Indoor Lantana Camara Is A Colorful Shrub. Home Care. Photo

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Indoor Lantana Camara Is A Colorful Shrub. Home Care. Photo
Indoor Lantana Camara Is A Colorful Shrub. Home Care. Photo
Anonim

Among indoor shrubs, there are not many plants that would be famous for their flowering more than the beauty of the shoots. Lantana camara is one of those. Strikingly easily changing the shape of growth, lantana surprises not so much with its unpretentiousness as with the beauty of extraordinary inflorescences. Soft color transitions give the dense shields a rainbow effect. And it is difficult to look away from the blooming, feminine, bright and such multi-colored lantana. But in order to admire its flowering, you will have to control the wintering conditions and the frequency of watering. But it grows so quickly that it recovers in a matter of weeks.

Indoor lantana camara - colorful shrub
Indoor lantana camara - colorful shrub

Content:

  • Lantana camara - a plant with "obedient" branches
  • Other types of indoor lanthanum
  • Growing conditions for indoor lanthanum
  • Caring for lantana camara at home
  • Diseases, pests and problems in the cultivation of lantana camara
  • Reproduction of lantana camara

Lantana camara - a plant with "obedient" branches

Lantana camara is a name that is not known to all flower growers. One of the most amazing herb and shrub crops has earned a lot of original nicknames - thorny nettles, a girl's word, thorny colored nettles, rainbow bush. Disdainful "nettle" for this luxurious plant is not entirely appropriate. If lantana camara is capable of surprising something, it is spectacular.

Their botanical name lantana presumably received in honor of the ancient Roman "viburnum", their inflorescences really slightly resemble the shields of viburnum inflorescences, although lanthanum has much more in common with other members of the Verbenov family.

Lantana camara is the most famous and widespread species of the genus. Today, the species name is often not mentioned on the market, but if the plant is sold under the general name "lantana", it is about camara lantana.

Depending on the strategy of cultivation and formation, lantanas can be in the form of compact bushes, sprawling pillows, neat or not very trees, but still they remain fast-growing plants with erect, densely branching shoots and woody, strong, densely branching roots.

Lantana grows rapidly and is one of the most active cold-resistant crops. Tetrahedral shoots woody slowly and branch surprisingly densely. Moreover, the more actively they are cut, the better young shoots grow. The plant develops rapidly, even after strong pruning at the end of February, already in April, the blooming plant is able to release the first buds.

The shoots of lantana camara are often spiny, not densely leafy with opposite leaves, but, due to branching, long internodes are imperceptible.

Lantana leaves are a bit like nettle, but they look more solid. A wrinkled surface, protruding relief veins, an oval leaf shape with an elongated tip is combined with a coarse or finely toothed, and sometimes serrated edge. On the shoots, the leaves are located on rather long petioles. The matte surface of the leaves appears velvety, also due to the unusual pubescence along the veins, which intensifies on the underside of the leaf plates.

On contact or rubbing, camara leaves exude a rather pungent aroma, which combines spicy, refreshing and unpleasant notes.

The ability to change colors makes lantana camara stand out from all other competitors
The ability to change colors makes lantana camara stand out from all other competitors

Lantana blossom camara

Lantana camara blooms tirelessly throughout the summer. The inflorescences seem to open after each other, creating the effect of a continuous parade. The first buds appear on the plant by the end of April. Lantana bloom, somewhat weakening, usually lasts all September.

The spherical shape of camara lantana inflorescences upon closer inspection is a simple shape of hemispherical dense scutes, but from a distance they look like perfect balls. Before the flowers begin to bloom, the inflorescences seem to be flat discs, quickly transforming when luxurious tubular flowers with a simple flat broom rise on long pedicels. The maximum diameter of camara lantana inflorescences is about 5 cm.

The ability to change colors distinguishes this plant from all other competitors. Of course, the "mechanism" of repainting on camara lantana inflorescences is quite simple: the flowers change color to darker and more saturated with aging. 3 different colors change on one inflorescence. The effect of this is simply amazing.

