Table of contents:
- The Nymphae family
- May everything work out for you, and the plants grown by you in the pond please you
Video: Water Lily. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction, Planting. Storage, Wintering. Flower. For Pond, Aquatic Plants. Photo
The Nymphae family
Name: The water lily got its Latin name from the name of the water nymph. The Slavs called her "mermaid flower" or overpower-grass. It was believed that a water lily flower is able to protect a person during travel from various troubles and misfortunes. There was even a belief "Whoever finds a grass-beating one, that velmy will find talent … on the way, wherever he goes, he will find a lot of good and overcome evil power and ailments." It was recommended to put it in an amulet and wear it as an amulet.
Description: The genus includes almost 35 plant species growing in temperate and tropical regions - from the equator to Canada. Specifically, I will focus on one that is found in natural reservoirs in Russia - Snow-white water lily - (N. candida) In the ground, at the bottom of the reservoir, it develops a powerful rhizome with a tuberous surface, reaching 5 cm thick.
Long white cordlike roots extend downward from the rhizome, and wide, rounded in outline, with deep cuts at the base, leaves on long flexible petioles and peduncles rise up to the surface of the reservoir. Flowering of water lilies begins in May-June and sometimes continues until the first frost. The peak of flowering occurs in July-August. The flowers are snow-white with a delicate aroma, reaching 10-15 cm. Outside they have four green sepals, inside white petals arranged in several rows, passing in the center to the stamen. The flower lasts about four days. After flowering, the peduncle curls up and goes under the water. Fruit: capsule, develops under water, ripens open and pours out seeds, dressed with mucus, resembling fish eggs. they swim for a while, when the mucus breaks down, sink to the bottom and germinate.
Features of a water lily: in the morning the bud floats to the surface and opens up, in the evening the flower closes and sinks to the bottom.
In the garden, ornamental ponds, they grow mainly a hybrid water lily. For small and medium-sized reservoirs, pink water lilies are best suited, they are more hardy and do not grow much.
Locations: Water lilies prefer a sunny location. They will not bloom in full shade. Planting water lilies should be done at the rate: 1 per 0.5-4 sq. m. otherwise the reservoir will seem overgrown. He loves stagnant water, so it is not recommended to arrange fountains.
Boarding and transfer:The best time to acquire and plant is from early May to late June. Plants can be planted in the ground of a reservoir, but our own experience shows that it is best to plant a water lily in a plastic container of at least 5 liters. (it will be more convenient to clean for the winter). For planting use: peat-2-3 cm thick at the bottom of the vessel, the mixture - old compost + sand + garden soil, all in equal parts. I used commercially available aquatic plant primer. When planting a water lily, we place fertilizer balls under the roots (meat - bone meal + clay, a ball the size of a tennis ball is made). When planting, do not deepen the growth bud! We crush the soil, cover it with pebbles so that the plant does not float up. Carefully place the container with the planted plant in the pond. The optimum tank depth depends on the plant variety. Dwarf enough 15-20 cm,very tall, 70-100 cm from the growth bud to the surface. In the spring, in order to accelerate the growth and development of the plant, the container is placed in shallow water until there are leaves, after the leaves grow back to the recommended depth. Plants planted at an early date have time to take root and bloom in the first year of life in a new place.
Wintering: The most difficult part of growing water lilies is keeping them in the winter. This problem has to be solved individually. Plants can stay in their places in winter if they are at a depth of 0.5 m or more, and the reservoir is large and does not freeze to the bottom. If the reservoir can freeze to the bottom or the water is drained for the winter, then the containers with water lilies should be moved to a cool, dark, non-freezing place. Water lilies wake up in the spring when the water starts to warm up. At this time, the plant that hibernated outside the reservoir must be returned to its place. If there is not a lot of melt water in the reservoir, then tap water is added. After a few days, the water can "bloom" becoming dull green. You should not worry and change the water, after a week it will become transparent. Spring frosts are no longer scary for frost-resistant species.
Diseases and Pests: In general, these plants do not get sick, but in dry hot weather they can be damaged by aphids.
Reproduction: mainly by segments of rhizomes. Rhizomes branch and have dormant buds. A piece of rhizome with a bud is used for reproduction. It is recommended to sprinkle the cut with crushed charcoal or ash. The roots and leaves do not tolerate drying, so the division process should not be stretched. For transportation, the plant is placed in a container with water.