Cottage Garden - Features Of The Organization. Cottage Style Of Landscape Design. Photo

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Cottage Garden - Features Of The Organization. Cottage Style Of Landscape Design. Photo
Cottage Garden - Features Of The Organization. Cottage Style Of Landscape Design. Photo

Video: Cottage Garden - Features Of The Organization. Cottage Style Of Landscape Design. Photo

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One of the youngest styles of landscape design, born at the end of the century before last, is the cottage style. This is such a "young" direction of gardening art that sometimes its framework seems not yet completely defined. Although it is the cottage gardens that are one of the simplest in terms of structure, organization, and landscaping. In this article, we will look at the basic principles of creating a cottage garden and tell you why a cottage garden is not landscape or country.

The cottage garden is not landscape and not country
The cottage garden is not landscape and not country

Content:

  • What are the characteristics of a cottage garden style?
  • Cottage - not a landscape garden and not a country
  • Three main principles and only three components of a cottage garden
  • Plants for cottage gardens
  • Individual touches for the cottage garden

What are the characteristics of a cottage garden style?

This is a very practical style that solves quite specific tasks, which can be safely called highly specialized. If French, English, Mediterranean, Scandinavian gardens in the Art Nouveau or high-tech style are broken up to their liking, sometimes not being tied to buildings at all or somehow compensating for the lack of interesting elements, then the cottage style is used exclusively for decorating plots around cottages.

The cottage garden is a ceremonial and modern landscape style with an impeccable appearance of modest but carefully thought out plantings that look attractive, regardless of the season and the purpose of the plants.

A large open space surrounded by mixborders and massifs, ornamental vegetable gardens and piece vertical accents form the basis of this style - concise, economical both in terms of cost and in the required care.

The cottage style today is often called "glamorous" or "glossy": the garden decorated in this style really looks like it has come off the pages of advertising brochures or periodicals.

In fact, the cottage style is a modern reimagining and idealized version of a small home garden and vegetable garden. In it, even the beds are given a modern neatness, relying on both practicality and aesthetics.

The cottage-style recreation area is traditionally designed as a patio and is adjacent to the house
The cottage-style recreation area is traditionally designed as a patio and is adjacent to the house

Cottage - not a landscape garden and not a country

There is a lot of confusion in the interpretation of the cottage style. The spread of individual styles of landscape design when decorating small gardens in modern cottages led to the fact that the cottage style itself began to be called either English, then Dutch, or just a landscape garden. But they are independent and self-sufficient areas of landscape design, and, despite some common features, they have nothing to do with an authentic cottage garden.

More often than not, the cottage style is confused with a rustic garden and western country style. Unlike these typically landscape ones that rely on simplicity, abundance of detail and pastoralism, the cottage style is much more modern and vibrant. He relies on flashiness and brightness, creates the illusion of perfection and impeccability, does not like carelessness and blur in the design, above all, flowering compositions. And by its nature it is so radically different from country that it is quite difficult to confuse them when comparing.

Born at the intersection of landscape and modern design, the cottage style has incorporated the most eye-catching and striking solutions that allow you to create gardens "like in the picture." A "clean" cottage garden is considered a rarity today. And, first of all, due to the fact that in the search for original solutions in the basic cottage style they often add, layer elements of other trends in landscape design, or even generalize the term cottage garden, including any projects in small houses.

But today, authentic cottage gardens, the panoramas of which are asking for on the pages of glossy magazines, are back in fashion again.

The cottage gardens use traditional cultures that are simple and well adapted to the local climate
The cottage gardens use traditional cultures that are simple and well adapted to the local climate

Three main principles and only three components of a cottage garden

It is no coincidence that the cottage style is called one of the simplest and most affordable. In this style, it is enough not to forget about a few rules and use common templates to achieve an effective result. In fact, it is organized as a garden interior or a garden-living room, playing with the concepts of “home to garden” and “garden to home”.

And if in theory everything may seem complicated, in practice a cottage garden is an idealized landscape that opens up opportunities for improvisation, with dense bright plantings, free space and a cozy atmosphere of colorful perfection.

The design of any cottage garden is based on only three main principles.

