Dazzling Baskets Of Indoor Mesembriantemums. Planting And Leaving. Photo

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Dazzling Baskets Of Indoor Mesembriantemums. Planting And Leaving. Photo
Dazzling Baskets Of Indoor Mesembriantemums. Planting And Leaving. Photo
Video: Dazzling Baskets Of Indoor Mesembriantemums. Planting And Leaving. Photo
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Among the succulents presented in indoor culture, not a single plant in the bright variegation of flowering can compete with mesembryanthemums. Stunningly bright leaves, the storing nature of which can only be seen up close, a dense crown and surprisingly lush flowering turn each bush of mesembryanthemums into a full-fledged competitor to such seasonal stars as chrysanthemums or gerberas. Growing this plant is not easy at all. But on the other hand, no other succulent will offer you the same dazzling explosion of colors.

Crystal mesembryanthemum, or ice grass, or crystal grass, or glacier, or afternoon tea (Mesembryanthemum crystallinum)
Crystal mesembryanthemum, or ice grass, or crystal grass, or glacier, or afternoon tea (Mesembryanthemum crystallinum)

Content:

  • Crystal or glass daisies of indoor mesembriantemums
  • Caring for mesembryanthemums at home
  • Transplantation of mesembryantemums and substrate
  • Diseases and pests of mesembriantemums
  • Reproduction of mesembriantemums

Crystal or glass daisies of indoor mesembriantemums

What nicknames did the unique representative of flowering succulents mesembriantemum deserve! This rather rare plant is sometimes called a midday, then a crystal or glass chamomile, or a crystal grass. But whatever you call the mesembriantemum, there is no doubt that this is one of the most original indoor crops that you can imagine. Despite the fact that the plant is also grown as a garden groundcover annual, however, the mesembriantemum fully reveals its beauty and character in indoor culture, where the plant can be grown as a perennial.

Mesembryanthemum present in the culture room cryptic family leaf succulents and polusukkulentov aizoaceae (Aizoaceae). Like all original succulents, non-standard shrubs from South Africa came to us.

Mesembryanthemums are herbaceous perennials or shrubs up to 12 cm high with dense bushes of numerous shoots and fleshy leaves. The leaves are covered with small papilla-papillae filled with water, which sparkle under the sun's rays like crystal.

Baskets of inflorescences of mesembriantemums are very beautiful: narrow, numerous, strikingly symmetrical ligulate petals create perfect circles around a medium-sized center of tubular small flowers, conquering with a richness of colors. The diameter of the inflorescences is up to 5 cm. The inflorescences-baskets are located on this plant on long peduncles.

The color scheme includes white, pink, lilac, red, yellow, orange colors. Flowering begins in summer and continues relentlessly for several months - as long as the plant has enough light.

Only two types of mesembriantemums are used as indoor plants. The genus of these plants is quite extensive; in nature, the variety of species is much greater. But the plants presented in greenhouses and rooms are certainly the most spectacular representatives of the genus.

Crystal mesembryanthemum (Mesembryanthemum crystallinum)
Crystal mesembryanthemum (Mesembryanthemum crystallinum)

Mesembryanthemum crystal or crystal herb (Mesembryanthemum crystallinum) - the most popular of the species. It is a highly branching dwarf shrub with strong, but rather slender shoots, half woody at the very base at a fairly considerable age. Thick, juicy and fleshy, ovoid leaves of this mesimbriantemum amaze with a rich bright green color and a very beautiful false edge of densely located glands. Baskets of crystal mezimbriantemum inflorescences in diameter are limited to a maximum of 3 cm. Outwardly, it is difficult not to confuse them with terry chamomiles or asters, especially since their base color is also white with a yellow center. But this species has quite a few ornamental varieties, offering to admire the multicolored explosions of the delightfully bright baskets.

Mesembryanthemum Haworth (Mesembryanthemum haworthii) - very rare species leaves with elongated circular section, whitish glaucousness on muted green background and a very large inflorescences-baskets purple color, whose diameter can be up to about 6 cm.

Despite its status as a ground cover, this plant is not suitable for landscaping the foothills of large shrubs and trees in indoor culture, for growing with other dominant crops.

Caring for mesembryanthemums at home

Mesembryanthemums are still considered rare indoor crops. But despite the status of an exclusive jewelry and only growing popularity, the reputation of a difficult-to-grow flowering star is not justified. All that mesembryantemums need is a cool wintering and careful care. Unlike the more famous seasonal stars, the plant pleasantly surprises with its character and is suitable for novice growers. Rapid degeneracy, fragility is compensated by the simplicity of reproduction.

Lighting for mesembriantemums

This African culture is rightly called one of the most photophilous. Without a bright southern window sill and sunny places on it, the mesembriantemum cannot bloom normally. The plant needs bright lighting in spring-summer and winter. Artificial supplementary lighting will not work for this plant.

