Nitroammofosk - How To Use Fertilizer Correctly? Photo

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Nitroammofosk - How To Use Fertilizer Correctly? Photo
Nitroammofosk - How To Use Fertilizer Correctly? Photo

Video: Nitroammofosk - How To Use Fertilizer Correctly? Photo

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Video: NPK Fertilizer for Plant Application in Gardening? How Much and How to Use | English 2023, February
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Nitroammofoska is one of the most famous fertilizers, produced in the form of granules with a pink-milky color. Thanks to the use of nitroammophoska, you can get a full harvest and achieve good plant development. In addition, nitroammophoska contributes to the rapid adaptation of newly planted plants to a new place, is able to extend the flowering period of ornamental plants and even increase the winter hardiness of a wide variety of crops. Nitroammofoska is perfectly soluble, and therefore it is often used for foliar feeding.

Nitroammofoska helps to get a full harvest and care for ornamental crops
Nitroammofoska helps to get a full harvest and care for ornamental crops

Content:

  • Composition and various combinations of nitroammophoska
  • Pros and cons of fertilizing with nitroammophos
  • Rules for using nitroammophoska

Composition and various combinations of nitroammophoska

Nitroammophoska contains 3 main elements necessary for plants - nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. All of these elements are present in nitroammofosk in forms readily available to plants.

The most famous is nitroammophoska, in which the three main substances are contained in a ratio of 16:16:16. Such nitroammophoska has about 16% of each of the main elements, that is, the total share of elements useful for plants is about 50%. This type of nitroammofoska can be used on all types of soils.

The next type of nitroammophoska with the composition: 8:24:24. This type of nitroammophos is used on soils where there is a deficiency of phosphorus and potassium. The fertilizer is ideal for winter crops, root crops and potatoes; it is often used in regions with a moisture deficit in the soil.

The following types of nitroammophoska: 21: 0.1: 21 and 17: 0.1: 28 - are used on soils with a deficiency of nitrogen and potassium, but with a sufficient amount of phosphorus.

Pros and cons of fertilizing with nitroammophos

Benefits of using nitroammophoska

  • The main plus is a very high concentration of substances necessary to stimulate plant growth, as well as increase their productivity. Relative to the total mass of fertilizer, the proportion of substances necessary for plants is 30%.
  • Nitroammofosk is extremely easy to dilute in water, which is its undoubted advantage.
  • Each granule of nitroammophoska has three essential substances - N, P and K.
  • It is excellently preserved and, when properly stored, retains its flowability.
  • Thanks to the use of nitroammophoska, the yield sometimes increases up to 70% (depending on the crop itself).

Disadvantages of using nitroammofoska

  • Along with the undoubted advantages, nitroammophoska has its own disadvantages. For example, not everyone likes that it is a chemical.
  • With an excessive dose of nitroammophoska, nitrates are guaranteed to accumulate in the soil, they penetrate into vegetables, roots, fruits and berries and negatively affect the human body.
  • Nitroammophoska is a flammable and explosive substance, therefore, you need to strictly monitor storage conditions and keep the nitroammophoska away from fire.

Rules for using nitroammophoska

Given the flammability and explosive properties, nitroammophoska can be stored at a temperature of no more than + 30 ° C. Premises built of brick or concrete should be chosen for conservation.

In order to prevent sticking of granules, storage humidity should be no higher than 50%.

When applying fertilizer, be sure to wear rubber gloves and a respirator.

Features of use at home

Nitroammofoska is used both before sowing or planting, and for growing crops. The best results are achieved on gray soils and chernozems, on sufficiently moist soil.

On heavy soils, it is better to apply nitroammofosk in autumn, on sandy soils - in spring.

Optimal dosages for different crops

In the autumn period, about 42 g per square meter should be applied for digging up the earth. When processing virgin lands, 50 g per square meter should be applied. Greenhouse soil requires 30 g per square meter.

Under tomato bushes

Influence on tomatoes - strengthening of shoots, acceleration of growth and ripening of tomatoes. Usually, nitroammofosk is applied under tomatoes four times. The first time is in the spring, a couple of weeks after the moment you planted the seedlings in the ground. At this time, a tablespoon of fertilizer must be dissolved in a bucket of water and consumed 0.5 liters for each plant.

The second feeding is carried out one month after the first. At this time, a tablespoon of nitroammofosku should be dissolved in a bucket of water and 0.5 kg of mullein added to the solution. Application rate - 0.6 l per plant.

The third feeding should be carried out when the third cluster of tomatoes begins to bloom. At this time, you need to dissolve a tablespoon of nitroammophoska and a tablespoon of sodium humate in a bucket of water. The norm is 1 liter per plant.

The fourth feeding should be carried out two weeks after the third with the same composition as the third at a consumption rate of 1.5 liters per plant.

Nitroammophoska is available in the form of milky pink granules
Nitroammophoska is available in the form of milky pink granules

Under potatoes

Together with the planting of tubers, you need to put a teaspoon of fertilizer and mix it with the soil. The introduction of nitroammofoska in this way will stimulate the growth of the potato root system, improve the growth of the vegetative mass of the plant. Watering the planted plants with a nitroammophoska solution is quite acceptable. In this case, it is necessary to dissolve 30 g of fertilizer in a bucket of water - this is the norm per square meter of soil.

