Cedar. Siberian Pine. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Ornamental, Evergreen Trees. Garden Plants. Useful Properties, Application. A Photo

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Cedar. Siberian Pine. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Ornamental, Evergreen Trees. Garden Plants. Useful Properties, Application. A Photo
Cedar. Siberian Pine. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Ornamental, Evergreen Trees. Garden Plants. Useful Properties, Application. A Photo

Video: Cedar. Siberian Pine. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Ornamental, Evergreen Trees. Garden Plants. Useful Properties, Application. A Photo

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Video: Cedar Tree Growing Conditions 2023, February
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Siberian cedar (the correct botanical name is Siberian cedar pine) is an evergreen coniferous tree. This truly amazing plant has absorbed, it seems, all imaginable useful qualities: decorativeness and healing properties, winter hardiness and longevity.

The main wealth of the Siberian cedar is its nuts. Collected near Leningrad, they contained 61% fat, 20% protein, 12% carbohydrates. Note that these are nuts grown in the northwest of the country, where the weather is capricious. Nuts are delicious, nutritious and healing. Even Academician PS Pallas wrote 200 years ago: “In Switzerland, pine nuts are used in pharmacies; milk is made from them, which is prescribed for breast ailments … they claim that they were used with benefit by consumptive people."

Siberian cedar pines (Latin Pinus sibirica)
Siberian cedar pines (Latin Pinus sibirica)

Pine nuts contain vitamin A (growth vitamin), B vitamins (anti-neurotic), which improve cardiac activity and are generally necessary for the normal functioning of the nervous system. They contain especially a lot of vitamin E (tocopherol, which in Greek means “I bear offspring”). It is not for nothing that in years of good harvests of cedar, the fertility of sable and squirrels significantly increases. Doctors say that pine nuts contain substances that improve blood composition, prevent tuberculosis, anemia.

Cedar resin - resin - has embalming properties. For a long time, the inhabitants of Siberia and the Urals have used it to treat purulent wounds, cuts, burns. During the Great Patriotic War, cedar resin was successfully used in hospitals to treat wounded soldiers. She protected wounds from infection, stopped gangrenous processes.

Siberian cedar pine (Latin Pinus sibirica)
Siberian cedar pine (Latin Pinus sibirica)

The needles are rich in vitamin C, carotene. It contains a lot of calcium, potassium, phosphorus, manganese, iron, copper, cobalt.

Cedar wood is also valuable. Since it is bactericidal, moths will not start in cabinets made of cedar wood. Wood is used for the manufacture of about 10 thousand different products (pencil sticks, battery veneer, furniture, musical instruments).

The tree is beautiful with its green attire at any time of the year. The antimicrobial properties of cedar forests are also high. The air in his plantings is practically sterile.

Siberian cedar pine (Latin Pinus sibirica)
Siberian cedar pine (Latin Pinus sibirica)

Siberian cedar has long been bred in our country. The cedars planted in the Moscow region, near Leningrad, Yaroslavl are growing successfully; some of them are more than 100-200 years old, they successfully bloom, bear fruit and give mature seeds even in the Arctic. Many cedars have been planted by amateur gardeners in their private plots and collective gardens.

When breeding Siberian cedar, it must be borne in mind that it cannot grow on dry sandy places, but prefers sandy loam or loamy moist fertile soils.

Young cones of Siberian cedar pine on a branch
Young cones of Siberian cedar pine on a branch

It is propagated vegetatively, by grafting a cuttings onto Scots pine, but mainly by seeds. When tender, still immature seedlings are just knocked out of the soil, they are immediately pecked by birds (mainly crows). Therefore, the plants have to be grown under plastic wrap.

Good results are obtained when sowing seeds in autumn. To do this, in late September - early October, that is, a month before the soil freezes, seeds are sown in prepared ridges and covered with spruce branches to protect them from murine rodents. And in the spring of next year, the seeds give amicable shoots.

When sowing in spring, the seeds of the Siberian cedar require mandatory stratification. To do this, they are soaked in warm water (25-30 ° C) for 4-6 days. The water is changed every 1-2 days. Then the seeds are mixed with well-washed river sand or peat chips and kept at room temperature. The mixture is periodically stirred and moistened. With this stratification, the seeds are pecked after 50-60 days. Naked seeds are brought out into the cold and stored until sowing at a temperature close to 0 ° C.

Siberian pine seedlings
Siberian pine seedlings

Spring sowing is carried out in late April - early May (depending on weather conditions). On 1 m 2, you can sow from 50 to 300 g of seeds. The depth of their embedding is 3-4 cm. The plastic film that protects seeds and seedlings from birds is removed only after the shells have fallen from the emerging seedlings.

With thickened crops, seedlings dive. As soon as sprouts appear in the form of a bent knee, they are dug up, sorted, the roots are trimmed and planted under a peg on the ridges to the same depth at which they were. The planting scheme is 20X20 cm or 20X10 cm. You can dive seedlings in the second year after germination. Subject to agricultural techniques, the survival rate of cedar seedlings after a pick is very high - up to 95%. In 2-3 years after picking, a good planting material with a developed root system is obtained, which contributes to better survival of seedlings after transplanting to a permanent place.

Young Siberian cedar pines in the planted grove of Koryazhma
Young Siberian cedar pines in the planted grove of Koryazhma

Plant Siberian Cedar. It deserves to be bred in the central regions of the European part of the Russian Federation and in the northwest.

Materials used:

M. Ignatenko, Candidate of Biological Sciences, Honored Forester of the RSFSR

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