Table of contents:
- Syngonanthus - graphic in absolute embodiment
- Syngonanthus care at home
- Syngonanthus diseases and pests
- Reproduction of syngonanthus
Video: Syngonanthus Is An Ultra-modern Indoor Cereal. Growing And Caring At Home. Photo
The variety of indoor plants is so great that it would seem that it is no longer possible to surprise with new plant species. But the active expansion of their assortment with new ornamental grasses, which are finally appreciated as excellent candidates for indoor culture, replenishes the list of available options with completely unexpected shapes and textures, plants so original that they seem to be artificial decor. Perfectly straight lines and absolute graphics inherent in the curtains of this plant are unique. And when flowering begins, the syngonanthuses completely turn into an unearthly sight.
Syngonanthus - graphic in absolute embodiment
Syngonanthus (Syngonanthus) - representative of the family of ornamental grasses or Sherstestebelnikovyh eriocaulaceae (Eriocaulaceae). This plant is found in southern Africa, South America, and Japan. In nature, the species diversity of syngonanthus is determined by 80 species, most of which are protected as endangered plants. For unusual inflorescences and perfectly straight lines of peduncles they are often nicknamed "hat pins".
Syngonanthus is a unique plant in terms of its representation. Until recently, not one single species was grown as a houseplant, but one single cultivar of this plant - Mikado. Most often, even in the description, it is simply indicated as Singonanthus Mikado without mentioning the specific name, although this variety belongs to the Golden- flowered Singonanthus(Syngonanthus chrysanthus). And accordingly, the correct Latin name for this unique plant is Syngonanthus chrysanthus cv. Mikado, not just Syngonanthus Mikado. The growth of interest in Syngonanthus, which is quite difficult to pass by, slightly expanded this representation and occasionally individual species of plants began to appear on sale - Syngonanthus golden-flowered, and three varieties with excellent color of greenery and inflorescences - Silver, Gold and Orange, but remains affordable and popular there is only one plant variety, incomparable in its beauty, and often under a different name all the same is hidden - "Mikado".
Like any cereal, syngonanthus develops in the form of a dense tussock - a "bundle" of herbaceous, long, narrow lanceolate leaves. But in syngonanthus, the leaves are so dense that they retain their ideal evenness even along the edges of the curtain. they are spread radially in an almost perfectly symmetrical, strictly hemispherical sod with a height of 10 to 25 cm, they seem to be a graphic miracle created by a designer, not nature.
The flowering of syngonanthus continues for almost the entire period of active growing season, the plant produces 20 to 50 peduncles from the center of the outlet. Delightfully high and perfectly even "sticks" of inflorescences, the color tone of which exactly repeats the color of the leaves in the turf, more than 2 times the height of the syngonanthus leaves. And they are crowned with bizarre and atypical for cereals with inflorescences-buttons - basket inflorescences about 1-2 cm in diameter with tubular golden flowers. Outwardly flat flowers evoke associations either with classical dried flowers, or with the center of daisies, as if they suddenly lost all their reed petals. The shape of the buttons of the syngonanthus inflorescence is retained until the flower blooms and miniature reed petals of a cream-colored corolla appear, similar to a paper wrapper.This plant has a very limited color palette: golden yellow flowers and creamy petals - that's all the variations. But the way these colors are in harmony with the dark and rich color of the greenery of the syngonanthus is just a small miracle. Each inflorescence stays on the plant for about 6 weeks.
Syngonanthus care at home
When deciding to buy syngonanthus, it should be borne in mind that this is not the most durable cereal. The plant maintains a vigorous flowering for a long time and the impeccable beauty of the sod for several years, after which it must be replaced with a new one.
Syngonanthus plants are not for everyone. When you see them for the first time, you are drawn to replenish the collection with a bizarre unearthly cereal. But it is worth deciding to grow syngonanthus only after meeting its requirements. This plant is very sensitive, needs specific care and constant monitoring of the growing environment. It is suitable for experienced, not novice florists. Any deviations in temperature, lighting, watering, feeding and even in air humidity can be detrimental to the syngonanthus.
Lighting for syngonanthus
This cereal is a light-loving plant that will rapidly lose its decorative effect even in light shade. The plant can be displayed both in sunny areas and in diffused bright lighting. In summer, the turf must be protected from midday rays to prevent loss of leaf color. In winter, it is advisable to increase the lighting or provide artificial lighting to the syngonanthus.
