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Video: Peas Chickpeas - Useful Properties And Cultivation. Photo
2023 Author: Ava Durham | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-11-27 07:13
Every year, on our site, one bed was necessarily allocated for ordinary peas. Both adults and children enjoyed ripening green peas, we added them to salads and soups, and a little ripe peas remained for the winter. Over the years, there has been some disappointment in this culture due to pest infestation. It was worth a little time to miss and write wasted: half of the harvest was gone. And one more thing: he matured too amicably, already half amazed. Now, this previously irreplaceable representative of legumes has replaced chickpeas.
Chance helped to renounce green peas. Somehow a neighbor came and, watching me sort out the peas, separating the healthy from the afflicted, sympathetically called me “Cinderella”, declaring at the same time: “Eugene, if I were you, I would replace this culture with another pea called Nut. Pests don't like it, because it contains a lot of oxalic acid in greens."
Further, with great pleasure, demonstrating her knowledge of medicinal herbs, she did not fail to list all the healing properties of chickpea. At the same time, it took me a lot of patience to listen to her to the end. Yet, despite her tiresome lecture, I thanked her for the information and promised to "take note."
- Useful properties of chickpea
- Chickpea history
- Growing chickpeas
- Using chickpeas
Useful properties of chickpea
We will list the useful properties of chickpea not from the words of my dear neighbor, but according to the conclusions of specialists. Some of them believe that thanks to the tryptophan contained in chickpeas, which significantly improves the functioning of the human brain, the transition from prehistoric chaos in the minds of people to a highly organized mind was prepared.
Scientists have come to the conclusion that people have "grown wiser" thanks to this amino acid, which is directly related to the production of the most important hormone serotonin, which ensures the transmission of electrical impulses from cells.
Chickpeas are rich in vitamins and minerals. He "pulls out of the ground and drives into a pea" almost the entire periodic table. It contains phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, molybdenum, lecithin, riboflavin (vitamin B2), thiamine (vitamin B1), nicotinic and pantothenic acids, choline. Vitamin C is also present in chickpeas in sufficient quantities, and its amount increases significantly in germinating seeds. It also contains healthy fats (from 4 to 7%).
But most importantly, it accumulates such a valuable trace element as selenium. This is especially important for regions with a selenium deficiency. Selenium deficiency causes a number of serious diseases in a person - weakness, increased fatigue, diseases of the pancreas and thyroid glands, dystrophy of the heart muscle, multiple sclerosis, oncological and other equally dangerous diseases. It is believed that by eating chickpeas, you can reverse the disease, renew your blood, and protect your body from neoplasms.
Practice has repeatedly proven that chickpeas help diabetics, those who have been exposed to radiation, as well as anemia, cardiac arrhythmias, nervous diseases, dental diseases and inflammation of the gums, acne, skin rashes. In addition, it helps dissolve stones in the gall and urinary bladder, cleans blood vessels, and normalizes blood pressure. As you can see, chickpeas help in many cases, including in the prevention of diseases, and, importantly, it will not harm anyone.
Since chickpea is a very ancient culture (people knew about it several millennia ago BC), it has a rich world history. It was first introduced into the diet by the Greeks and Egyptians. In ancient Egypt, the pharaohs were depicted on frescoes with chickpea sprigs, symbolizing power, power and masculine strength. Believing in the afterlife, the Egyptians accompanied their rulers to another world with the seeds of this plant. They write that they were found by Japanese archaeologists in the tomb of Tutankhamun. The chickpea has a very wide geography of distribution: North America, Iran, India, Burma, Italy, Tanzania, Australia and many other countries.
The number of human lives saved by chickpeas during periods of severe droughts and other natural disasters is incalculable. Among leguminous crops, in terms of nutritional value and medicinal properties, it is considered to be out of competition.
Another important useful property of chickpea: it has a pivotal root that penetrates the soil to a depth of 2 m. On it, nodules are formed as a result of symbiosis of plants with nodule bacteria, due to which the roots are good suppliers of nitrogen fertilizers for the soil (about 50 kg of nitrogen per 1 ha, which corresponds to 150 kg of ammonium nitrate). What a powerful "investment" of chickpea for the future harvest of other crops!
First of all, and best of all, a plot is suitable for these peas, on which all previous years there was the least amount of perennial weeds. The soil before planting should be loose and soft. Chickpeas tolerate crowding well, so the beds can be placed at a distance of 15-20 cm from each other. True, there are recommendations to plant chickpeas more spaciously, with a distance of up to 50 cm in order to get a better harvest.
The bed depth should be at least 10 cm (there are recommendations - up to 15 cm). If you plant so deeply, then it is probably advisable to treat chickpea seeds with drugs before planting to improve their germination and increase yields. The optimum sowing time for this crop is when the topsoil warms up above +5 ° C.
Chickpea care is carried out taking into account some of its features. Chickpea is a self-pollinating plant, "long day", does not twist like peas, does not crumble or lodge, although it reaches 50-60 cm in height. Not all gardeners consider it to be high-yielding, although it is quite possible to get harvests per hectare of 3 tons or more in private gardens. The plant is resistant to heat and drought, seedlings can withstand frosts down to minus 7 ° C. However, it is not recommended to subject it "unnecessarily" to freeze tests.
All plants love warmth, so planting chickpeas in early June is recommended by many summer residents. It is believed that chickpeas grow well and bear fruit even on poor soils, therefore, to get a good harvest of this crop, it is not at all necessary to seriously care about fertilizers. And yet it is recommended to feed chickpeas with phosphorus and potassium fertilizers (and he himself has enough nitrogen).
This culture almost does not tolerate herbicides at all, and plants can destroy not only newly introduced chemicals, but also residual chemical elements that remain in the soil for a long time. For this reason, it is best to select a site for chickpeas that has not been treated with "chemistry" for more than 2 years. It is clear that the dacha is exactly the place where God himself ordered to grow these peas, since summer residents, as a rule, use chemistry very carefully in their garden.
It is believed that harvesting chickpeas is possible as early as 80 days after planting, but for some varieties this period can be about 100 or even 120 days. Of course, one should not miss the moment of ripening, since it is undesirable for chickpeas to fall under the autumn rains, which will lead to damage to the crop.
Chickpeas are used as food, like ordinary peas, for preparing various dishes: soups, salads, vinaigrettes, side dishes and pies.
For the prevention and treatment of diseases, you can use the following recipe: rinse half a glass of beans twice and add water overnight. In the morning, the chickpea grains will approximately double in volume. This is the daily norm for an adult.
The beans swollen in water can be eaten raw, if the stomach allows, or boiled: pour water again and cook for half an hour, periodically adding water to the original volume. Use 3-5 tbsp cooked chickpeas. spoons and the same amount of broth half an hour before meals for 20 days. Then they take a break for ten days, then the procedure is repeated, and so on 2-3 times a year.
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