Close in spectrum, but often different in character, light and bright tones seem to flow with watercolors into ever brighter ones in already blossoming flowers. And the plant seems to be iridescent - bright, original, multicolored.

The flowers bloom first along the edges of the inflorescence, so the color shades outside are always more intense. Only at the end of flowering, a few days after the last central flowers have bloomed, does lantana finally acquire a solid color. But it's worth taking a closer look at the flowers: inside each flower, barely noticeable spots of other shades still remind of a watercolor rainbow miracle.

The color of lantana inflorescences in the classic version is yellow-orange-red. But the development of varieties with brighter colors and almost monotonous variations changed the boring basic forms beyond recognition. And today, decorative forms of the plant, bred in the 19th century, remain very popular - mutabilis with a change of white to yellow, pink and purple, sanguinea with repainting of inflorescences from yellow to red.

Like the classic Mixta varieties with a "double" inflorescence of outer yellow-cherry and inner yellow-orange flowers, the blue-white variety Nivea and the yellow-orange Crocea.

More modern varieties boast very large inflorescences. The magnificent orange-terracotta-brick variety “Cocktail”, the yellow-white variety “Golden Cloud”, the yellow-orange-pink variety “Rose Queen” are typical multicolor hybrids. Among the single-flowered varieties, the dazzling lemon color of the Lucky Lemon Cream variety enjoys special love.

Not all lantanas bear fruit abundantly, but basic plants and ornamental forms, like some old varieties, set seeds in large quantities. The berry-like fruit is highly toxic before ripening.

Lantana montevidensis (Lantana montevidensis)
Lantana montevidensis (Lantana montevidensis)

Other types of indoor lanthanum

In the genus lanthanum there are more than a hundred species of plants that belong to both shrubs and herbaceous perennials. In nature, you can enjoy the beauty of the growing, creating stunningly beautiful massifs of lanthanum in the tropical regions of the American continents and Africa, Australia and Oceania.

Sometimes lanthanum is comparable in aggressiveness to weeds and causes a lot of difficulties. The Brazilian rainforests are considered ideal for them and they try to recreate similar conditions in greenhouses and in rooms. Lantana has been cultivated as a greenhouse and indoor plant since the 18th century.

Several dozen varieties of lanthanum can be grown in pot culture. Despite the fact that lantana camara remains the most popular species, two more species of this plant can occasionally be found on sale.

Montevideo Lantana (Lantana montevidensis, formerly known as the Zell lantana (Lantana sellowiana) - one of the most original forms of lanthanum, which is even difficult to assess the structure, so crown mature plant similar to the continuous dense cushions.

It is an ampelous plant or semi-liana with long, drooping shoots, which is grown in hanging baskets and used to create spectacular large cascades in the interior. This lantana has many interesting varieties, which are usually named by the tone of the inflorescences - for example, the white-purple Purple with unique small two-colored inflorescences.

Lantana hybrida (Lantana hybrida) is a controversial compact variety of lanthanum, which, even without pruning, does not grow above 1 m, and in varieties it is limited to 30 cm. It develops in the form of very low and dense cushion-shaped bushes and blooms only in yellow colors.

Lantana hybrid (Lantana hybrida)
Lantana hybrid (Lantana hybrida)

Growing conditions for indoor lanthanum

At first glance, lantana camara seems to be capricious, outlandish, very bright exotic. But her character does not quite match her bright appearance. This is one of the most undemanding flowering plants for which it is easy to find a comfortable place in the house.

The main thing is to try to create a difference between a hot summer and a cool winter and take care of sufficiently bright lighting, without which lantanas will not bloom.

Lighting and placement

Lantanas are light-loving plants. They feel great in sunny places and light windowsills, they are not afraid of direct sunlight, but they still develop better in diffused lighting. In winter, it is very important to keep the lighting intense, but only for lanthanum, which is cool and does not shed its leaves.

Lantanas are exhibited singly and in groups, at any window, except for the northern ones. For uniform development of the crown, you need to turn the plant regularly.

