Composting Is Easy. How To Compost Correctly? Photo

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Composting Is Easy. How To Compost Correctly? Photo
Composting Is Easy. How To Compost Correctly? Photo

Video: Composting Is Easy. How To Compost Correctly? Photo

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Video: How To Make Compost At Home (WITH FULL UPDATES) 2023, January
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Compost is an amazing recycling solution. In what other cases can we take what counts as trash - banana peels, apple cores, fallen leaves, weeds, pet bedding - and turn it into something useful that can transform our garden and garden beds? This is truly amazing! And while there are a few rules for composting, rest assured that you won't have any difficulty in following them. And even if you make some "mistakes" - the compost will still work out.

Composting made easy
Composting made easy

Content:

  • Drawer, pile or tumbler punch?
  • What to compost?
  • How do I keep my compost pile or bin in good condition?
  • Using your compost

Drawer, pile or tumbler punch?

The first thing you need to decide is where your compost will be stored. Much depends on the nature of your garden and what you think will be the best size and aesthetics. A large garden will likely need at least one large pile, while a small garden can use a small toggle switch or other compact composting solution. In general, there are several factors to consider:

  • How much garbage will you compost? If you have a large garden and yard that generates a huge amount of organic waste (cut grass, leaves, tree branches, etc.), then you need a large enough container to process them. If your yard primarily produces only wilted flowers and weeds, and you have a relatively small lawn (or use a composting lawn mower), then a more compact box, bucket, or tumbler might be the best choice.
  • The aesthetic side of the issue. You may not want the compost pile to be constantly in front of your eyes. Why not place a compost bin behind your garage or other building? If you cannot do this, and you still don’t like the look of the compost heap without a container, then you can buy a special box, or fence off the compost area with some kind of decorative device.
  • How much compost can you mix? To compost and speed up the decomposition of organic waste, you need to mix them periodically. If this is difficult for you, give preference to a tumbler (composter), a special box with the possibility of convenient mixing, or opt for composting with worms.

Whichever you choose, the compost area should be positioned so that you can easily access it. It is highly desirable that it is located in a place with periodic natural light (the more sunlight hits the compost, the faster the compost decomposes).

The compost area should be located so that you can easily access it
The compost area should be located so that you can easily access it

What to compost?

In fact, it can be any plant material. If something was once a plant, then it is good for composting. And this automatically excludes from consideration meat, bones and dairy products that should not be composted under any circumstances. They can harbor bacteria and spread pests.

All ingredients that can potentially be composted fall into two groups: "green" and "brown". Greens are rich in nitrogen, contain more moisture and degrade faster. Brownies are saturated with carbon, contain less moisture, and decompose slowly.

Greens include vegetable waste, grass cuttings, weeds, coffee grounds, manure and eggshells.

The “brown” ones are fallen leaves, straw, shredded newspapers, toilet paper rolls, twigs and sawdust.

In theory, these two types of waste should be placed in layers in the compost heap (as is often shown in magazine articles). But hardly anyone has at their disposal mountains of fallen leaves, mown grass and vegetable waste, which simply lie waiting to be piled into a compost heap in beautiful even layers. A simpler and more rational approach is to add such waste to the compost as it emerges and accumulates. At the same time, it is necessary to periodically ventilate and mix the compost heap, mixing "green" and "brown" waste with each other.

About the ratio of "green" and "brown"

Oh yes, where do we go from these relationships. If you are obsessed with the idea of ​​getting ready compost as quickly as possible, then you need to pay attention to the ratio of green to brown waste in your compost heap. This ratio should be approximately 30 parts "brown" to 1 part "green".

The average garden produces much more green waste than brown waste. Therefore, if it is not so important for you to get the compost ready in the shortest possible time, then simply add plant waste to it as soon as they appear. If you find that your compost pile is too wet and decomposes very slowly, add something that is rich in carbon: fallen leaves, pieces of torn newspaper. In any case, don't worry - the compost will still work!

Any plant material can be composted
Any plant material can be composted

How do I keep my compost pile or bin in good condition?

The most important thing in maintaining compost is to systematically stir it and monitor the moisture level, trying to keep it at an optimal level.

You can organize mixing of the compost in any way convenient for you. If you install a toggle switch (composter), then let it just do its job and rotate every day - no additional effort is needed from you in this case.

If your compost sits in a pile or bin, there are several ways to do it. For example, you can take a shovel or garden pitchfork about once a week to turn the entire compost pile. This allows aeration of the compost and mixes the contents really well. If you have a strong back and you want to get results faster, then this method will be the best solution for you.

But if the idea of ​​flipping the entire compost pile does not make you very enthusiastic, you can do without it. Just stick your garden forks into the compost as deep as you can and then do a few back-and-forth strokes with them. This allows more air to enter the compost and accelerates the decomposition of organic waste. You won't get compost as quickly as with the previous method, but if you want to keep your back healthy, this is a perfectly acceptable option.

The second aspect of keeping the compost in good condition involves maintaining optimal moisture content in it. It should be like a wrung-out sponge: on the one hand, it is definitely wet, but on the other, not so much that additional liquid can be squeezed out of it. Waterlogged compost will spread an unpleasant odor, but too dry will not decompose.

If you find your compost is too wet, add shredded newspapers or fallen leaves to it. Such "brown" waste is able to pick up excess moisture from the heap. Do not add green trash to it for a while: until the humidity returns to normal. If rain is causing the compost to become waterlogged, cover it with a tarp.

If your compost pile gets too dry, spray it with water using a hose or watering can. You can pour water over the top of the compost so that it seeps in and moistens the contents in the center of the pile.

Using your compost

Once the compost is ready (it should look and smell like dark, nutrient-dense soil), you can use it in your garden, lawn, pot and tub plants, and as an ingredient in seed mix. Overusing compost in your garden is almost impossible, so feel free to light your compost obsession!

Colin Venderlinden, " How to make compost".

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