Under cucumbers

They feed them a couple of times during the growing season. The first treatment is carried out before placing the seedlings of cucumbers in the ground, spending 30 g per 1m 2.

The second time the cucumbers are fed before the formation of the ovaries. During this period, 40 g of fertilizer are dissolved in a bucket of water. For each plant, 350 g of solution is consumed.

Under bell pepper

This crop is fed with fertilizer 14 days after placing the plants on the ground. For feeding, dissolve a tablespoon of nitroammophoska in a bucket of water - this is the norm per square meter of soil.

For oats and other crops

Rye, oats, wheat, corn and sunflower are loved at first when sowing these crops, and then in the middle of the season.

The calculation is carried out per hectare, for a number of crops their own rate, for example, wheat needs 170 kg of fertilizer per hectare; for rye, barley and oats - 150 kg, for sunflower - 180 kg, for corn - 200 kg.

In the middle of the season, sweet corn and varietal sunflowers growing in the home area are usually fed. The norm is two tablespoons of nitroammophoska per bucket of water per square meter of soil.

Garlic and other bulbous

Garlic is allowed to be fed both under the root and foliar feeding. The initial feeding is carried out 30 days after the formation of shoots. It is appropriate to fertilize winter garlic in April, spring garlic - in June. A tablespoon of nitroammophoska must be dissolved in a bucket of water, this is the norm per square meter of the area occupied by garlic.

If garlic plants are acutely lacking in nitrogen, which can be guessed by carefully looking at the feathers, which turn yellow with a lack of nitrogen, it is necessary to feed them by foliar feeding. This fertilizer must be dissolved in water in the amount of one tablespoon, then fill the solution into a sprayer and process the garlic feathers, moistening them as well as possible. Usually, after just a couple of days after such feeding, the effect is clearly visible.

Nitroammophos can be fertilized not only for garden crops, but also for garden crops
Nitroammophos can be fertilized not only for garden crops, but also for garden crops

For garden crops

This fertilizer is perfect both for providing the most important elements of fruit trees of different ages, and berry bushes.

The first application of this fertilizer must be carried out before planting seedlings of trees and shrubs. The amount of fertilization usually depends on the age of the seedling and its size. For example, under one-year-olds, about 150 g of nitroammofoska should be added to the planting hole, mixed well with the soil so that the roots of the seedling do not come into contact with the fertilizer. For two-year seedlings of fruit crops, 200 g of fertilizer should be applied, and for seedlings of shrubs that are not large in size, 100 g of this fertilizer will be enough.

Plants respond well to the introduction of nitroammofoska at the end of flowering. At this time, 50 g of nitroammofoska, previously diluted in a bucket of water, are introduced under the fruit trees. For large trees older than seven years of age, this amount of fertilizer can be tripled.

After flowering, raspberries also need to be fed with nitroammophos, adding about 40 g of it in the form of a solution (in a bucket of water per square meter of soil). For currants and gooseberries, 30 g of fertilizer, also dissolved in the same volume of water, is enough.

If during the growing season there is a weakening of growth activity in plants, then it is permissible to carry out foliar feeding with nitroammophos. It is advisable to carry it out no later than mid-summer, you need to dissolve 2-3 tablespoons of fertilizer in a bucket of water and in the evening well moisten the entire aerial part of the plants with this solution.

Nitroammofoska helps grapes quite well. Under the bush in spring time, about two tablespoons of nitroammophoska, previously dissolved in 10 liters of water, are introduced, and after flowering, foliar feeding is carried out by dissolving a tablespoon in a bucket of water and spraying the plants with this composition, wetting the entire aboveground mass.

Under the flowers

All the most important elements that nitroammophoska contains are essential for flower crops. Thanks to nitroammofosk, you can achieve lush and long flowering.

The very first top dressing with this fertilizer can be carried out after a couple of weeks from the emergence of seedlings above the soil surface. Both annual flower crops and perennials need to be fed with nitroammophos dissolved in 10 liters of water in the amount of 30 g for each square meter occupied by flowers.

The flowers can be re-fed during the bud formation period by increasing the amount of nitroammophoska dissolved in a bucket of water up to 40 g per square meter of soil under the flowers.

The third time, in order to extend the flowering period, the flowers can be fed at the height of flowering by dissolving 50 g of nitroammophoska in a bucket of water and watering a square meter of soil occupied by flowers with this solution.

Necessary nitroammophoska and home flowers, here you can get by with one foliar dressing in the spring, dissolving two tablespoons of nitroammophoska in a bucket of water and well moistening the aboveground mass.

Conclusion. As you can see, nitroammofoska is an excellent universal fertilizer that is necessary for fruit, berry and flower crops. Of course, like any other fertilizer, nitroammophoska must be used at the optimal time and in the optimal amount - we have understood all this. If you do everything correctly, then neither the plants nor yourself can be harmed.

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