exercises, a birch broom is simply irreplaceable.

An oak broom is good for people with oily skin. It makes it matte and firm, and has an anti-inflammatory effect. The scent of oak prevents an excessive increase in pressure in a person in a steam room. Oak steam also soothes the nervous system after exercise.

Linden broom helps to get rid of headaches, conducts gentle "gymnastics" for the kidneys, accelerates sweating, has a calming, bronchodilating, antipyretic effect. It is especially useful for colds.

Fir - used in winter in Siberia. And juniper - in Central Asia. Resinous substances secreted by coniferous branches stimulate metabolic processes deep in muscles and even in internal organs. Such brooms are good for the so-called fragmented massage: for pain in the spine, pneumonia, radiculitis. They also perfectly disinfect the air, prevent respiratory diseases, flu.

A coniferous broom must be steamed for 10 minutes in boiling water. As soon as it becomes soft, you can start steaming. It is useful to add one or two coniferous branches to a birch or oak broom. The infusion of such a broom can be used both for watering stones and for washing.

Eucalyptus broom - more often used in the Caucasus. Eucalyptus leaves contain 1 to 3 percent of essential oil, which is associated with its medicinal properties. It is especially good for a runny nose, sore throat. In the steam room, he is pressed to his face and breathed for 4-5 minutes through his nose. But it also has disadvantages: the eucalyptus broom has branches that are too thin, flexible, and the leaves are long. It is difficult for them to "control" while posting.

All these brooms are best used in the evening: they promote good sleep, restore strength.

But brooms made from rowan leaves or containing common tansy, on the contrary, excite. And if you want to be like a cucumber after the bath, such a broom will be just right, and it is better to go to the bath with it during the day.

They say about a nettle broom that it should be used rarely, but accurately. If, after physical exertion, you feel pain and aches in the joints, go to a bath with a nettle broom - and the pain will immediately subside.

Not bad brooms made of maple, walnut, ash, elm. A broom made of young cherry shoots cut at the beginning of summer is very pleasant. This broom is soft and has a good cherry aroma. Bunches of medicinal or aromatic herbs can be added to the brooms. In season, brooms, of course, are best used fresh - these are the ones that contain a lot of essential oils and phytoncides.

Banya broom
Banya broom

Harvesting brooms

Birch brooms

According to an ancient custom, brooms are prepared on Trinity Day, which happens on the 49th day after Easter. It usually falls in early to mid June. Brooms should be prepared on a dry day. Therefore, if there is rainy weather on Trinity, they do it a few days later. Brooms are broken in the first half of the day, after the dew has melted.

Weeping birch is best suited for a broom. This is usually a tall tree. The branches of such a tree are very flexible and unbreakable. Young birches that have never bloomed are well suited, it is believed that they have the most delicate leaf on them. The top side of the leaf should not be rough, the leaf should be soft, velvety. And the branches are flexible, thin, long and straight.

At the beginning, the branches are loosely connected. Hang on poles or a stretched rope under a canopy, so that direct sunlight does not fall, where there is a good draft. After 6-7 days, when the brooms are well dry, they are tightly tied and stacked tightly on racks in a dry dressing room, shed or other dry and well-ventilated area.

It is best when the brooms take the shape of a fan rather than a broom. For this, fresh brooms are laid out on the floor and turned over every day until they dry. The main thing is not to overdry.

Studies have shown that it is precisely when all the age-old traditions of collecting medicinal plants (this also applies to birch brooms) are observed in the material in the optimal quantity and quality of active medicinal substances. If you tie a broom of fresh branches tightly, then in the center its leaves will lose their color, darken, and such a broom will have almost no smell, as the leaves will "burn".

After drying, the finished brooms should have all the leaves of a concentrated matte green color, and the broom itself should smell like balsamic birch oil. This smell increases sharply after steaming the broom. The collection of brooms at the beginning of summer is fully justified, because the leaves of the birch have already become large, but they still have enough essential oil glands, of which there are many not only in the leaves, but also on young birch shoots. Large young shoots are very elastic, so it is pleasant to whip the body with such a broom in the steam room.

You need to knit a broom as follows. First, the branches are cleaned of leaves and twigs in the place where the handle will be. Then the required number of branches is wrapped with twine, squeezing the branches with your left hand. Another important rule. When knitting brooms, lay the thicker branches inward, and around them - thinner ones - bending inward. The broom will turn out to be dense - it will be enough for several baths.

It is good to store brooms in a haystack. You can store the harvested branches in the winter and in the form of one sheaf, as needed, tying them into a broom. In both cases, the leaves are kept better.

Oak brooms

Oak brooms are cut in June-August in a damp, dark forest.

Drying and knitting of a broom is the same as for birch.

Russian Venus
Russian Venus

B. M. Kustodiev, Russian Venus (1925-1926)

Broom massage

If the broom is fresh, it is steamed immediately, without steaming, as otherwise it will turn sour.

A dry broom should first be immersed in cold water for 10-20 minutes, and then in hot water for 1-3 minutes.

A very dry broom needs to be steamed longer - pour boiling water into the basin, lower the broom into it and close it on top with another basin. Or dip it in a bowl of hot water and put it on the stones in the oven for 1-3 seconds, rotating and shaking it so that it does not burn. Repeat this procedure 2-3 times, and in 1-2 minutes the broom will be ready.

The optimal position in the steam room is lying down.

There are several "golden" rules that must be followed during the park

  1. The broom should be damp. It needs to be moistened periodically in warm water.
  2. The bathhouse attendant's movements should be soft, the broom should only lightly touch the body.
  3. If it is very hot in the steam room (over 60 degrees C), wave the broom more carefully. Steam can burn the skin severely.

A massage with a broom increases blood circulation in the skin and deeper tissues. Due to this, there is a redistribution of blood, lymph and interstitial fluid throughout the body. Any broom releases phytoncides that kill pathogenic bacteria. Essential oils contained in leaves and branches, getting on the skin, improve metabolism, prevent premature skin aging.

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