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Video: Cole, Or African Walnut. Description, Photo
Cole edible, or African walnut (Coula edulis) is an evergreen plant native to tropical and subtropical regions of West Africa. Although this plant has the common name "African walnut", the cole has nothing to do with the real Walnut (Juglans regia) of the Juglandaceae family. Sometimes the cole is also called the Gabonese nut.
In West African countries, where the African walnut grows naturally, various parts of the plant are used for food, medicinal purposes, as fuel, and as a building material. The valuable timber from these trees is exported to other parts of the world, where it is used for construction or furniture production.
Cole is a hardy tree, it can grow in a variety of soils and tolerates poor light well, since the African walnut usually grows in the jungle, where the upper tier of the crown of tropical plants can interfere with the passage of sunlight and reach the leaves of this tree.
Cole, or African walnut, stays green all year round, blooms in late spring and bears fruit in autumn.
The nuts resemble walnuts in size and shape, with no obvious smell. Countries that grow African walnut trees use them in their natural form for the preparation of flour, the production of cooking oil.
In the world, the African walnut is popular primarily because of the color and high quality of the wood. The color of the wood has a very wide range of colors: from golden yellow to reddish brown.
Cole wood can be used in the construction of buildings or furniture. It is a tough material that is resistant to kinks and many types of pest infestations, yet susceptible to termitic infestations.
In West African countries, African walnut wood is often used in the construction of buildings, bridges, and other large structures. Cole wood is also commonly used for flooring.
The export value of this tree's timber makes it impractical for use in large construction projects in areas outside West Africa, as it is they are too expensive.