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Video: Miltonia Is The Wings Of A Butterfly. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Kinds. Photo
Orchids of the genus Miltonia, with their lovely, wide-open flowers, are similar to pansies, so they have another name - pansies. Like Cattleya, this genus is named after one of the earliest collectors of orchids, namely in honor of the Englishman Adligen Milton. Often from small, flat false bulbs, several straight, upright panicles with flowers of yellow, red, white or pink tones develop simultaneously. These flowers fascinate us not only with their colors, but also with a wonderful pattern that resembles eyes or drops.
Especially exotic and bizarre are the crosses of Miltonia with the genus Brassia, which are called Miltassia. The flower petals of Miltassia, like those of the Brassia orchids, are elongated and located on the panicle, like the legs of a spider.
- Description of miltonia
- Features of growing miltonia
- Types of miltonia
Description of miltonia
Miltonia (lat. Miltonia) is a genus of perennial herbaceous plants of the Orchid family.
The genus Miltonia (Miltonia) includes about 20 species of flowering orchids. Ovate flattened bulbs are hidden by sheaths of linear or belt-like leaves (1-2) folded in the lower part. Leaves are yellowish-green in color, like bulbs. Lateral parts usually with one or more flowers; flowering is long, but cut flowers wither immediately. Miltonia are widely used to obtain intergeneric hybrids.
Previously, this genus included all the Central American and Brazilian species, distributed at different heights - in the mountains and in the valleys. Subsequently, the alpine species were transferred to the genus Miltoniopsis. Currently, representatives of the genus Miltonia are found in the lowland and low-mountain rainforests of Central and Southern Brazil.
The genus Miltoniopsis (Miltoniopsis) unites 5 species, in which from each pale green bulb - pseudo-bulb grows 1-2 linear leaves. The flowers are flat, large.
As a result of crossing miltoniopsis with each other and with species of other genera, many hybrids have been obtained. Plants of these two genera are epiphytic, that is, they settle on the trunks and branches of trees, but receive nutrients from the environment.
Features of growing miltonia
Miltonias are grown at home, using mostly plastic pots, which are better at retaining moisture. A layer of large pieces of tree bark at the bottom of the pot promotes better drainage. It is recommended that the soil be made of finely ground spruce bark, perlite or sphagnum (to maintain moisture). You can also use a special primer for orchids, such as osmund. Miltonia need a moderately warm content; in winter the air temperature is not less than 12-15 ° С; in summer - abundant watering (but without water stagnation), spraying, thorough shading.
Miltonia prefer partial shade, especially during the hottest months. The sign of the correct location is the pinkish tint of the leaves. The beauty of the color of the flowers is enhanced if the light intensity is reduced.
Miltonia is thermophilic, in winter the optimum temperature is about 20 ° C, the night minimum is 15 ° C. Miltonia hybrids - Miltoniopsis Miltoniopsis hybr. kept in cool conditions at 15 ° C, and the winter minimum for them is 12 ° C. Miltonia does not tolerate sudden temperature fluctuations very well, and drafts can be simply destructive for her.
A bright place, preferably a western or eastern window, not shaded by trees from the street. A hot south window will require shading from the direct midday sun.
Abundant during spring and summer growth, the soil should be moist at all times. In winter, watering is very limited, i.e. almost dry content.
Regular spraying may not produce the desired results. Miltonia needs about 60-70% humidity, so it is better to place it on a pallet with water or wet pebbles.
During the period of growth, budding and flowering, they are fed with a special fertilizer for orchids.
A transplant is carried out only when the roots of miltonia simply protrude from the pot and the plant does not grow well, since miltonia, like all orchids, does not tolerate transplantation well. Usually it is transplanted after 3-4 years, the pot should not be too large, otherwise, the plant will grow poorly. Soil is a special commercial mixture for orchids.
You can cook it yourself - take 1 part of finely chopped fern roots, 1 part of finely chopped moss, 1 part of loose light turf soil and 1 part of leafy soil. You can use another recipe - 1 part of loose peat soil (it is better to use high-moor red peat) and 1 part of finely chopped pine bark.
Diseases and pests of miltonia
Drying of the ends of the leaves is often observed, which may be associated with excessive salinity of the soil. This can be avoided by watering the soil from time to time (or often if the water was hard) with rain or demineralized water. If root decay has begun, the plant is immediately transplanted into a disinfected pot, completely replacing the soil and lowering the moisture level. The worms that cause drying of plant tissues are removed with a rag or cotton swab dipped in alcohol, and then the plant is treated with anticoccidal drugs.
Acquisition of miltonia
Miltonias are available from orchid dealers, even by mail order, or well-stocked horticultural centers.
Reproduction of miltonia
These orchids propagate by dividing the bush approximately every 3 years at the end of summer. Each part should have several bulbs - pseudo-bulbs and a developed root system.
Types of miltonia
Miltonia snow-white (Miltonia Candida) - with peduncles (1-2 grows from each bulb), approximately 40 cm long, on which a loose erect brush with 3-5 fragrant flowers up to 9 cm in diameter is formed. Yellow wavy sepals and petals with large red-brown specks and spots, and a white, highly wavy lip with a light purple or purple spot and three short racemes; the lip is almost rounded. Blooms in autumn.
In Miltonia Renelli (Miltonia regnellii) thin glossy leaves and erect stalks stretching up to 3-7 flattened fragrant flowers with white sepals and petals, and lip light - pink to pink - purple stripes and a white border.
In miltoniopsis Phalaenopsis (Miltoniopsis phalaenopsis) short flower stalks with 3-5 flattened pure white flowers. The lateral lobes of the lip are small, white with light crimson stripes and specks. The middle lobe is white and deeply divided by a notch into two; at the base - a purple spot of irregular shape, washed out to the periphery in small specks.
On each peduncle of Miltoniopsis Retzla (Miltoniopsis roezlii), 2-5 fragrant white flowers form with a lilac-lilac spot at the base of each petal and an orangey-yellow disc at the base of the lip.
Miltoniopsis vexillaria (Miltoniopsis vexillaria) is characterized by large fragrant flowers, mostly pink with a white border or white with pink spots or stripes, a yellow spot at the base of the lip.