The Pachypodium Is A Succulent With The Appearance Of A Palm Tree. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Kinds. Photo

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The Pachypodium Is A Succulent With The Appearance Of A Palm Tree. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Kinds. Photo
The Pachypodium Is A Succulent With The Appearance Of A Palm Tree. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Kinds. Photo

Video: The Pachypodium Is A Succulent With The Appearance Of A Palm Tree. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Kinds. Photo

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Video: How to cut your Pachypodium- Madagascar Palm Tree 2023, January
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The assortment of succulents today is not limited to cacti and money trees. Exotic species are attracting more and more attention to themselves, the appearance of which does not immediately betray the ability to survive in harsh conditions. One of these exotic succulents is the pachypodium. The plant has earned the name of the Madagascar palm tree for a reason: the outwardly amazing giant really seems to be a representative of the palm family. But take a closer look at the pachypodium, and all the amazing characteristics of the plant will appear in a new light.

Pachypodium rosette (pachypodium rosulatum)
Pachypodium rosette (pachypodium rosulatum)

Pachypodium - succulent in a big way

It is definitely impossible to call the pachypodium a standard, classical plant, as well as to rank it among the succulents we are used to. An amazing creature with a non-standard appearance seems to be a hybrid of a cactus and a palm tree, and its size is more reminiscent of tropical giants. The thorny pachypodium with a storage trunk and amazing bunches of leaves is one of the most original indoor exotics, unassuming and luxurious at the same time.

The pachypodium, known throughout the world as the Madagascar palm, is a fairly powerful indoor exotic. The tree-like plant reaches a meter in height, in indoor conditions it is far from plants growing in their natural environment (their height sometimes exceeds 10 meters). The Madagascar palm has a thickened, columnar, very powerful trunk. From a distance, it looks like the trunks typical of palm trees, but the closer you get to the plant, the more clearly it belongs to the succulent family. After all, luxurious trunks are reliably covered with long thorns, similar to cacti.

The pachypodium greens look very impressive, especially in contrast to the thorny trunk. Lanceolate, long, up to 20-40 cm, gathered in bunches leaves with a prominent medium white vein shine spectacularly. There are 3 thorns under each leaf, and the leaves themselves sit on petioles. The base color of the leaf blade is dark, exquisite, surprisingly reminiscent of palm trees.

For a dormant period, this succulent often sheds its leaves, and then its belonging to a succulent becomes obvious. This feature is the only drawback of pachypodiums, because the appearance of the plant changes and it cannot play the same role in the interior as in the active season.

Pachypodium lamerei
Pachypodium lamerei

The most amazing thing is that for all its imposingness, the pachypodium also blooms, and very effectively. Its flowers are beautiful, white, or pinkish-cream, in rare species they are yellow, tubular, graceful, they are decorated with a pink pharynx and reach a diameter of 10-11 cm. The flowers are collected in umbrellas of inflorescences, rarely bloom one at a time.

Due to their hardiness, compact rhizome, pachypodiums allow you to beautifully drape the soil in a pot with the help of ground covers, creeping summer plants and other carpet-type indoor plants. They are not afraid of competition, they look simply irresistible in a composite type composition.

The Madagascar palm tree has a non-standard appearance. And in some plant species, exotic imposingness is completely emphasized by additional features. The most popular varieties of pachypodiums with a typical plant appearance:

  • pachypodium Zhayi (pachypodium geayi) with a very bright silvery gloss on the leaves;
  • pachypodium Lamer (pachypodium lamerei) with dark, luxurious broad leaves, as well as its shape: branched ramosum, pubescent typica at the lower side of the leaves.