Temperature regime and ventilation

Access to fresh air is essential for lantana. Even indoor beauties for the summer are best taken out under the open sky, placed on terraces, in gardens, or at least on balconies.

They expose lantanes after the threat of age frosts disappears, in June, bringing them back before the first cold snaps. In the garden, lantanas prefer sunny places. If the plant is left in the room, then airing is done daily or lanthanum is placed where the window is constantly open.

Lantanes tolerate heat well and normal room temperatures during active growth. Cool wintering is a prerequisite for the flowering of this culture. Indoor lantanas will prefer wintering at a temperature of about 10 degrees (with a possible decrease to 8 and an increase to 12 degrees).

Only at this temperature regime, lanthanum retains leaves and quickly recover. Lantana camara can withstand a warm winter, but in this case it completely sheds its leaves and requires keeping in an almost dry substrate, in the dark and with cardinal pruning after wintering.

Lantana Camara Nivea
Lantana Camara Nivea

Caring for lantana camara at home

Taking care of this unique herb is not difficult at all, but maintenance procedures should be regular. Standard watering, feeding, and other points of care in combination with mandatory hygienic procedures - that's all the plant needs.

Watering and air humidity

The main task when caring for lanthanum is to prevent the substrate from completely drying out. This plant does not tolerate dampness, but if watering is skipped and the earthy coma is allowed to dry, lantana will begin to shed the lower leaves.

Water the plant, letting the upper part of the substrate dry out, but trying to maintain a stable moisture content. The plant is not afraid of abundant watering, but it is better to drain the water from the pallets 20-30 minutes after watering.

During the winter, the watering of lantana kamara is reduced several times, trying to maintain very light soil moisture. If the plants hibernate in the cool, you need to be very careful with watering, and when dropping leaves in the warmth, they are carried out only to maintain the viability of the roots. The water should be soft and warm.

Outside the flowering period, lanthanas can be sprayed, but they also tolerate dry air well. But keeping the leaves clean, carefully removing dust from them, is imperative.

Top dressing and composition of fertilizers

Despite its rapid growth and rather rapid depletion of the soil, lantana does not tolerate too abundant feeding. Even if you use the standard strategy for garden tubs or flowering potted plants for it, there is a risk of creating the effect of excessive fertilizing and stimulating leaf growth to the detriment of flowering.

For lanthanum, fertilizers are applied regularly, from March until the end of flowering, with the usual frequency of 1 every 2 weeks, but the concentration of dressings is reduced by 2 times compared with the manufacturer's instructions. It is undesirable to make top dressing usual, but rare, because this way the plant will grow in less stable conditions with differences in soil nutrient values.

For lantana, despite its status as a flowering crop, fertilizers specially formulated to stimulate flowering are not suitable. This crop prefers complex balanced fertilizers with equal content of all three macronutrients. Only in the period of preparation for flowering at the budding stage can potash-phosphorus fertilizers be applied.

Lantana Camara Lucky Sunrise
Lantana Camara Lucky Sunrise

Pruning and shaping lantana camara

Lantana camara blooms only on young, one-year-old shoots that have not yet begun to woody, and haircut, regular pruning only stimulates more abundant flowering.

This is a unique plant that is cut regularly in summer, at least 2-3 times, stimulating both tillering and flowering. For lantana, pruning is carried out at the end of winter or before transplanting, repeating regulating haircuts or slightly shortening the shoots up to 4-5 times per season.

Formation during the first two years is of critical importance for all species of lanthanum - when the plant is given the shape of a tree and a bush, which from the third year is only supported. You can shorten the shoots of lantana according to the desired contour or size, leaving at least 1-2 pairs of leaves on the branches. Both a strong haircut and a light pinching of the tops of lanthanum endure equally well.

If lantanas hibernate in the warmth or begin to lose their decorative effect and require rejuvenation, a radical pruning is carried out on them, leaving only the lower buds on the branches, and where the old shoots are strongly stretched out, cutting off the lignified shoots. Such lanthanas require a mandatory transplant.