  1. Stylishness. The main task is to create a garden-"picture" in which everything would be impeccable, well-groomed and neat. In such gardens, they do not leave empty soil and even in the matter of organizing a garden, they follow the principle of maximum attractiveness and fashion.
  2. Laconicism. If in other styles of landscape design they freely flirt with spatial zoning, geometry or imitate nature, highlight separate zones, then in a cottage garden everything is very simple. There is no place here for a series of flower beds and flower beds, complex hidden corners, separate pretentiously presented recreation areas. All such a garden is one ceremonial picture and a common "canvas", which is enclosed in decorative lush frames that emphasize the free space.
  3. Profitability. Cottage gardens are equipped with a minimum number of plants, in a short time and with minimal cost. They use simple and well-adapted traditional cultures to the local climate, and the area under decorative compositions is much smaller than even in regular gardens. This is a garden in which maximum effect is achieved with minimal means. But the main thing that they save on in a cottage style is care. Gardens like these are projects that are easy to maintain and maintain impeccable order.

A fence or hedge around the perimeter of the site is selected at your discretion. But in filling the garden, they are guided by very simple principles and rules. All lush vegetation seems to be collected in large frames or groups, compacted around the house and open space.

There are only three essential elements in a cottage style:

  1. A vacant (or flat) area is an open space inside a garden that is traditionally filled only with a lawn. Large lawns that give a sense of elegance and freedom are the basis of the garden and its main element, which is played up and emphasized by the environment.
  2. Mixborders, landscape flower gardens and individual "islands" of plants. Plants surround the house and the entrance to the property, as if creating a welcoming bright picture for an unforgettable first impression.

The lawn is surrounded by a lush mixborder around the perimeter or only from a few sides, which retains its attractiveness throughout the year. Bright and colorful, set in a minimal area, flowering mixborders seem to enclose the garden in lush frames. Individual shrubs or trees are necessarily introduced into them, placing focal points and playing with optical illusions. If the area allows, in the far part of the garden mixborders are changed to large landscape flower beds or arrays.

The flowering frame around the lawn does not have to be linear or straight-edged. She can picturesquely "crawl" onto the lawn, becoming narrower or wider.

Where the picture seems boring or a little flat, separate enlivening accents are placed on the lawn. A small flower garden made of annuals or perennials, a separate bush or tree, a decorative group revitalize the overall look. Plants in flower beds on the lawn should overlap with the general mixborder, and shrubs and trees should have a beautiful silhouette.

A decorative vegetable garden and orchard in a cottage style are also a must. In such projects, even the beds are decorated as flower beds, making the useful also fashionable. A series of identical tall beds, or ordinary ones, but surrounded by a beautiful border, they look like the true center of the garden. You can place a decorative garden near the house and in the far corner of the garden, and divide it into several parts scattered over the site. Fruit trees, most often, are planted in a mixborder or used as ornamental plants, but sometimes they are also planted in strict "chess" in one of the corners of the plot, combined with flower beds

The cottage-style recreation area is traditionally made in the form of a patio and is adjacent to the house, but in the garden itself, you can provide corners for communication with nature. A traditional gazebo or a gravel, bark area with comfortable furniture allows you to get closer to the beautiful landscape and enjoy the thoughtful design of the cottage garden. Swings, sun loungers and benches can be placed directly on the lawn (provided that the selected grass mixture can withstand heavy loads).

The materials in the cottage garden are traditionally limited to the "warmest" and most comfortable - bricks, wood and stone chips. It is better to replace "cold" paving of tiles and stone with brick paths and gravel paths, but neat walking paths of modest sidewalk slabs look even better in cottage gardens, the gaps between which are filled with lawn or resistant to trampling by ground covers.

The main efforts when decorating a garden should be focused on the entrance to the house, on its lush frame. Bright flower beds, beautiful arches, potted accents and accessories with decor are placed here, creating a feeling of not only comfort, but also hospitality. The house is literally surrounded by lush frames so that from every room and from any angle it seems that it is buried in lush, almost fabulous thickets.

