Stevia, Or Honey Herb. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Benefit And Harm. Photo

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Stevia, Or Honey Herb. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Benefit And Harm. Photo
Stevia, Or Honey Herb. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Benefit And Harm. Photo

Video: Stevia, Or Honey Herb. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Benefit And Harm. Photo

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Video: Stevia Plant (Hindi) - How To Grow and Care Stevia Plant at Home - Health Benefits of Stevia Plant 2023, February
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Stevia is a perennial herb from the Asteraceae family, the leaves of which contain a glucoside (stevioside), it is 300 times sweeter than sucrose. This sugar substitute is good for everyone, especially those with diabetes and obesity. It is no coincidence that the plant that came to us from South America (Paraguay) is sought by many gardeners. But the idea of ​​stevia agricultural technology is not correct for everyone.

Stevia honey (Stevia rebaudiana)
Stevia honey (Stevia rebaudiana)

Content:

  • Growing stevia from seeds
  • Propagation of stevia by cuttings
  • Benefits of stevia
  • The myth about the dangers of stevia

Growing stevia from seeds

The optimum soil and air temperature for the growth and development of honey stevia is 15..30 ° C warm.

In our country, stevia is preferable to grow as an annual plant. First, seedlings are prepared (seeds are sown until mid-May), then two-month-old plants are planted in a greenhouse. However, I prefer to sow stevia straight away in a permanent place - in pots. There should be a hole in the bottom of the pot, in addition, I put down the containers with a layer of 3 cm of gravel, then sand. I make up the soil for stevia from garden soil and humus or low-lying peat (3: 1), pH 5.6-6.9 (neutral).

Stevia honey
Stevia honey

Stevia seeds are very small, 4 mm long, 0.5 mm wide. Therefore, I do not close them up, but simply spread them over the surface of the moistened soil, then water them with water. I cover the inoculated pots with a transparent glass jar, plastic bottle or foil and put them in the heat (20..25 ° C). Under these conditions, stevia rises in 5 days. I keep the seedlings in the light, but under the jar. After 1.5 months after germination, I gradually remove the jar for a while, during the week I teach the plants to live without shelter. I transfer the fortified seedlings without shelter to a windowsill lit by the sun.

After I remove the shelters from the plants, I make sure that the soil does not dry out (it should always be very wet). To keep the air humid, I spray the plants with water at room temperature two or three times a day. When the plants grow up, I transfer the pots to the greenhouse. Starting from the second month after the emergence of stevia shoots, I feed them every two weeks, alternating mineral and organic fertilizers. Consumption for 10 liters: 10 g of 34% ammonium nitrate and 40% potassium salt, 20 g of double superphosphate. I breed mullein in a ratio of 1:10. By autumn, the plants reach 60-80 cm.

Rooting stevia cuttings
Rooting stevia cuttings

Propagation of stevia by cuttings

If I can't buy fresh seeds, then I definitely leave a few pots with stevia for the winter, which I keep at home and use as mother plants for cutting green cuttings.

A green stalk is part of a young shoot with buds and leaves. I harvest them from well-developed, healthy stevia plants that are at least two months old. The best time for cutting cuttings is from mid-May to early June.

I cut the shoots so that a stump with two to four leaves remains on the mother plant of the stevia. Then from the buds located in the axils of the leaves, by the fall 2-4 stems up to 60-80 cm long grow, the leaves of which can be used for food.

For rooting, a green stevia stalk must have three to five internodes, of which the upper ones with leaves, and the lower ones without them. I root stevia cuttings in a glass or enamel container with water or 1% sugar solution (one teaspoon per 1 liter of water). I close the jar with black material so that the rays of the sun do not fall into it: cuttings root better in the dark. I put cardboard with holes on top of the can, into which I put the cuttings so that the lower internode without leaves is immersed in water, and the leaves do not touch it and remain in the air. I cover the cuttings with a larger transparent jar or part of a plastic bottle.

I change the water after 3 days, and for better rooting, I spray the stevia leaves with water or 1% sugar solution three times a day. At a temperature of 18 … 25 ° C, the roots grow back in a week. And when they reach 5-8 cm (after two weeks), I plant the stevia in a garden bed in a greenhouse or in pots and keep the seedlings under a film for a week. The soil must be moist before the cuttings take root.

Mature plants accumulate glycoside in the sun. However, young stevia and unrooted cuttings die under its rays. Therefore, I shade the bed with gauze or other material. I use soil and care for rooted stevia as well as for grown from seed. I water it as needed, but at least once a week. 3 months after the rooting of green cuttings, stevia shoots reach a length of 60-80 cm.

Pour boiling water on fresh and dried in the shade leaves of stevia and leave for 2-3 hours. I use the infusion to prepare compotes, coffee, cereals, and confectionery.

Stevia honey
Stevia honey

Benefits of stevia

Stevia leaves are 300 times sweeter than sugar and contain more than 50 substances useful for the human body: mineral salts (calcium, magnesium, potassium, phosphorus, zinc, iron, cobalt, manganese); vitamins P, A, E, C; beta-carotene, amino acids, essential oils, pectins.

The uniqueness of stevia lies in the combination of vitamins and minerals with high sweetness and low calorie content. Therefore, drinks and foods with stevia are used to control body weight, with diabetes.

It is widely used as a sweetener in Japan, and in the USA and Canada it is used as a food additive. Medical research shows good results in the use of stevia for the treatment of obesity and hypertension.

The myth about the dangers of stevia

Often on the Internet, there is a study from 1985, claiming that steviosides and rebaudiosides (contained in stevia) allegedly cause mutations and, as a result, are carcinogenic.

However, there have been many detailed and comprehensive studies that do not support this statement. In particular, in 2006, the World Health Organization (WHO) conducted a comprehensive assessment of experimental studies conducted on animals and humans, and made the following conclusion: "steviosides and rebaudiosides are non-genotoxic, the genotoxicity of steviol and some of its oxidizing derivatives has not been found in vivo" …

The report also found no evidence of carcinogenicity of the product. The report also said beneficial properties: "Stevioside has shown a certain pharmacological effect in patients with hypertension and in those with type 2 diabetes."

Used material on the cultivation of stevia: G. Vorobyova

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