Video: Koprosma. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Decorative Deciduous. Houseplants. Flowers. A Photo
Koprosma (Coprosma, family Madder) is one of the five largest plant families. By 2009, the family includes from 611 to 618 genera and about 13,500 species) - a low plant, the appearance of which can be very diverse. Depending on the type of koprosma, it is a shrub, semi-shrub, tree or climbing plant. The leaves of the koprosma are ovate or elliptical, glossy, dark green, 2.5 - 7 cm long, their edges are slightly bent. The flowers of the koprosma are small, white or greenish, collected in an inflorescence head. In their place, orange-green berries are tied.
The following types of koprosma are grown in room conditions: creeping koprosma (Coprosma repens), light koprosma (Coprosma lucida), Kirk's koprosma (Coprosma kirkii). The latter type has a variety of variegata ('variegata') with a white border around the edge of the leaf. Koposma shoots can be fixed on a wire frame, giving the plant the shape of a wreath, a ball, or let them go along the retaining wall.
Koprosma is a very light-loving plant that requires a sunny location, but on hot days koprosma may need shading. In summer, the optimal temperature for koprosma is about 20 ° C, it is better to take the plant out into fresh air. In winter, koprosma can be kept at 5 - 10 ° C. Air humidity for koprosma needs moderate, occasionally it is useful to spray the plant.
Koposma is watered abundantly in summer, moderately in winter, with cool winter content, one should beware of overmoistening the soil. Top dressing of koprosma is carried out in the summer twice a month with full mineral fertilizer. To enhance branching and give the desired shape, the tops of the shoots should be regularly pinched. Young plants are transplanted annually in spring, adults - after a year. The substrate is prepared from a mixture of sod and leafy soil, humus and sand in a ratio of 1: 1: 1: 0.5. Reproduction is carried out by semi-lignified cuttings. Soil temperature should be 18 - 20 ° C, rooting is best done in autumn, in September.
Of the pests of koprosm, aphids can be affected. At the same time, sticky insect secretions are noticeable on the leaves. Infected plants should be sprayed with actellik.
© Forest & Kim Starr