The lush framing of the entrance to the house is one of the indicators of a cottage garden
The lush framing of the entrance to the house is one of the indicators of a cottage garden

Plants for cottage gardens

The main requirement for cultures that are used in a cottage style is either maximum utility or maximum brightness and expressiveness. And in the selection of trees, and in the choice of bushes, and in the matter of finding herbaceous perennials or even annuals adhere to the same principles.

Old and classic cultures look good in cottage style. Plants are mixed with each other in color, height, character, degree of decorativeness in different seasons, creating a dense, "solid", lush and boring ensembles.

It is easy to pick up favorites among the trees: in the cottage garden they are used “piece by piece”, placing high focal points. Usually, in this style, they are limited to fruit or useful trees - apple, pear, hazel, using them both as fruitful and as decorative and shading elements. Even if you have an area for a large family tree, it is better to give preference to a walnut.

From flowering shrubs, the cottage garden invites you to pay attention to the classics. The best, time-tested and minimal-maintenance views are ideal. In such gardens, there is no equal to lilac and mock orange, viburnum, ornamental currant, roses and rose hips, hydrangeas and hawthorn. In combination with berry bushes, this “golden classic” takes on a completely new sound.

To make the cottage garden look good even in winter, conifers or other evergreens must be introduced into the design. Modest accents or fillers, euonymus, junipers, spruces, thuja, pines allow you to create a skeletal basis for lush compositions.

If the garden lacks "ceremonial" elements or catchy solutions, then the problem of enriching the vertical structure is solved with the help of supports and flowering vines. There is only one favorite in the cottage style - the arches. But the plants can be selected to your liking, although climbing roses are out of competition here. If you need to decorate a massive pergola or patio structure, a massive gazebo, then you should think about wisteria, which are very popular in cottage gardens today.

Herbaceous perennials in mixborders, plantings around the house and along the perimeter of the lawn should create a sense of lushness and flowering relay from early spring to autumn. Perennials with basket inflorescences are especially good in the cottage style, but it is better to combine the incompatible, mix plants according to the principle of deep contrasts, look for new solutions in size, shape, and color of inflorescences.

In such gardens, rudbeckia, poppies, phloxes, dahlias, chrysanthemums, yarrows, red-leaved plantains, badans, ornamental cereals, garden geraniums, sage, lavender, peonies, delphiniums, digitalis, geleniums and all classic herbaceous perennials and are distinguished by their endurance look great …

In the cottage garden, the bulbous appear as real stars, starting the spring parade and adding charm and sophistication to spring and summer compositions. From crocuses and woods to muscarias, tulips, daffodils - any bulbous culture is appropriate in a cottage style.

Whether you need annuals and whether you will use them is best decided from the beginning. If you want to minimize the maintenance of the cottage garden, then it is better to limit yourself to perennial herbaceous plants. They won't give the same burst of color, but you won't need to plant anything every year. But if you like the classic cottage style, then pay attention to the largest-flowered, sunny and cheerful plants. Sunflowers and mallow, petunias and balsams, nasturtiums and sparkling sage are absolute favorites.

An interesting solution is to add several elements of a different style to the cottage garden
An interesting solution is to add several elements of a different style to the cottage garden

Individual touches for the cottage garden

The cottage style of landscape design, as well as the small-sized buildings themselves, cottage buildings and typical architecture, are distinguished by a certain "stamping" or artificiality. Simplicity of design often turns into a very unpleasant consequence - the loss of individuality and emotionality. This problem can be solved either by a careful choice of the color concept and plants, or by adding personal solutions and accessories that reveal the taste and character of the owners.

The easiest way is to add a few elements of a different style to the cottage garden. To play with English or country motives is not only not relevant, but also not very reasonable, because these styles literally "merge" and you may not even solve the problem at all. To make your cottage garden more personal, look for Mediterranean, Japanese or Scandinavian design inspiration for more prominent elements.

A variety of cute details will help to add a little expressiveness - from a garden sculpture to forged supports for vines, a resting corner hidden by a flower garden, a small reservoir or plants that are especially dear to your heart.

Individual touches for a cottage design can be added at any time. This is a very “mobile” style that can be constantly transformed, changing the created base at will. Using different annuals or changing the color palette of annual accents is one option to always bring a sense of novelty with minimal effort.

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