In addition to them, there are more original types of pachypodiums:

  • bizarre and rare, but very beautiful short-stemmed pachypodium (pachypodium brevicaule) with tuberous thickened stems growing up to 60 cm wide (resembling gray stones) and very bright yellow tubular flowers, shortened oval leaves, growing bunches;
  • its glory like the turnip roots and small leaves on thin twigs pachypodium succulent (pachypodium succulentum) with pink, decorated with bright flowers are bell-shaped throat;
  • pachypodium Sanders, or star Lundi (pachypodium saundersii) with an almost spherical grayish stem, rare thorns and broad-lanceolate leaves, very beautiful flowers with corrugated white-pink petals.
  • densely leafy, with curved stems and yellow flowers pachypodium gustotsvetkovy (pachypodium densiflorum);
  • gray and like him pachypodium horombenze (pachypodium horombense);
  • similar to a miniature thorny palm with cylindrical shoots, caurex and yellow flowers rosette pachypodium (pachypodium rosulatum) and its miniature and more prickly form gracilius.
Pachypodium short-stemmed (pachypodium brevicaule)
Pachypodium short-stemmed (pachypodium brevicaule)
Pachypodium densiflorum
Pachypodium densiflorum
Pachypodium geayi
Pachypodium geayi

In fact, the only drawback of all pachypodiums is their toxicity. The plant has not only very sharp, easily wounding thorns, but also secretes poisonous juice (it does not cause skin irritation, but is extremely poisonous even in minimal quantities). Working with the pachypodium, even if you are simply dusting the leaves, must be done carefully and with gloves.

Despite the beauty of flowering, unusual appearance and stunning showiness, pachypodiums can be safely ranked as one of the most undemanding succulents. They do not react very well to drought, shedding leaves, require stable care. But compared to any houseplant, caring for them will seem easy. And most importantly, the pachypodium does not need a cool wintering or any special parameters. It is heat-resistant, loves dry air and feels great even side by side with heaters.

Lighting for pachypodium

The brighter you find the pachypodium, the better. This succulent is similar to cacti: it prefers to grow in sunny or bright locations. The Madagascar palm tree will not tolerate any shading, but it will not be afraid of direct sunlight at all. Pachypodiums can be displayed in the sunniest areas, where even the most hardy crops cannot be placed. All southern, southwestern and southeastern locations are perfect for the Madagascar palm tree.

In winter, the pachypodiums will also prefer the brightest lighting. But if nature did not indulge in the weather and the bright days were not enough, then it is better to adapt the pachypodium to the usual bright illumination in spring gradually, slowly. Also try to arrange intermediate periods for the pachypodium, give the plant time to adapt at any change of location, purchase, move, exposing it in an intermediate place for several days.

Comfortable temperature

In order for the pachypodium to become a decoration for your interior, all you need is to provide it with a warm location. This plant does not tolerate cold and lower temperatures below 15 degrees (with the exception of Lamer's pachypodium, which can tolerate a cool wintering from 8 degrees Celsius). Lower temperatures compared to the active season have a beneficial effect on the attractiveness of foliage and flowering, but such a decrease should still remain within the usual ranges of room indicators. The pachypodium is a heat-resistant culture that will cope well even with the heat. Not only in summer, but also from March to September, the plant will calmly withstand even air temperatures above 30 degrees Celsius.

Madagascar palm tree is not afraid of summer "vacation" in the open air. The pachypodium can be taken out into the fresh air in June and kept in the garden or on the balcony until the autumn cold snap. But when choosing a new place for a plant, try to reliably protect the false palm from precipitation and drafts. There is no need to reduce lighting during exposure to fresh air: the pachypodium will feel great even in the brightest place. True, it is better to soften the transition by gradual adaptation both during the leader and when returning back.

Pachypodium horombense
Pachypodium horombense

Watering and air humidity

For a comfortable development, the pachypodium must be reliably protected from waterlogging. Like any succulent, the Madagascar palm tree does not tolerate wet conditions and watering for it must be restrained. The frequency of the procedures is selected so that the upper and partially the middle layer of the substrate dries out between them. The soil in the pot should always remain slightly damp. And so scanty watering in winter is reduced to minimal. Yellowing of the leaves serves as a signal for the transition to a new stage of development, the beginning of the dormant period. From the moment the first signs appear, watering is sharply reduced, only maintaining the minimum vital humidity and the usual moisture level is not renewed until spring.

