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Video: 8 Best Plants For Landscape Hedges Plants For Hedges. Description, Photo - Page 8 Of 8
Elite plants for creating free-growing hedges include not only roses, but also rhododendrons of inimitable beauty. Rhododendron owes its status as a special fencing plant not only to the high price of seedlings, but also to its extremely beautiful flowering. These plants, despite the huge number of species and varieties, are perceived as a real highlight in any garden today.
Rhododendron hedges bring the abundance and beauty of these plants to the absolute. Rhododendrons form amazingly beautiful bushes, which, even in the lower part, are covered with an extraordinary number of graceful inflorescences. The beauty of the silhouette, the ability to bloom all over the crown and spectacular foliage, glossy, dense, wintry green or spectacularly repainted in the brightest tones in autumn - these are the main characteristics of not only one of the most versatile garden plants.
In the conditions of the middle zone, low hedges are created from rhododendrons - 1-2 m, higher fences are rare.
When deciding to create a hedge from rhododendron, you must understand that this shrub will directly depend on the quality of care. This is one of the most demanding plants in terms of growing conditions, and it is possible to achieve the creation of a dense and attractive fence only with the provision of optimal lighting parameters and careful selection of soils. Rhododendrons do not tolerate direct sunlight, they need protection from wind and drafts. They are most comfortable in partial shade and in all locations where the hedge will be brightly lit only for a few hours a day.
Houses adjacent to buildings and walls, located under the canopy of large trees, especially under large coniferous areas, will be ideal for a rhododendron hedge. They will not be able to develop in heavy, clayey, waterlogged soils, they need high-quality, loose, rich in organic matter, water and breathable soils, consisting of leafy soil and peat with coniferous impurities.
Benefits of a rhododendron hedge:
- the only kind of flowering hedges with wintering foliage;
- luxurious flowering, under which foliage is not visible;
- the density and density of the crown, beauty along the entire height of the hedge;
- the status of one of the most luxurious decorations for a private garden.
Best views for hedges
The main difficulties with the creation of hedges from rhododendrons are associated precisely with the correct selection of species and varieties that can withstand the conditions of the middle lane. The only rule for choosing a rhododendron for a hedge is to choose only those varieties and species that are already grown in your area and adapted by local nurseries or gardeners. Plants obtained from non-regional catalogs are not suitable for hedges. Only the choice of acclimatized varieties will allow you to create a hedge that can survive not only the first winter, but also become a decoration of your garden for decades.
Ledebour's rhododendrons, Kamchatka, Daurian, Smirnov's, golden and deciduous Japanese rhododendrons are rightfully ranked among the best species that can form a hedge in regions with severe winters. In fact, among the huge assortment of rhododendrons, you can select plants not only with different colors of inflorescences from yellow and orange to red, pink, blue, lilac, purple and white, but also plants that can adapt to more illuminated or shady locations, active or not very growth, early or late flowering and even species that thrive in limestone soil. Check out the local assortment and find the rhododendrons that best suit your needs.
Planting a hedge
Rhododendron hedges should be planted during September or postponed until spring.
The optimal distance between bushes for living fences of various heights is 40-50 cm to 1 meter.
It is necessary to plant rhododendrons in trenches about 40 cm wide and approximately the same depth + a layer of high drainage, which is mandatory for this shrub. Dug trenches must be deeply saturated with water. The removed soil is mixed with peat, manure, compost, mineral fertilizers, crushed needles to obtain an optimal texture. For rhododendrons, it is necessary to add 60-70 g of mineral fertilizer for each plant, bring the acidity of the soil to 4-5 ph.
Rhododendrons in the planting pits are set taking into account shrinkage, so that the root collar is 2-4 cm above the soil. Around the bush along the perimeter of the planting pit, it is necessary to create a protective roller from the soil and deep watering without delay. The bushes planted in the ground in September are immediately mulched with a layer of pine needles or peat up to 8 cm high.
Features of caring for a hedge of rhododendrons
All rhododendrons need feeding. In early spring, organic fertilizers are applied for rhododendrons or they are fed with mixtures specially designed for these plants. It is advisable to re-feed flowering rhododendrons after the end of the flowering wave with a phosphorus-potassium mixture; if there are signs of a lack of nutrients in the soil, additional fertilizing can be carried out during the summer.
Watering for rhododendron hedges should be regular, in the hottest and driest time up to 3 times a week with deep soil impregnation at the rate of 10 liters per plant. Rhododendrons respond with gratitude to spraying and sprinkling, need additional watering at the slightest sign of lack of water. As with other rhododendrons, hedges need to be watered with soft or acidified water. Before wintering, it is necessary to carry out refueling watering.
The soil under the hedge should be weeded regularly and shallowly loosened between the bushes (but not in the immediate vicinity due to the rather shallow root system) after each watering, immediately renewing the mulch layer. In the first year after planting, rhododendrons should not be allowed to bloom and should pay attention to the formation of powerful bushes. In the first 2-3 years, young hedges are completely covered for the winter with an air-dry method, or the branches are bent to the ground with a dry leaf and spruce branches.
Unlike those growing in groups of shrubs, rhododendrons in a hedge will need a haircut (starting from the second year after planting), with the formation of a neat continuous row and cutting out branches that are knocked out of the contour. In addition, it is necessary to remove dry and damaged branches immediately after identification, because they inhibit the development of bushes and lead to a violation of the shape of the crown.
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