How To Properly Care For Lychnis? Planting And Leaving. Growing Outdoors. Photo

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How To Properly Care For Lychnis? Planting And Leaving. Growing Outdoors. Photo
How To Properly Care For Lychnis? Planting And Leaving. Growing Outdoors. Photo

Video: How To Properly Care For Lychnis? Planting And Leaving. Growing Outdoors. Photo

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Strange, dazzlingly bright, outlandish, sloppy - what kind of epithets do garden lichnises get. These perennials combine winter hardiness and unpretentiousness with an outlandish appearance. Culture has become one of the favorite species and is found in both the trendiest design projects and in private gardens. The main advantage of lychnis is ease of care. Indeed, in order to admire the dazzling colors of the inflorescences, it is enough just not to forget about timely feeding.

Common dawn, or Chalcedony dawn, also Lychnis chalcedonica
Common dawn, or Chalcedony dawn, also Lychnis chalcedonica

Dawn, adonis, or botanical lychnis - like these irreplaceable and inimitable herbaceous perennials from the Clove family, all the names immediately evoke associations with dazzling colors. Moreover, the latter are characteristic not only of flowers, but also of leaves. Likhnis are bright, "obedient" and surprisingly undemanding plants, combining both high decorativeness and ease of cultivation.

Content:

  • Lichnis description
  • Lichnis care in the open field
  • Lychnis wintering
  • Pest and disease control

Lichnis description

Lychnis (Lychnis) - herbaceous perennials of the rhizome type, forming dense attractive sod, which sometimes look somewhat sloppy. The height of the bushes is from 15 to 90 cm. Numerous straight shoots are combined with lanceolate-ovate leaves. Both shoots and foliage are covered with a velvety edge, but their color is different: shoots and peduncles are most often purple-reddish, and the leaves are dazzlingly bright green. But lychnis is not valued for the greenery.

Bizarre capitate or corymbose inflorescences at the tops of the shoots consist of large unusual flowers with two-lobed or four-part petals and dazzling colors - bright scarlet, blood red, orange, yellow, pink or white. After flowering in lychnis, many-root fruits are tied, hiding rather large, kidney-shaped dark seeds that remain viable for a long time.

All types of lychnis that are used as perennial plants - both chalcedony lychnis and Arkwright, and alpine, sparkling, crown, Haage, Jupiter - are similar in cultivation. These are drought-resistant and frost-resistant plants that need the simplest care.

Lichnis care in the open field

The main thing to take care of when growing lychnis is bright lighting. These are light-loving perennials, which stretch out in strong shade, deform, not to mention weak flowering. Lychnis do not show themselves too well even in the slightest shade, showing lag in growth, smaller size and brightness of flowers.

For lichnis, it is better to select soils from among moist, high-quality, loose, sandy loam or loamy. Damp soils, stagnant water, constantly high humidity are not liked by all lichnis. Waterlogging is very dangerous for lychnis during watering and in spring or autumn. Therefore, increased attention should be paid to drainage and the selection of sites where there is no risk of stagnant water. Lichnis cannot stand acidic soils. At the planting site, it is better to improve the soil in advance by adding complete mineral and organic fertilizers, sand or other loosening additives to it. The reaction of the soil is preferably neutral or slightly calcareous.

Lichnis are planted, leaving a distance of about 25-35 cm between the plants. A closer planting will lead to a rapid degeneration of sods and vulnerability to diseases, more rarely - to the fact that the plant does not form continuous spots and will look sloppy.

Lychnis crown, or Leathery adonis (Lychnis coronaria) synonym Crown resin (Silene coronaria)
Lychnis crown, or Leathery adonis (Lychnis coronaria) synonym Crown resin (Silene coronaria)

Lichnis requirements for moisture and watering

Likhnis are quite drought-resistant and can do without watering. But long periods of drought negatively affect the size and number of inflorescences, so it is better to provide watering for this perennial. When natural precipitation is not enough, lichnis should be supported by additional irrigation with a frequency of 1 time per week and deep soil wetting. This plant does not like waterlogging, therefore, it is better not to overdo it with watering even during flowering.

Loosening and weeding

It is important for lichnis to keep the soil consistently loose. After any precipitation or watering, the soil is loosened. Mulching also contributes to the maintenance of soil characteristics. Weeds easily "clog" and suppress the plant, so they should be removed as early as possible.

Pruning and rejuvenation of lychnis

In lichnis, it is advisable to remove faded inflorescences. Without removing the wilting flowers before the fruit begins to ripen, the flowering period is significantly shortened.

The main pruning of lichnis is carried out in the fall, completely cutting off the aerial part and leaving no dry stems until spring.

If the lichens were planted on windy areas, then the plants will need support in the form of tying to a support.

These perennials are not inclined to quickly lose their decorative effect, but it is better not to leave lichnis in one place for more than 5 years. Separation and transplanting allows you to never see the "negative" sides of lychnis (their carelessness and carelessness), keep the plant highly decorative and lush blooming.

In the cultivation of lychnis, one atypical problem can arise: the plant is not only non-aggressive, but also does not react well to rapidly growing competitors. If partners or surrounding cultures are prone to overgrowth, then they can displace lychnis completely. Therefore, you should pay attention to the "suppressive attempts" of neighboring plants and immediately take measures to protect your favorite adonis.

Common dawn, or Chalcedony dawn, also Lychnis chalcedonica
Common dawn, or Chalcedony dawn, also Lychnis chalcedonica

Top dressing for lychnis

For this perennial, it is advisable to apply regular feeding. Fertilizers for lychnis begin to be applied the next year after planting.

The standard approach is three feedings of Lychnis per year:

  1. Early spring feeding with nitrogen or full mineral fertilizers.
  2. Top dressing at the peak of flowering with full mineral fertilizer.
  3. Top dressing after flowering with potassium-phosphorus fertilizers.

Another strategy can be applied: fertilize only twice, using nitrogen in the spring and potassium-phosphorus fertilization during flowering.

Lychnis wintering

It is no coincidence that Lyhnis are ranked among hardy, frost-resistant perennials. But in snowless winters, especially in the first two years, lichnis can suffer from freezing of the soil and the absence of stable conditions, constant fluctuations in temperature and humidity. Therefore, for this perennial, the best strategy is a preventive shelter. It is enough just high mulch or light hilling, covering with spruce branches.

Lychnis arkwrightii
Lychnis arkwrightii

Pest and disease control

Lichnis are considered resistant plants, which in optimal conditions and with regular care do not threaten problems. But if these perennials suffer from waterlogging, too frequent and abundant watering, are planted very densely, then they can be vulnerable to spotting, rust, root rot. It is better to deal with problems by correcting care and keeping conditions, transplanting, copper-containing fungicides.

Lyhnis in neglect or in the vicinity of infected plants are threatened by aphids, leafworms and slobbering pennies. You can fight pests with biological agents (for example, a solution of tobacco) and insecticides. If the plant was infected, then in addition to fighting in the next 2-3 years before the flowers bloom, it is imperative to carry out preventive spraying.

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