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Video: Lawn. Device, Sowing, New. Landscape. Green, Moorish, Sports, Parterre. Grass. A Photo
Lawn (from the French gazon) is an artificial turf cover created by growing various grasses, mainly perennial species of the Cereals family.
- Parterre: Parterre lawns can be called one of the most elegant and most demanding in their preparation. In general, they can be called the highest quality lawns - the lawns of the elite class. At the same time, the parterre lawn can be not only flat, but also have wooden retaining walls that will best change the image of your garden landscape.
- Ordinary: An ordinary ornamental lawn may consist of the same types of grass as a parterre, however, it does not have such high quality requirements, which means that it can be mowed a little less often, and use less fertilizers and water. Occasional weeds growing on such a lawn will not be a disaster either.
- Moorish: The Moorish lawn is somewhat different from other types of lawns. Indeed, besides lawn grasses, wildflowers are also used in it. And this can be one of the possible ways to get closer to nature and restore the long-disturbed ecological balance, at least in your garden. At the same time, there is no need to care for a Moorish lawn with the same care and consistency as for an ordinary lawn.
- Meadow: One of the most important decorative features of a meadow lawn is its effortless naturalness and beauty at the same time. After all, a meadow lawn imitates a kind, natural meadow in an ideal design. It is especially good when the plot you bought already had a completely natural meadow lawn. This will give you the opportunity to improve what nature has already given, and this is so fashionable now.
Lawns for special purposes
- Sports: The sports turf must be resistant to high loads as well as adverse weather conditions. In rainy weather, puddles or dirt should not appear on it, and dust should not appear on it; the lawn should be soft, comfortable for sports games. Therefore, the turf of a sports lawn is distinguished by its great strength and elasticity, however, it requires increased attention in its formation and maintenance.
- Lawns for special purposes are sown in order to strengthen the slopes, slopes, turf of roadsides, gentle banks of reservoirs. For this, grass mixtures are used from fast-growing and densely sod-forming cereals.
Where to begin?
First, determine what kind of lawn you want to create in your area. The complex of the work carried out depends on this. The following questions will help you understand which lawn is right for your site.
- How do you plan to use the lawn?
- Where do you want to see the lawn?
- How big will the lawn be?
- What shape and style will the lawn be?
1. How do you plan to use the lawn?
- Picnic, family vacation, reception.
- Active rest, playground.
- A separate element of the garden decor.
- Unused area of the site.
2. Where do you want to see the lawn?
Most likely, you will want to place a place for picnics, joint recreation or a playground closer to the residential area. The lawn, as a decorative element, will most likely be placed in the most overlooked areas and, of course, there are also such corners of the garden, which not often someone enters, but even there you want beauty and order.
3. What size will the lawn be?
Take this issue seriously, because both financial and labor costs depend on this. Or maybe you still want to set up a flower garden in this place, dig up beds, set up a decorative garden or plant a bush or tree. The lawn is not just laid, it is looked after.
4 What shape and style will the lawn be?
If your site is decorated in a strict classical style, it is also called formal, then the shape of the lawn should be correct, geometric. Well, if your plot is informal, such styles include cottage and wild gardens, then a lawn of smooth shapes and bends, repeating the shapes of paths, flower beds, will suit you.
Create a lawn
Having answered the above questions and determined the style and belonging of the lawn, we proceed to work.
Before sowing grass seeds, you need to carry out a set of preparatory work. The area chosen for the lawn must be cleared of debris and stones, and weeds must be removed. Mark the area of the future lawn. Mark the boundaries of a section with straight borders along a rope stretched between the pegs. Make wavy border lines along the rope or hose laid out in the desired shape.
At our site, we began preparing the site for a regular lawn since the spring of the previous season, dug up the site, removed all kinds of roots, added a fertile layer of soil from a mixture of humus, peat and sand, leveled the site, covered the arable land with covering material and left the site to rest. Throughout the season, we destroyed all the weeds that appeared on the future lawn with the help of Roundup and fed the soil with mineral fertilizers.
In the spring of the following year, just before sowing, they carried out another digging, fertilization and leveling of the site. Sowing seeds is best done in the late afternoon in calm weather in moist soil. Divide the seeds in two and scatter the first half along the area to be planted and the second across. Of course, it is more convenient to use a seeder, but where can you get it? After sowing, walk on the ground with a light rake, but do not deepen the seeds too much, otherwise they will not germinate. When you have loosened and leveled the earth, you should compact it. Unfortunately, we do not have special skating rinks, so we covered the surface with boards and walked along them. It turned out to be just a great playground.
After all the above work has been done, sprinkle the earth well by spraying, do not erode the soil, because water can wash out grass seeds and soil, making the lawn look ugly. After watering, we covered our future lawn with a covering non-woven material such as "sponbond" so that the grass breathes, moisture remains, and the birds do not eat the seeds. Now, remember to water your lawn every day until it's time to mow. Watering the lawn is always done by sprinkling, so the earth is moistened evenly over the entire area, which contributes to the friendly growth of grass. Where moisture is scarce, weeds successfully compete with grass, outstripping it in growth and development. Poor watering is especially harmful when pecking seeds and for young seedlings. Swollen seeds that have begun to germinate, without receiving the required amount of moisture, simply die, and young seedlings, due to water shortage, are constantly under stress, turn yellow and eventually die too.
In dry weather, watering is considered sufficient at the rate of 10 liters of water per 1 m2 of lawn and no less
What if you do not have the opportunity to water the lawn every day and come to the site only on Saturday and Sunday? Plant your lawn in the second half of summer when the heat subsides and the chance of rain is high.
The first mowing of the lawn is carried out when the grass has grown by 7-8 cm, after that, depending on which lawn you have broken, it is carried out at different intervals and at different heights
- Parterre - Mowing is carried out every 3-4 days to a height of 1-2 cm.
- Common - 5-7 days for a height of 3-4cm.
- Moorish - Mowing is only done at the end of the season.
- Meadow - Mow a meadow lawn at least once a month, and its height can be 7-10 cm.
- Sports - Mowing is carried out every 10 days to a height of 4-5 cm.
The last mowing of the year takes place about half a month before the first snow falls.
Lawns are watered every day by sprinkling, or every other day, but in this case, watering should be abundant. Watering can be done early in the morning or late in the evening, but by no means during the day, otherwise the grass will turn yellow.
With intensive growth and frequent haircuts, many nutrients are removed from the soil, therefore, top dressing is periodically done. Their frequency and type of fertilization depend on the condition of the grass stand. If the grass begins to turn yellow, turn pale, grow worse, despite sufficient watering, then it is time to feed it with nitrogen or full mineral fertilizer at the rate of 15-20 g per 1 m2. Fertilizer can be applied both in dissolved form during watering, and evenly, scattering dry granules over the trimmed grass stand before watering.
© Sir Mildred Pierce
I hope my experience will help you create your own lawn and thereby bring a little more beauty to your site. I am happy to learn about your methods of lawn planting.