Syngonanthuses feel great in normal room temperatures, they are not afraid even of heat, provided they maintain a stable air humidity. During the active growing season of the syngonanthus, the most comfortable temperatures are from 21 to 25 degrees Celsius. In winter, it is advisable for them to lower the temperature by at least a few degrees to fully prepare for flowering next year (but at the same time, it is still impossible to allow a fall below 16 degrees). The optimum temperature is 16-18 degrees.
Subject to reliable protection from precipitation, syngonanthus can be exposed to the open air for the summer. The plant is afraid of drafts at any time of the year. It can only be placed in protected locations.
Watering and air humidity
Syngonanthuses are very sensitive to both the quality of the irrigation water and the moisture of the substrate. They can only be watered with soft, preferably rain or boiled water. Watering the syngonanthus is carried out in such a way as to maintain uniform light soil moisture, without hesitation towards waterlogging or drying out of the soil. Watering is carried out as soon as the uppermost (1-2 cm) layer of the substrate dries up. The standard frequency of treatments is 3 times a week in summer. The water is drained from the pallets immediately after watering. In winter, soil moisture is reduced, also controlling the degree of soil drying in the upper layer, but waiting 1-2 extra days before the next watering (the soil should dry out to a depth of 4-5 cm).
Syngonanthus can be watered both in the classical way and by the bottom watering method. The last option is simpler, since in no case should the rosette of leaves be soaked in the plant, even small drops of water should be allowed to enter the base of the sod of the syngonanthus.
Syngonanthuses, unlike most cereals, are big lovers of a humid environment. These delightful plants need to maintain at least 50% humidity (optimal 75%). Any type of humidifier can be installed for the plant, but it is undesirable to introduce spraying even with extreme caution: wetting the leaves can lead to the spread of fungal diseases and rapid death. Syngonanthus grows well in both humid florariums and paludariums.
Top dressing for syngonanthus
For a great grain, a universal fertilizer with basic macro- and microelements or a fertilizer for rhododendrons with a high iron content is suitable. Fertilizers for syngonanthus are applied only from May to September, with a standard frequency of 1 procedure per week, but reducing the dosage recommended by the manufacturer by 2-3 times.
Syngonanthus transplant and substrate
This cereal does not need a transplant. Syngonanthus are grown in the same container in which they bought the plant until it begins to lose its decorative effect and degenerate. Then the cereal is simply thrown away. The reason for this caution is very simple: the syngonanthus is not only afraid of root trauma and any "anxiety", but almost never experiences a transplant at all. Therefore, it must be grown in the same pot as long as the plant itself will last. If you want to change the style of the container, simply use the double-pot growing strategy and place a small syngonanthus planter in your desired outdoor without replanting.
If you are faced with any special circumstances, you want to try to save this cereal, then try very carefully transfer it into acidic soil with a pH of about 4-4.5 soil with a light breathable texture, prepared on the basis of peat and leafy soil with gravel, roots ferns, bark or in a special soil for rhododendrons and heathers. For syngonanthuses, a very high drainage layer is laid (one third of the capacity). The plant is grown in compact pots (usually standard containers with a diameter of 11 cm with a slightly higher height are chosen).
Syngonanthus diseases and pests
Indoor pests are practically not found on syngonanthus; the plant can only be threatened by aphids when it spreads throughout the collection. But diseases, especially fungal ones, are not so rare. They can spread with any waterlogging and wetting of the leaves or the base of the sod.
Common problems in growing syngonanthus:
- the appearance of brown spots on greenery when the leaves of syngonanthus become wet or wet;
- growth arrest when irrigated with hard water;
- loss of leaf turgor, leaf curling, loss of leaves and buds in an uncomfortable environment.
Reproduction of syngonanthus
The main breeding method for this cereal is growing from seeds. Syngonanthuses do not propagate vegetatively: unlike garden grasses, the separation of curtains will not lead to rejuvenation. But the seed method is not for home use either. Syngonanthus is grown from seeds using orchid technology, in test tubes. This is a very complex process that can only be done by professional florists and greenhouses with specialized equipment. So the only way to get this plant is to buy it already grown.