10 Basic Elements Of An English Garden. English Style In Landscape Design. Photo

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10 Basic Elements Of An English Garden. English Style In Landscape Design. Photo
10 Basic Elements Of An English Garden. English Style In Landscape Design. Photo

Video: 10 Basic Elements Of An English Garden. English Style In Landscape Design. Photo

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Video: How to Create a Gorgeous Arts and Crafts-Style English Garden | GARDEN | Great Home Ideas 2023, January

The look of a traditional English garden with all its pastorality and harmony for many today remains not only a source of inspiration, but also an example of perfection. It is impossible to explain the magic of the English style of landscape design simply by climate or temperament. A unique sense of proportion, the ability to bring nobility even to the simplest flower beds, the art of using contrasts not for vivid images, but for comfort and atmosphere, a special attitude to the balance of functionality and aesthetics has always distinguished the exemplary English garden. And today his canons remain unshakable and unique. But not so secret that the English design could not be recreated on your site.

English style garden
English style garden

In any style of landscape design, there are elements without which a garden project will not work. The canons, or basic design principles that determine the character of the garden, are easily recognizable and inimitable, even in modern interpretations, and the most daring designers do not violate. There are especially many such "laws" and "rules" in the English garden. After all, the style of a traditional British garden is distinguished by the same stiffness for which English interiors are famous. True, it is not so easy to catch individual elements in this style: the atmosphere and sensations in an English garden are sometimes more important than specific means of expressing an idea. Let's try to outline 10 basic elements that underlie the English garden.


  • Strict framework for a colorful show
  • Classics and romance squared
  • Green planes
  • Individual approach to plants
  • Color balance
  • Not a flowering relay, but a relay of images
  • Queen for the retinue of aristocrats
  • Scrupulous height selection
  • Either a garden or a museum
  • Thorough care

Strict framework for a colorful show

An English garden is, first of all, a garden with a well thought out structure. Its main purpose is to create a walking area, such a landscape and a series of objects that you want to stroll through and admire, against which not only the body, but also the soul can rest. The "set" of mandatory zones and objects in such a garden is limited. And it is limited by a fairly strict list of generally accepted techniques that "push off" from home. A large lawn or lawn, a front garden, a gazebo or a pavilion, an orchard or orchard with a decorative vegetable garden, a pond - these are the objects that are present in a traditional English garden. Zones are separated by neat trimmed green hedges or stone walls. Vividly highlighting the main objects, such a garden creates a well-defined framework.And in the rest of the territory, a game unfolds with picturesque ensembles, turned into an ideal park for walking, in which an amazing harmony reigns.

The space between the structural elements is divided into walking areas and framed with the help of beds and flower beds, connected by lawn, paved paths or soft paths appealing to gravel entrances. Flower beds are most often represented by a series of flower beds repeating in shape, framed by strict boxwood frames, which create a simplified colorful labyrinth. But the dominant landscape in the English garden is always landscape and colorful ridges - one-sided and two-sided mixborders. Wide, unrestrained and so romantic, they are the hallmark of the English garden.

English style garden
English style garden

Classics and romance squared

When the English style is ranked among the landscape currents of landscape design, they are usually a little cunning. After all, the English garden really brings the canons of park art closer to nature and its beauties, but it does it regally and so pretentiously that it is difficult to call such a garden a model of naturalness. In the English garden, in addition to those very strict lawns, trimmed fences and architectural elements, the truth is, the whole space is filled with free, landscape plantings of plants. But they imitate not quite wild nature, as, for example, in a Dutch garden or in the style of the prairie, but a pastoral fairy-tale picture, a kind of idyll of blooming nature in all its splendor.

Modest, almost wild plants and thickets, as if they had not been touched by the hand of a gardener - not for an English garden. Everything here should be perfectly colorful. Even the contrast between the leaves of the ferns and the catchment in the shade or lavender and the cuff on the sunny rabat. This is a landscape luxury, which is not a sin to send on a postcard or poster of some exhibition. Therefore, keep in mind: an English garden should produce just such an impression - aristocracy, which, having gone beyond the strict framework, has not lost its chosenness.

