Video: Magic Fruit. Exotic Indoor Plants. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Decorative Deciduous. A Photo
Have you ever wondered how much we are surrounded by in nature, unique, unusual, magical? There are amazing animals, extraordinary plants, and nature itself, despite all the scientific and technological progress, is still incomprehensible.
One such natural wonder is the Magic Fruit. The appearance of this plant is unremarkable. The magic fruit, or wonderful berries, or sweetish path (Synsepalum dulcificum) is a fruit tree and belongs to the Sapotaceae family. The tropics of West Africa are considered the homeland of the plant. It grows as an evergreen tree or shrub. The height of the tree can reach 5.5 meters. The dark green leaves are elongated.
The most amazing thing about this plant is the berries. Because of its wondrous berries, the Magic Fruit (Synsepalum dulcificum) is most often called Miracle fruit, or Miracle berry, which translates as "Miracle berry". “What is so extraordinary about them? ", You say. Small red berries, only 2-3 centimeters long, oblong in shape, as such, do not have a pronounced taste, amaze with their effect on human taste buds: berries extremely weaken the sensitivity of the papillae of the tongue, which are responsible for recognizing acid. Therefore, it is enough to eat a few wonderful berries, and all subsequent food (sour, salty and even stale) will seem pleasant and sweet.
Anyone who has tasted the fruits of this tree says that even a lemon, which after the wonderful berries was eaten in one fell swoop, seems sweet, and the acid inherent in lemon is not felt at all. The effect lasts a little over an hour.
© Forest & Kim Starr
The aborigines of tropical West Africa (Ghana-Congo) widely use this miracle berry: both to give a sweet taste to palm wine and to drown out the taste of stale food.
For the first time, the civilized world learned about the Magic Fruit (Synsepalum dulcificum) from Fairchild D., who published in New York in 1930 the book "Exploring for Plants" ("Research of Plants"). But until now, unfortunately, this tree with its amazing fruits is little cultivated outside its homeland, and the miracle berry has not received mass distribution. Why? Probably due to the difficulty of observing all the conditions that are necessary for its growth and fruiting: the plant is very fond of light, warm and humid air, but does not tolerate even a slight stagnation of water; It is advisable to sow seeds immediately after separating them from the pulp, since with each subsequent day, such quality of seeds as germination is quickly lost. In addition, outside of its homeland, the tree grows slowly: in the first year it grows only 5-7 centimeters,in 4 years it reaches only half a meter, in general, the maximum height of a mature tree (shrub) is 1.5 meters.
In my opinion, a careful study of the properties of the Magic Fruit plant (Synsepalum dulcificum) and its further widespread cultivation both in West Africa and beyond, would help to use the miracle fruits for the benefit of humanity: both for people suffering from diabetes mellitus and for people who follow all kinds of diets, because, in the words of the American dendrologist E. Menninger: "According to chemists, the sweetness produced by the miraculous fruit is" more desirable "than any other known natural or synthetic sweetener."