Mesembryanthemums are often bent and pulled towards the light. It is important for the plant to provide uniform lighting, regularly turn the container in order to form a beautiful thick rug texture. When grown in large containers, the containers are placed on stands with a slope so that the lighting falls evenly over the entire area of ​​the rugs.

Crystal mesembryanthemum (Mesembryanthemum crystallinum)
Crystal mesembryanthemum (Mesembryanthemum crystallinum)

Comfortable temperature

Like any African endemics, the mesembriantemum is unpretentious. By the temperature regime in the active phase of the growing season, in spring and summer, the plant is not demanding, it will feel good at any temperature above 20 degrees Celsius. The only limitation on the maximum temperature indicators relate to extreme heat: when the air temperature rises to 28 degrees and higher, the plant begins to bare the bottoms of the shoots. Therefore, it is best to stay within the room temperature range.

One of the main conditions for flowering mesimbriantemum in indoor culture is to ensure a cool wintering during the dormant period. Without lowering the temperature to 15 degrees (the permissible range for wintering is from 10 to 16 degrees), the mesembriantemum will never bloom again. The minimum temperature that this plant can withstand is 8 degrees Celsius.

Mesembryanthemums do not like drafts and sudden temperature changes.

Watering and air humidity

As with any succulent, the mesembriantemum will need very careful care and constant control of the substrate moisture, which will eliminate the risk of excessive waterlogging. Mesembryanthemums prefer stable but light soil moisture with good drying of the top of the substrate between waterings. Even in summer, watering should be frequent, but moderate. In winter, they are carried out at all in a minimal amount, trying only to maintain the viability of the plant and not let the aerial parts dry out, but significantly reducing the humidity level compared to summer. In winter, the substrate should remain practically dry.

Mesembryanthemums do not need to increase the air humidity. Spraying can be very dangerous for them with one exception. When the air temperature exceeds 28 degrees, it is precisely the gentle spraying with warm water from very small spray nozzles and from a long distance that will avoid exposing the lower part of the branches.

Crystal mesembryanthemum, or ice grass, or crystal grass, or glacier, or afternoon tea (Mesembryanthemum crystallinum)
Crystal mesembryanthemum, or ice grass, or crystal grass, or glacier, or afternoon tea (Mesembryanthemum crystallinum)

Top dressing for mesembryanthemum

The plant does not like an excess of nutrients. Top dressing for mesembriantemums can be excluded from the care program altogether, applying fertilizers only when there are obvious symptoms of a lack of macro- or microelements. If the transplant is not carried out the next year, then it is better to include fertilizing from May to the end of August in the mesembriantemum care program, which is carried out with a standard frequency of 1 every 2 weeks.

For mesembriantemums, only special fertilizers for succulents and cacti are used.

Transplantation of mesembryantemums and substrate

Transplantation of indoor mesembriantemums is carried out only as needed. It is advisable to carry out this procedure in early spring, but the succulent also tolerates emergency transplants. The signal for the need to change the capacity is the complete development of the roots of the earthen coma.

For mesembryantemums, ready-made substrates designed for succulents, leafy succulents or cacti are best suited. The preferred soil reaction is neutral or slightly acidic.

Crystal chamomile, like other ground covers, is grown in shallow and wide containers. Plants are best planted in several pieces in one pot for more decorative compositions.

Crystal mesembryanthemum (Mesembryanthemum crystallinum)
Crystal mesembryanthemum (Mesembryanthemum crystallinum)

Diseases and pests of mesembriantemums

Despite its luxurious flowering, the mesembriantemum retains the resistance to diseases and pests characteristic of almost all indoor succulents. With improper care, the plant can suffer from rot, especially if the moist soil is combined with cool temperatures (all roots are quickly affected in the plant).

Of the pests, only on plants in a very neglected state are spider mites and mealybugs found, which are best dealt with immediately with specialized insecticides.

Reproduction of mesembriantemums

For this adorable succulent, reproduction is a fairly simple task, however, young plants are easy to lose due to rot and inattentive care. But in the process itself there is nothing complicated.

Mesembryanthemums can be grown from seeds. Sowing is carried out in March or April, in shallow containers filled with a sandy substrate or a mixture of sand and a universal substrate. For germination, it is necessary to provide a very thin layer of covering soil and conditions atypical for ordinary seedlings of flowering plants. Mesembriantemum before emergence should be kept cool, at a temperature of 12 to 16 degrees Celsius. Containers do not need to be covered with foil or glass.

After the first shoots appear, the containers are transferred to bright lighting, and the air temperature is further lowered - to 10-12 degrees Celsius. The dive is carried out after the appearance of several true leaves. It is the need to create a cool environment that most often discourages flower growers from growing this plant from seeds.

It is much easier to get plants by simple cuttings of shoots. The apical cuttings are cut throughout the spring or autumn, rooting in a sandy soil mixture under bright light and under a hood. Before rooting, it is necessary to regularly spray the soil to maintain a stable light moisture.

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