Garden Carnation Shabo. Growing From Seeds. Planting And Care, Reproduction At Home. Photo

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Garden Carnation Shabo. Growing From Seeds. Planting And Care, Reproduction At Home. Photo
Garden Carnation Shabo. Growing From Seeds. Planting And Care, Reproduction At Home. Photo
Video: Garden Carnation Shabo. Growing From Seeds. Planting And Care, Reproduction At Home. Photo
Video: How to grow Carnations/Dianthus from seed a complete guide 2023, February
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It is always pleasant for people to receive flowers as a gift. It is even more pleasant to give flowers, but if you have grown them to decorate a summer cottage or garden plot, it is always a little sorry to cut them. The harmony of a planned flower garden can be disrupted due to the frequent cutting of tulips, daffodils or summer flowers. Another thing is a bed of various cut flowers specially laid in the depths of the garden. You can choose a set of flower cultures, taking into account the birthdays of loved ones, family dates and holidays, and perhaps the timing of the flowering of their favorites will coincide with the holidays.

Garden carnations of the Shabo group (Dianthus caryophyllus var.chabaud)
Garden carnations of the Shabo group (Dianthus caryophyllus var.chabaud)

The Shabo garden carnation gives a very good cut. All summer, from late June to late autumn, until low temperatures are established, its flowering lasts. The plant is of hybrid origin, obtained at the beginning of the 19th century in France by the Toulon pharmacist Chabot and has since been named after him.

Description of garden carnation Shabo

Carnation Shabo reaches a height of 40-60 cm, forms a spreading bush and gives up to 35 flower shoots. Rounded and knobby, they are covered with dark green leaves with a bluish bloom. The flowers are large, 5-8 cm in diameter, in modern varieties with 100% doubleness. Flower petals of various shapes are folded or corrugated, the edges are serrated or deeply dissected.

The color of the Shabo carnation flowers is very diverse - white, yellow, different shades of pink and red to lilac and two-tone. The height of the peduncle is from 25 to 35 cm. Everyone has a vase for such a carnation, in contrast to the forcing Dutch carnation with a disturbed harmony between the diameter of the flower and the excessively long peduncle. For the forcing carnation, a floor vase is required, which is not available in every home, and the price of a flower in the complete absence of aroma is in direct proportion to the length of the peduncle.

Growing at home

Planting garden carnations Shabo

From sowing to flowering of Shabo carnations, it should take up to 6 months, so the optimal time for sowing carnation seeds is December-February (until February 8). For beginners, we advise you to purchase a varietal mixture in order to have an idea of ​​the variety of shapes and colors of the flower. There are 600 seeds in 1 gram, of which 450 seedling plants can be grown, so when buying, use a cheaper package with a lower weight - for the first experiment, grow 10-16 plants.

Garden carnations in a window pots
Garden carnations in a window pots

For sowing Shabo carnations, use a well-developed garden soil, into which it is advisable to add sod land (2 parts turf, 2 parts greenhouse or garden, 1 part sand), porous and rich in basic nutrients. Spread the seeds on a sifted and well-spilled layer of earth, and sprinkle them with a thin layer of sand (preferably calcined), compact with a small rammer. At a temperature of 16..18 ° C, Shabo carnation seeds germinate on the 5-8th day.

After sprouting, seedlings of Shabo carnations must be moved to a well-lit cool place with a temperature of 12 °, watering should be sparse. When foci of mass wilting appear, remove the dead seedlings, and sprinkle these areas with sand or activated carbon. In conditions of insufficient lighting, waterlogging is dangerous for seedlings!

Picking of seedlings of Shabo carnations

At the stage of two true leaves, the first picking of seedlings is carried out (a mixture of soil, as for sowing), placing the plants at a distance of 4 cm in a row and 4 cm between rows. The second pick is carried out in April. Plants are placed one by one in a separate peat-cellulose pot or in another container, without deepening the root collar. Each pick stimulates the plant to actively grow and develop, it seems to wake up from hibernation and begin to change before our eyes.

Seedling care and planting in open ground

When a lighter, green color appears at the points of growth and at the base of the leaves of Shabo carnations, it is necessary to feed the seedlings with nitrogen fertilizer, for example, treat the leaves with a 0.1% solution of ammonium nitrate (foliar dressing). In the phase of 5 pairs of leaves, pinch the growing point, this will allow the carnation to form a good shrub with a lot of flowering shoots.

Like all other seedlings, Shabo cloves need to be hardened in greenhouses or on a terrace, they are cold-resistant and not afraid of frost, they are first planted in the ground. If the weather permits, immediately after the May holidays (May 9), it can be planted in the ground, giving a feeding area less than usual - 25 × 25 cm (for better cutting) at the rate of 16 plants per 1 sq. M.

It is very important not to disturb the clod of earth with roots during planting. A hole dug in the ground should ideally fit the volume of a well spilled lump, the ground levels should match. When the root collar is deepened, the Shabo clove does not take root well and grows slowly.

Shabo garden carnation care

Starting with budding, when the first flowering shoots appear and until late autumn, Shabo carnations are pinned. All buds and shoots are removed (broken) from the leaf axils (up to the 6th node), then the remaining central bud will develop into a large beautiful flower.

Top dressing of Shabo cloves in the ground is carried out with an interval of 2 weeks, starting from the date of planting. Like all annuals, cloves do not like fresh organic fertilizers, preferring only well-rotted organic and mineral fertilizers. Nitrogen fertilizers (4-5 g per 1 square meter) must be applied together with potash fertilizers (4-5 g per 1 square meter). This will help to avoid cracking of the flower calyx and excessive fragility of the shoots.

To extend the life of the cut flower, the peduncle is broken off under the sixth node in the half-open bud phase early in the morning or in the evening. The bouquet can wait for delivery without loss of external freshness and aroma at a temperature of 10..12 ° C for more than 3 days.

Seedling of garden carnation Shabo
Seedling of garden carnation Shabo

In the fall, when frost approaches, the Shabo carnation can be transferred with a clod of earth to a heated greenhouse or transplanted into pots, brought into the house or onto a terrace, while flowering will last for another 2 months.

Cutting carnation Shabo

Plants you like with 100% doubleness, beautiful color and flower shape can be saved as a mother plant for spring propagation. For this, the plant is cut off and throughout the winter, its vital activity is supported, limiting in "food and drink", and only in the spring they begin to water, feed and light up, stimulating the regrowth of cuttings.

In April, cuttings are broken off from the Shabo carnation, and after making an oblique cut in the internodes, they are placed in wet perlite or sand, to preserve moisture, the cuttings are covered with a special cap or a plastic bag.

Carnation Shabo, grown from cuttings, does not bloom as abundantly as grown from seeds, outwardly it has noticeably less vitality (thickness of shoots, size of leaves), but its cut quality is also good. By combining two methods of obtaining seedlings, you can maintain your favorite varieties for a number of years.

Having received the first cut from your site and inhaled the scent of this flower, you will understand that all the work is justified. You will not find Shabo carnation in urban landscaping and in flower beds in the park (it does not create a color spot), in the botanical gardens of our strip it has disappeared, since it does not produce seeds, and maintaining a large number of varieties by cuttings requires considerable costs. Only the hardworking hands of flower lovers can grow this wonderful plant in their flower garden!

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