A similar approach - ostentatious, idealized choice - should be applied when choosing plants. Classics from classics are what you need in an English garden. If shrubs, then roses or boxwood, if trees - then catalpas, maples or decorative apple trees. And among perennial partners, attention should be paid to untouchable, chosen favorites - lavender, catnip, veronica, delphiniums, geychera, geraniums. Why, even among the bulbous in the English garden, only the classics are welcomed - tulips, daffodils, muscari. Exemplary, with an impeccable reputation, such plants have retained the status of fashionable for more than one century. And not boring at all. They should be recognized at first sight, have a bright personality - texture, color, size, growth pattern. Nondescript and little-known plants for this style will not work:aristocratic plants also need aristocratic plants.

Green planes

In an English garden, green always and everywhere dominates. But not in ancient hedges and blank yew walls, but above all in lawns. Without them, it is impossible to imagine any project in this classic style. Carpets fill the space and balance the lush, romantic, colorful and textured flower beds and flower beds, serve as a "field", a canvas on which the pastoral of a colorful garden unfolds. Without this background, the charm and harmony of the design will be lost forever. If you want to create an English garden, then don't be afraid to use lawns. Create large strict lawns out of them, arrange ponds with them, "tie" flower beds, and form walking areas. In short, create a green background perfect for admiring magnificent perennials. And remember that not only sites can be called a lawn,but also magnificent grass paths.

English garden
English garden

Individual approach to plants

Despite the fact that the English garden is distinguished by that special balance in which it is impossible to single out the main stars in the design, the basis of its success lies precisely in a personal approach to each plant and respect for the need to study their characteristics, character and preferences. There are no plants of more or less importance in any flower garden or bed in this style. Everything here exudes harmony and self-sufficiency, even tiny accents will receive the attention they need. After all, any subtle art, including the art of garden design, is built primarily on deep knowledge.

And if you plan to recreate the charm of an English garden on your site, then first of all show respect for the plants used. And rely not on intuition, but on scientific approach and training. Do not save time: study all the nuances of growing, all the features of specific species. Build schedules, compile catalogs, create whole "cases" for your flower beds and flower beds. This is an exciting process that will bring no less pleasure than contemplation of your result. So you can always check the information, easily adjust the ensembles, if such a need arises, you will always know what to do in unforeseen circumstances. Even the cultures you know can surprise you, and their character and agricultural techniques are worth studying in detail.

Color balance

Harmony in the English garden reigns not only in structure or materials, but also in the colorist. The ability to achieve balance and then “make” the garden not lose it at any time of the year is truly unique. At the same time, the principles of constructing the English color scheme are so simple that they seem obvious and almost boring. But only in theory: in practice, achieving color harmony is much more difficult.

When you look at the panoramas of British gardens - and the famous cottage, and park, and palace - you cannot resist comparing with the paintings of the best classical landscape painters. And it is precisely the skillfully selected colors, which the artist seemed to mix, that is the main secret of the English garden. Neither boring, nor restrained, nor contrasting or pastel palette is typical for him. Only gardens are becoming English, where shades and overflows merge into a single picturesque picture. And where the contrast is based on the play of pure watercolor tones and colors with the undoubtedly dominant calm green, for each color that is too bright there is a soothing counterbalance, for each light shade there is a deeper and more saturated tone. And you need to focus on the most advantageous matching shades not of one color, but of neighboring colors in the color wheel.

So, pink is mixed with lilac, yellow with orange, blue with purple - different colors, but they, nevertheless, are especially harmonious and related in character. When choosing plants for an English garden, choose the most traditional and pure colors - if pink, then candy or rich, purple - ideal lilac, violet - cold and sparkling, blue - delicate and dreamy, and yellow - fruity and "juicy". In short, go for classic and even old-fashioned colors. Purity of design in an English garden is embodied through purity of colors.

English-style garden with a pond
English-style garden with a pond

Not a flowering relay, but a relay of images

In the English garden, one should strive to create not the effect of a continuously continuing show show, but seasonality. You probably happened to admire the photographs of estates and cottages, which seem to be surrounded by meadows of daffodils in spring, and in summer they flaunt with regal roses that dominate the design. The main goal is to change the appearance of the garden from season to season, like a seasonal transformation of interiors. For spring, summer and autumn, a combination of the most beloved cultures is selected, which together create the perfect ensemble. Several plants become the main stars of the season, and as the seasons change, another group blooms, without repeating either the character or the color palette of the first. Thus, in English gardens, they do not create the effect of constancy, but emphasize respect for nature and its metamorphoses. Yes, and thanks to this technique it never gets boring: the garden changes images,remaining perfect in English, but always different.