The Madagascar palm is a drought tolerant plant that can forgive short droughts. But since the plant does not immediately react to the drying out of the soil, only after several weeks, in order to maintain the high decorative foliage, it is better to avoid complete drought even in winter. The only exception to the rule is the short-stemmed pachypodium, which should grow in an almost dry substrate all year round.

Like all succulents, the luxurious pachypodium will save you the hassle of humidifying your air. This plant requires a dry climate, it is very comfortable for it even in living rooms with active heating devices. Moreover: the Madagascar palm tree will not be afraid even of the location next to the batteries.

The purity of the leaf plates is very important for this Madagascar pseudo-palm. You should not allow dust accumulation on the leaves of the plant, regularly wiping the greens with a damp sponge.

Flowers of pachypodium rosette
Flowers of pachypodium rosette
Flowers of the pachypodium Sanders
Flowers of the pachypodium Sanders
Flowers of pachypodium succulent
Flowers of pachypodium succulent

Top dressing for the Madagascar palm

Despite the fact that the pachypodium is a rather large plant, it prefers to grow in poor rather than fertile soil. From the moment the leaves begin to turn yellow until spring, no feeding is carried out at all, and during the period of active growth, they use a half dose of fertilizer for cacti and succulents every 2-3 weeks or feed the plant with a full dose once a month.

Transplant and substrate

It is better to transplant pachypodiums earlier than for most indoor plants, at the very beginning of the active growth stage. It is better to transfer this plant to a new container and substrate in late February or early March. Young pachypodiums are transplanted annually. Strongly overgrown and large specimens grow well when transplanted with a frequency of 1 every 3 years. At the bottom of the container, it is imperative to lay a high drainage, which takes about 1/3 of the volume of the pot. The plant itself must be handled very carefully, because the rhizomes of this succulent are very fragile. It is better not to destroy the earth lump, just removing the top contaminated soil layer and free soil on the sides.

The substrate for the pachypodium also needs to be chosen special. This succulent will thrive in special cactus soil or any moderately acidic, nutritious and breathable substrate with lots of sand. For them, you can independently make up a simple soil mixture of equal proportions of coarse sand, leafy and soddy soil with the obligatory addition of charcoal.

Pachypodium Sanders, or star Lundi (pachypodium saundersii)
Pachypodium Sanders, or star Lundi (pachypodium saundersii)

Diseases and pests

The pachypodium is one of the most resistant indoor plants. But due to its tolerance for dry conditions, the Madagascar palm is often chosen by spider mites. It is necessary to fight them with insecticides, not only those preparations that do not contain petroleum products and their derivatives. You need to be especially careful with various sprays containing synthetic waxes.

Common problems in growing Madagascar palm trees:

  • blackening of leaves with too intensive fertilizing;
  • spread of rot and blackening of foliage with excessive waterlogging;
  • too dry substrate, drought leads to shedding of leaves;
  • stretching the stem, its thinning and deformation with excessive watering;
  • deformation and thinning of the stem in poor lighting.
Pachypodium succulentum
Pachypodium succulentum

Reproduction of the pachypodium

The Madagascar palm is a rather difficult plant to reproduce. It is difficult to get new crops vegetatively, because the fragments of the stem of this succulent hardly take root. The only exception is the spread of rot, which requires urgent cutting of the upper part of the plant. After drying and dusting with charcoal, the tops of the pachypodiums can be rooted in a sandy substrate. But the result can never be expected.

The only more reliable breeding method is by seed. They germinate in any substrate suitable for succulents, subject to shallow sowing and constant light humidity in an environment with temperatures above 20 degrees Celsius. Young seedlings must be handled carefully, as soon as they are slightly stronger, they should be transplanted into individual containers.

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