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Video: 9 Most Unpretentious Fruit Crops. List Of Fruit Trees And Shrubs That Do Not Require Maintenance. Photo - Page 4 Of 10
Irga or Korinka, like the apple tree, and the cherry plum belongs to the pink family. As a fruit plant, irga has been known in Europe since the 16th century. First, irgu was cultivated in England, then in Holland. The berries were used to make wine reminiscent of Cahors.
The distribution area of irgi stretches across all regions of Western Europe. Irga is successfully grown by amateur gardeners in Russia, Belarus, Moldova, and Ukraine.
In Russia, mainly the round-leaved irga is widespread, which initially grew in the Crimea and the Caucasus, and then began to quickly gain popularity in the southern, central and northern regions of the Russian Federation, almost everywhere, except for the Arctic.
It easily tolerates frosts of -40..- 50 ° С, and during blooming irgi, short frosts at -5..- 7 ° С do not harm the flowers at all.
Features of irgi
Irga belongs to unpretentious garden crops. It easily tolerates drought and frost, does not require watering, is not affected by pests and diseases, and annually forms high yields of fruits sweet to sugary.
Irgi's unpretentiousness is associated with its biological characteristics. The root system of irgi occupies an area in the soil much larger than the aerial part and provides the plant with moisture and nutrients to a sufficient extent. Irga is responsive to feeding and watering, but it may well take care of itself and independently.
Irga easily tolerates haircuts, shading, high air pollution, strong winds, can be used as a living fence of the site. Irga is distinguished by its durability (bushes live up to 70 years), and rapid growth.
Useful properties and use of irgi
Irga is distinguished by a high content of sugars in fruits (up to 12%), organic acids, including ascorbic acid - up to 40%, vitamins. The nutritional and medicinal value of the culture determined its location in the hierarchy of useful berries. Decoctions and infusions of irgi leaves, flowers, fruits, bark, both fresh and dried, have a high healing effect. Home remedies increase the elasticity of blood vessels, prevent varicose veins, and lower blood pressure. Broths are used for tonsillitis, disorders and inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract.
Juices, jelly, preserves, compotes, wine are prepared from irgi berries, and they are consumed fresh in summer.
Irga belongs to early-growing crops, and after planting in a permanent place, it forms a harvest for 3-4 years. The best time for planting irgi is autumn. Planting and care is the same as for other fruiting shrubs.
Reproduction of irgi
Irga is propagated by seed and vegetative method. Seedlings obtained from seeds are used as dwarf rootstocks for pears and apple trees.
Vegetatively, irgu is propagated by root shoots, dividing the bush, cuttings (using green cuttings).
Irgi varieties for growing in the country
For regions with severe frosts, Canadian irgi varieties that can withstand temperatures down to -45 ° C are suitable: Regent, Altaglow, Pembina, Slate, Strata, Parkhill. At grades irgi Blyumun and Bluesun into separate, especially cold winters with prolonged frost -37..- 38 ° C, freeze slightly the tips of the shoots, which after trimming are quickly restored.
In the southern regions, the conditions of the middle and central zone of Russia and other regions of the CIS with the same climate, varieties of Irgi Bluesan, Pembina, Mendan, Slate, Blumun, Surprise grow and bear fruit perfectly. Some gardeners successfully grow these varieties of irgi and to the north.
The continuation of the list of the most unpretentious fruit and berry crops, see the next page
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