Lantana, despite the rapid flowering and seemingly difficult to restrain growth, are one of the best candidates for indoor topiary. The crown of a plant can be carefully, carefully cut in a certain shape, most often - emphasizing the natural density and spherical silhouettes.

Neat and elegant balls on boles can become a small miracle in containers. Especially often, according to the strict canon, those lantanas that are grown as indoor garden or garden with wintering indoors are cut.

Lantana can be grown as a standard plant and the stem is surprisingly easy to form. To transform the rainbow nettle into a tree, it is enough not to touch the central shoot until it grows to a height of more than 60 cm, and remove only all lateral branches, leaving the base of the shoot "naked" to a height of 30-50 cm. Above 50 cm, the "trunk »Lanthanum should not be driven out; longer legs will prevent the plant from being resistant.

Transplant, containers and substrate

Lantana camara grows very quickly and just as rapidly assimilates the available soil. The rapid development of both the aerial part and the rhizome requires regular transplantation. Despite the fact that, like any other tub, it is better to transplant lantana as needed, it is usually transshipped annually. Only plants in a neglected state or formed into strict stems do not have time to master the entire substrate in a year.

Usually, due to the lack of space for the development of roots and the depletion of the soil of lantana, Kamaras cease to bloom. If the transplant is not carried out, it is still necessary for the plant to replace the topsoil with a fresh nutrient substrate.

For lantana, be sure to select large, spacious, deep containers with good drainage holes.

Loose and nutritious soil mixtures are preferred for this crop, but not overly fertile soils. Lantana depletes any substrate quite quickly, but excessive fertility impairs flowering and stimulates rapid growth, but the choice of a medium or low-nutrient substrate allows you to better restrain the plant and increase flowering.

For lantana camara, simple earth mixtures of leafy earth with sand in equal parts or substrates consisting of sod, leafy soil, peat and sand with a dominance of soddy soil are suitable. When choosing purchased substrates, soil mixtures with a complex composition are used and an additional portion of loosening components must be added.

Transplanting is usually carried out in the form of transplanting with shortening of the roots after reaching the maximum volume of containers. A high drainage layer is laid at the bottom of the tanks.

The best breeding method for lantana camara is called cuttings
The best breeding method for lantana camara is called cuttings

Diseases, pests and problems in the cultivation of lantana camara

When partially grown in the open air and in a neglected state, lanthanum camara can suffer from rust, spotting, and non-specific wilting. The fight against any diseases on the plant is carried out immediately by treatment with a systemic fungicide. When the roots decay, lantana can only be saved with an emergency transplant.

Of the pests on this unique beauty, whitefly, spider mites and aphids are not uncommon. It is also better to start the fight against insects right away with insecticide treatment.

Any preventive and therapeutic measures on camara lanthanum should be combined with moving the plant to quarantine, correcting conditions and care, trimming severely damaged parts and maintaining impeccable cleanliness and leaves.

Reproduction of lantana camara

It is not the easiest plant to reproduce. The best way for camara lantana is called cuttings: young, healthy, strong green shoots root perfectly in a constantly moist substrate or water with frequent replacement and, if properly formed, allow you to quickly get lush and beautiful bushes.

Green lantana cuttings can be cut during the entire period of active growth - from spring to autumn, while conventional pruning provides a lot of material for rooting.

If semi-lignified cuttings are used, then they are rooted only in the substrate, under the hood, and must be cut off with the heel. The main secret of any lanthanum cuttings, including camara lanthanum, is the freshness of the cuttings. You need to place the cutting in water or soil as early as possible, preventing the slices from drying out, and the leaves from losing turgor and withering.

Growth stimulants do not affect the rooting of this plant, the decisive role is played by the "freshness" of the cuttings, and not their processing. After rooting, the plants are seated in separate containers.

Lanthanas can be grown from seed, if the variety bears fruit, from freshly harvested seeds. Pre-treatment includes soaking in hot water or steaming and exposure to rooting stimulants. Sowing is carried out either immediately after collection with supplementary lighting in the winter months, or at the end of February. Lantana is sown in the same way as ordinary annuals - in light soil, under glass or film, on a slightly moistened substrate.

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