Cleoma Prickly Is An Annual Spider Flower. Growing From Seeds. Planting And Leaving. Flower. Photo

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Cleoma Prickly Is An Annual Spider Flower. Growing From Seeds. Planting And Leaving. Flower. Photo
Cleoma Prickly Is An Annual Spider Flower. Growing From Seeds. Planting And Leaving. Flower. Photo

Video: Cleoma Prickly Is An Annual Spider Flower. Growing From Seeds. Planting And Leaving. Flower. Photo

Отличия серверных жестких дисков от десктопных
Video: How to Grow Cleome Spider Plant from Seed Growing Cut Flower Garden Annuals 2023, January
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Among the annual stars, few of the plants can compete in size with cleoma. This is a unique shrub, surprising not only with its beauty, but also with its stickiness. But nevertheless, the main attention of cleoma is attracted by “thorny” inflorescences with amazing airy flowers. This not the easiest annual to grow is suitable for anyone looking for exotic solutions among seasonal garden decorations. Cleoma is one of the most original non-resistant plants.

Cleome Spinosa
Cleome Spinosa

Content:

  • Botanical description of prickly cleoma
  • The use of prickly cleoma in garden decoration
  • Selection of partners for cleoma
  • Conditions required for cleome prickly
  • Planting cleoma prickly
  • Care of prickly glue
  • Growing cleoma from seeds

Botanical description of prickly cleoma

For those looking for unusual annuals, cleoma can be a real find. All features of cleoma - from the size and leaves to the details of the flowers - seem to defy the plants from among the classic annuals. It is easy to guess at first glance that cleoma belongs to the category of exotics.

Cleome is a large genus of colorful plants from the Cleomaceae family. Cleoma prickly is the most common and valuable species of its kind. North Africa is considered the birthplace of this amazing exotic, although prickly cleoma is also found in South America. In the West, the plant is better known under the name of the spider flower; here it is often called "spider". There is also confusion in the interpretations of the official name: the plant is equally called cleome and cleome.

Cleomenes barbed (Cleome Spinosa) - herbaceous annual plant, which produces amazingly powerful bushes. Due to its special shoots and structure, despite its status as a seasonal plant, it is most logical to classify glue as a subshrub.

This is one of the tallest annuals, in addition to real giants: the height of the cleoma usually exceeds 1 m, and in comfortable conditions the plant can also create one and a half meter bushes.

The shoots of the plant are powerful, branched only in the upper part, woody from below, glandular-pubescent and sticky. Cleoma leaves at the top of the shoots turn into simple lanceolate leaves, but most of the greenery is represented by complex pinnate petioles, divided into whole-edged lanceolate lobes by alternate leaves in the amount of 5-7 pcs. Stipules are short, spiny.

Due to its abundant flowering, cleoma deserves a worthy place in the lists of the best horticultural crops. The aesthetic appeal of the plant's inflorescences is simply inimitable.

Cleoma prickly blooms all summer, when grown through seedlings - from July, but until the first frost. Cleoma bloom fascinates with its lines and details. Filigree, graceful, seemingly weightless, regular flowers are collected in very large inflorescences-brushes on fairly long peduncles. Four large petals seem huge, despite the fact that the diameter of the flower is only up to 3 cm.The petals are located on one side of the flower, and on the other, a column and long blue or lilac stamens attract attention, which serve as a real decoration of the plant, resembling needles then spider legs.

Flowers in a multi-flowered cluster bloom from bottom to top, gradually the inflorescence lengthens more and more, faded flowers are replaced by fruit bolls sticking out in all directions on long pedicels. Individual cleoma flowers evoke associations with butterflies stuck to the bushes or graceful fairies. Cleome prickly has an unpleasant smell, although only slightly perceptible at a distance, and almost imperceptible in the garden.

The color range of prickly cleoma is very diverse. The plant offers a choice between a variety of delicate, pastel colors. Whites and pinks, yellows, lilacs and purples, cleomas always look great. Cleomes are chosen precisely by color, the name of the variety usually directly indicates the shade of the flowers (for example, snow-white "Alba", pink "Pink Queen" and dark pink "Giant Pink Queen", yellow undersized variety "Golden Sparkler", etc.). the variety catalogs contain common and dwarf cleomas.

The plant forms seeds in large quantities even in regions with severe winters. They can be harvested on their own in September, after the ripening of the seed pods - monocular pod-shaped fruits 2-3 cm long, sitting on a stem twice as long. Seeds remain germinating for a very long time, up to 3 years.

Flowering cleoma prickly
Flowering cleoma prickly

The use of prickly cleoma in garden decoration

The status of a beautifully blooming exotic plant and one of the most original flowering plants for any garden with prickly cleoma cannot be disputed. This is a unique annual, capable of standing out against the background of any plants and still the first to attract the eye even in the most variegated composition.

There is only one rule in using this plant: it is better not to use glue in flower beds, and in the garden as a whole, as single plants. This spectacular beauty best of all reveals its beauty in groups of at least three plants.

Kleoma prickly is planted:

  • in classic flower beds;
  • in mixborders;
  • as decoration for groups of shrubs;
  • in discounts;
  • to create temporary hedges;
  • in the front garden;
  • in rockeries and rock gardens;
  • in flower beds made of exotic plants;
  • in flower beds from summer houses;
  • for decorating a decorative garden.

