We Grow Celery. Planting And Leaving. Photo

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We Grow Celery. Planting And Leaving. Photo
We Grow Celery. Planting And Leaving. Photo
Video: We Grow Celery. Planting And Leaving. Photo
Video: How to Grow Celery - Complete Growing Guide 2023, February
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Celery is the most valuable food product and remedy. Its roots and leaves contain the amino acids asparagine, tyrosine, carotene, nicotinic acid, trace elements, essential oils (up to 10 in roots, up to 30 mg /% in leaves). All parts of the plant stimulate the appetite. Celery is rich in vitamins - B vitamins (thiamin, riboflavin), vitamin K, E, provitamin A and ascorbic acid. In addition to minerals, celery contains the glycoside apiin, choline, protein, etc. Apiol gives celery a specific taste. In general, if you have your own vegetable garden, it would be a sin not to grow celery. All the secrets of its cultivation are in this article.

Celery in the garden
Celery in the garden

Content:

  • Preparing the soil for celery
  • Sowing celery seeds for seedlings
  • Planting seedlings in open ground
  • Celery care
  • Diseases to pests
  • Useful properties of celery

Preparing the soil for celery

Propagated by celery seeds with direct sowing in the ground or seedlings. The best predecessors are cabbage, cucumbers, potatoes.

The main tillage includes stubble plowing and deep main plowing. After harvesting the early predecessors in summer and autumn, the soil is cultivated in an improved or semi-steam way. It includes two peeling and main plowing to a depth of 27-30 cm.

Organic and mineral fertilizers are applied for plowing. When growing root celery, organic fertilizers are applied under the previous culture. The dose of nitrogen, phosphorus and potash fertilizers is 100-120 kg / ha. Spring tillage includes harrowing, leveling and presowing cultivation with simultaneous packing.

Sowing celery seeds for seedlings

Small seeds of this culture are not embedded in the soil, since they germinate in the light, they are only slightly pressed to the surface. Containers with celery crops are covered with glass or plastic wrap and placed in a warm place (20-25 ° C).

Celery grows slowly: shoots appear in 10–20 days. All this time, the earth must be constantly wet, it is either sprayed or watered through a pallet.

After the emergence of celery shoots, the container is placed in a cool place (14-16 ° C). When two or three leaves are formed, the seedlings are thinned out or dived, planting in boxes at a distance of 4–5 cm.

Celery seedlings are watered as needed and fed with complex fertilizer.

Planting seedlings in open ground

Celery seedlings are planted in open ground in the second half of May. This culture is quite cold-resistant, the seedlings can withstand frosts down to –5 ° С. However, long cold weather in May (below + 10 ° C) can lead to the formation of a peduncle in the first year of life (celery is a biennial). Then neither good petioles, let alone root crops, will be obtained. The optimum temperature for the growth and development of celery is 18–22 ° С.

Soils, this culture prefers light, sandy loam, loose and fertile with a neutral or slightly alkaline reaction. The best predecessors are cabbage, tomatoes, legumes, cucumbers and potatoes. You can not plant celery in the beds, where before that other umbrella grew: carrots, parsley, parsnips, dill.

The soil is prepared in the fall: dug to a depth of 20-30 cm, add 3-4 kg of humus or compost and 20-30 g of double superphosphate per 1 sq. m, and in the spring - 30-40 g of complex mineral fertilizer.

Celery seedlings are planted at a distance of about 10 cm with row spacing of 40-50 cm.

Celery greens
Celery greens

Celery care

Watering

Celery is a very moisture-loving culture, so watering should be regular and abundant (up to 5 liters per 1 sq. M). The earth around is loosened and weeded.

Thinning

As the plantings grow, they are thinned out, removing the weakest plants. The final distance between plants should be 15–20 cm for leaf and petiole celery and 25–40 cm (depending on the variety) for root celery.

Top dressing

They are fed twice a season: two weeks after disembarkation and three weeks later. Potassium should prevail in the dressing of root celery, and nitrogen and potassium in equal proportions for leaf celery.

Whitening Celery Root

Petiole celery is bleached. To do this, petioles are spud with earth 2-3 weeks before harvesting. As a result, the petioles become not only lighter, but also much tastier, the bitterness disappears.

Harvesting

The leafy celery greens are cut as needed. In the fall, before freezing, it is cut off completely, frozen or dried. The stalked celery is harvested in September. Root crops are dug up selectively at first, starting in September, and completely in October. The greens are cut and the tubers are stored at 2–5 ° C.

The dug up roots can be planted in containers and grown greens throughout the winter.

Diseases and pests

Celery is affected by various diseases caused by fungi, bacteria and viruses, mainly in the first year of culture, as well as during storage.

The most common spot of celery leaves. Yellow-brown spots appear on the leaves. The affected leaves darken and become covered with an ash-gray bloom. This disease is transmitted by seeds, so it is recommended to pickle them in a warm formalin solution (1: 300), immerse them in the solution for 30 minutes and then hold them for three hours at room temperature under burlap.

Late rot affects celery leaves and stalks. First, light brown spots appear, then black fruiting bodies form on the affected areas. The fungus that hibernates on dead plant parts is transmitted by seeds. The disease appears on plants already in the seedling period. It is recommended to spray young plants with a solution of copper sulfate (0.5 kg of copper sulfate is dissolved in 100 liters of water, the solution is neutralized with soda). Spraying celery is carried out in wet weather and repeated after 2-3 weeks. Adult plants cannot be sprayed.

Bacterial rot appears as reddish-brown sores on celery leaves. This disease is common in high humidity conditions and also appears with thickened planting. It is necessary to remove diseased plants and thoroughly clean the area.

During storage, celery root crops are affected by sclerotinia. To prevent the spread of various putrefactive microorganisms, it is necessary to ventilate the storage and maintain the temperature at about 0.5 ° C.

Celery is sometimes damaged by a carrot fly. Its larvae make moves in root crops, which is why they deteriorate during storage. When this pest appears, young plants are dusted with hexachlorane dust.

Useful properties of celery

The health benefits of celery are incalculable. Celery slows down the aging process, as the unique set of proteins, vitamins, acids and minerals it contains ensures the stability of the body cells.

Celery root
Celery root

Celery has soothing properties - celery is used to treat nervous breakdowns that result from overwork. The essential oil found in the roots and stems of celery stimulates the secretion of gastric juice. Celery is included in the menu of patients with diabetes. It improves water-salt metabolism, therefore it is especially recommended for the elderly.

Celery preparations are used to regulate the activity of the liver and kidneys, and enhance sexual function. They are also used as sleeping pills, analgesics, wound healing agents, a medicine for obesity, for the prevention of atherosclerosis, normalization of metabolism, as antiallergic. Celery juice is used for the treatment of urolithiasis, for gastrointestinal diseases, as a remedy for allergies, diathesis, urticaria, etc.

Regular consumption of celery juice purifies the blood and helps to get rid of many skin diseases (for greater efficiency, it is recommended to mix celery juice with nettle and dandelion juices). If you skip fresh celery through a meat grinder and mix it in equal proportions with ghee, you get a remedy that can heal any wounds, ulcers, burns and inflammations.

Do you grow celery on your site? Share your experience in the comments to the article or on our Forum.

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