Queen for the retinue of aristocrats

The plant without which the English garden will not work is the magnificent queen of garden shrubs, the rose. It is no coincidence that she is called a garden aristocrat, it is the rose that demonstrates the beauty of plants typical for the English garden in the palace and in the cottage format. Of course, in the English style it is worth using English roses ˜- gorgeous ostinki with their old-fashioned romance, modern stamina and strong aroma.

It is worth adding both spray and climbing roses to the look of the English garden. Miniature beauties will create luxurious borders, modern varietal rose hips - flowering hedges, ground cover roses will fill the space and create the effect of fabulous cascades on flower beds and flower beds. Lianas on arches and pergolas will add to the vertical accents and become a regal luxurious backdrop for benches and gazebos. As for the classic shrub roses, floribundas, tea hybrids and other beauties, they will become the main soloists in flower beds and flower beds. And with something, but with roses in the English style, you can not be afraid to overdo it: there are no many roses in an English garden. And it is the roses - the real queens of the English garden - that perfectly reveal the beauty of the plants, selected according to the principle of aristocracy.

Flower garden with roses in an English style garden
Flower garden with roses in an English style garden

Scrupulous height selection

Lush floral ensembles that fill the framework of the strict structure of the English garden give not only the impression of seasonality, pastorality, pastelness, but also unprecedented splendor. All flowering plantings in such a garden should look impeccable, filled with dozens of plants, but at the same time, not too complicated. Lush landscape thickets of blooming beauties are created thanks to the skillful combination of plants in height. So that no free soil is visible under the plants, they must complement each other and hide flaws. The main principle of creating both flower beds and a bed in an English garden is a strict increase in height from the foreground to the back in one-sided objects and from the sides to the center in double-sided mixborders. Do not think that such a strict selection will be boring:the textures of plants and the difference in density of crowns and sods fully compensate for the insufficiently interesting vertical structure.

Even breaking the rules, in the English garden, you should adhere to the canons. The only way to deviate from the principle from low to high is to place high accents among undersized partners or soloists who stand out sharply against the background of the environment. Such cultures can be conventionally called "living sculptures": they really, like a statue on a lawn, rise against a splendid background and bring even more classical motives into the composition. A shorn ball of boxwood or a pyramid of yew, a standard rose seem to soar above the compositions and place architectural accents in them.

Either a garden or a museum

Another element, without which it is impossible to imagine any English garden, is the skillful selection of accessories. For garden ensembles, they are selected with no less taste and care than for an English interior. Each piece of jewelry should become a true work of art and an important detail that emphasizes and sets the mood.

In the English style, you cannot do without garden sculpture - classical and somewhat old-fashioned. A simple statue immersed in a flower garden with roses, a small fountain or a stone feeder that marks the intersection point between flower beds, skillfully shape the bend of the path or draws attention to the far corner of the garden - each sample of a large and small garden sculpture should be placed so as to crown the ensemble and give new, aesthetic perfection to him. You should not neglect accessories in the form of correctly placed lighting, a skillfully hidden bench, funny characters, animals or everyday objects that have received a new life - for example, an old broken service or a teapot. They are able to become small touches that will fill the garden with English charm. The main thing is not to overdo it and place them in the most conspicuous place.

English style garden
English style garden

Thorough care

The English Garden is a landscape surrounded by love. This is a style for those who enjoy even the most common procedures, who have the time and desire to prune roses and mow lawns. And the more regular care and love is put into such a garden, the more beautiful it becomes. After all, a project that combines so many trimmed objects and flowering plants will have to be looked after constantly. And the English garden cannot be attributed to the styles "for the lazy". True, the correct choice of plants and their species will help to simplify life, but you should not forget about timely care anyway.

Advantageously, neither beautiful lawns, nor flower beds in boxwood frames, nor inimitable "visiting" rabat will look for years by themselves. Even one neglected plant from which the wilted inflorescences were not removed or the dry shoots were forgotten will spoil the whole picture. And there can be no question of weeds or an uncut hedge … So care is an essential element of any English garden.

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