Cleoma prickly is a valuable cutting plant. Its inflorescences in arrangements last up to 10 days, which does not prevent cleome from remaining an exotic favorite of florists.

Cleoma in the garden is also used to create temporary hedges
Cleoma in the garden is also used to create temporary hedges

Selection of partners for cleoma

Cleoma prickly will attract attention in any company. The best partners, shading the beauty of the plant, are rightly considered low-growing, flowering annuals or spicy herbs, for example, oregano, sage and hyssop.

Excellent partners for cleoma will be annual verbena, kosmeya, scented tobacco, annual phlox, brilliant sage, lavater, zinnias, delphiniums, nasturtiums, heliotropes, calendula. Of the perennials, cleoma looks good with rudbeckia, yucca, echinacea, roses, ornamental grasses, any plants with basket inflorescences, as well as with all ornamental deciduous crops without exception.

Unexpectedly, prickly cleoma combines well with large climbing vegetables - cucumbers, beans, zucchini, growing nearby allows you to achieve better pollination of both crops.

Cleoma in the garden goes well with spicy and ornamental grasses and cereals
Cleoma in the garden goes well with spicy and ornamental grasses and cereals

Conditions required for cleome prickly

To select a comfortable place in the garden, it is enough to take into account the natural distribution area of ​​prickly cleoma. This tropical and African giant is a real sun worshiper, so in the gardens, especially in the middle lane, the brightest "southern" areas are chosen for the plant. Any shading for this summer is unacceptable. Cold winds and drafts should be avoided, paying attention to the most protected and warmest places.

When choosing soils, the main attention should be paid to good drainage: the plant will not tolerate any dampness, stagnant water. Important for cleoma prickly and fertility, and light texture of the soil. This plant prefers to grow in sandy soils, fresh, well-worked. The reaction of the soil for the cleoma of prickly must remain neutral.

Planting cleoma prickly

Before planting in the soil, it is better to add organic fertilizers (the plant does not like fresh manure, the addition of compost provides the optimal texture and necessary characteristics of the soil). Also, a portion of complete mineral fertilizers is added to the soil. For cleoma, it is important to dig deeply, since the plant forms powerful and deep roots.

Kleoma prickly in the form of seedlings is planted at a considerable distance from neighboring plants, leaving between the plants from 40 to 70 cm, depending on the expected height of the bush.

Planting is carried out while maintaining an earthen coma around the roots. After planting, be sure to carry out abundant watering.

Cleoma prickly in bloom
Cleoma prickly in bloom

Care of prickly glue

It cannot be said about cleomes that they do not require any maintenance, but you cannot call them exotic, difficult to grow. Watering and fertilizing - that's all that is needed to successfully grow them.

Watering for cleoma is carried out regularly, maintaining abundant flowering and vigorous growth. Due to the plant's drought resistance, this point of care is more likely not like taking care of an ordinary summer plant, but like the usual cultivation of ornamental shrubs and perennials. Cleome prickly enough usual maintenance watering, deep soil saturation during the dry season with a frequency of 1 time per week. Frequent watering of the plant is not only not required, but can also lead to the death of this beauty, who is afraid of dampness.

Top dressing for prickly cleoma is no different from the care program for any beautifully flowering summer tree. This culture is content with 1 feeding every 2 weeks. For the plant, universal complex fertilizers are used.

Despite the exotic status, prickly cleoma pleasantly surprises with its endurance and resistance. The plant is harmed only by an excess of moisture, which contributes to the spread of powdery mildew and gray rot. At the stage of growing seedlings, dampness causes damage to seedlings by the "black leg".

Regular removal of wilting flowers, fading inflorescences for cleoma is not necessary: ​​this procedure will not allow to prolong and stretch the flowering of prickly cleoma, since ripening pod pods not only do not spoil the appearance of inflorescences, but also do not affect the total duration of flowering.

Ripening pod pods do not spoil the appearance of cleoma inflorescences
Ripening pod pods do not spoil the appearance of cleoma inflorescences

Growing cleoma from seeds

According to the methods of propagation, cleoma prickly is a typical annual plant. It is grown from seeds (purchased or harvested by yourself).

Cleoma seeds can be sown:

  • before winter, directly into the soil (embedding depth - about 1.5 cm);
  • in spring, but only by growing through seedlings.

It is quite easy to grow seedlings with glue. Sowing is carried out during March, using a versatile loose substrate and low containers. Before sowing cleoma, the prickly soil must be disinfected. It is advisable to sow sparsely, scattering seeds into grooves with a depth of 1 to 1.5 cm. Watering is carried out before and after sowing from a fine spray gun. Containers with crops must be covered with transparent film or glass, but they must be lifted and ventilated daily. Provided regular watering is accurate, the first shoots may appear in 15-20 days. The dive is carried out only after the appearance of the third true leaf.

Seedlings of prickly cleoma are hardened for as long as possible. It is necessary to moisten the soil carefully, because crops are easy to lose from the "black leg". It can be put in a permanent place only after the threat of return frosts disappears. Usually glue is planted in late May or June.

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