Growing And Caring For A Loosestrife. Planting, Reproduction. Photo

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Growing And Caring For A Loosestrife. Planting, Reproduction. Photo
Growing And Caring For A Loosestrife. Planting, Reproduction. Photo

Video: Growing And Caring For A Loosestrife. Planting, Reproduction. Photo

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Video: Growing Gooseneck Loosestrife - Plant Care 2023, January
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The willow loosestrife is not only one of the largest, but also the most "reliable" garden perennials. He creates festive and vivid compositions, conquering with the beauty of the soaring “spiers” of inflorescences soaring over dense curtains. In nature, this amazing plant prefers to grow along the banks of rivers and lakes, reaching truly gigantic proportions. But in the garden, the loosestrife will amaze with its size and brightness. Regardless of whether we are talking about basic species or individual varieties, all loosestriders show themselves as amazingly hardy and unpretentious plants.

Loosestrife, or Plakun-grass (Lythrum salicaria)
Loosestrife, or Plakun-grass (Lythrum salicaria)

Content:

  • Conditions necessary for a loosestrider
  • Features of looser care
  • Breeding loosestrife

Conditions necessary for a loosestrider

Derbenniki are rightfully considered one of the most flexible perennial garden plants that can grow equally successfully on sites with different conditions. This plant thrives only in bright enough light. It is better for him to choose sunny or slightly shaded areas, open and warm places.

As for the soil, everything is much more complicated here. Placun grass will thrive in any moist, nutritious and light soils, but will not thrive in overly compacted, poor, and all types of dry loose soils. That is why, when choosing a place for a loosestrife, first of all, you need to focus on the water bodies in the garden.

A pond, especially a landscape type, as well as streams are an ideal choice for this plant. But with compensation for moisture levels and constant maintenance of its indicators, the loosestrife will be able to settle in ordinary garden soil. When choosing a growing site, keep in mind that plakun-grass during the summer endures immersion in water to a depth of 30 cm, is not afraid of stagnant waterlogging in the hottest season.

Loose planting rules

The planting of loosestrife is carried out according to the usual scheme. Before planting on the bottom of the pit or in the soil before digging, it is advisable to apply organic fertilizers, and after planting, be sure to water the plants abundantly. The recommended planting distance is 35 cm for seed-derived plants and about 50 cm for cuttings.

Derbennik does not lose its decorative effect for many years, it has been introduced into gardens for decades. He has no requirements for permanent or regular transplants, rejuvenation and separation. It is necessary to transplant plants as needed, then when their sizes exceed the permissible norms or old curtains lose their decorative effect.

Features of looser care

The loosestrife belongs to those garden plants that practically do not need care. The exception is crops that are planted in insufficiently moist soil. For such loosestriders, it is necessary to constantly compensate for moisture evaporation and maintain stable soil indicators. Regular and abundant watering, in particular, is necessary for all loosestrife growing on flower beds.

But those that grow near water bodies do not need watering at all. But at the same time, one should not be afraid that a short-term drought and complete drying out of the soil will deplorably affect the attractiveness of plakun-grass: loosestriders really prefer wet conditions, but are so hardy that they will not suffer from their absence for a certain period.

Willow loosestrife, or Plakun-grass
Willow loosestrife, or Plakun-grass

Top dressing for loosestrife

In order for the loosestrife to have enough nutrients in the soil for abundant and prolonged flowering, it is necessary to maintain stable soil characteristics annually by the method of early spring feeding. It is best to cover the soil with compost or peat, which will play the role of not only a long-lasting fertilizer, but also a means of maintaining stable soil moisture. It is advisable to carry out the first mulching immediately after planting, and then renew it annually in the spring. But you can replace mulching with fertilizers in the soil.

With the beginning of the flowering period, in order to achieve the greatest decorative effect of the loosestrife, it is advisable to use mineral fertilizers for additional stimulation of the formation of new peduncles. Any fertilizer mixture for garden flowering plants will work. The only requirement is the minimum nitrogen content in them. Plakun-grass, unlike all other perennials, reacts to an excess of nitrogen not by actively growing greenery, but by lodging shoots.

Willow loosestrife
Willow loosestrife

Pruning loosestrife

Pruning is a mandatory component of caring for this perennial. Traditionally, only one pruning is carried out, sanitary, removing the ground parts left over from last year. The loosestrife can also be cut at the end of autumn, completely cutting off all above-ground parts at the root, or leaving dry shoots to decorate the winter garden and carry out such a complete pruning in the spring.

Formative pruning is carried out depending on the quality in which the loosestrife grows and how important the shape and silhouette are for the beauty of the overall composition. In natural-style gardens, the loosestrife does not need such pruning, but if you want to maintain a more accurate and architectural form of the plant, then during the summer it is advisable to carry out a formation that gives the bushes a greater density and regularity of shape.

Do not forget to cut off the faded flower stalks before the seeds ripen. This plant is prone to self-seeding and due to this it is quite aggressive, the seeds germinate quickly and take root very well, therefore, the timeliness of cutting the inflorescences will prevent the unwanted spread of loosestrife in the garden.

Diseases and pests

These large perennials are considered pest and disease resistant. But in garden culture, especially on flower beds with roses, they are often attacked by aphids, which easily move to dense loosestrife from neighboring plants. Therefore, in compositions with loosestrife, it is extremely important to conduct constant monitoring for the earliest possible detection of pests and prevent their spread. It is better to fight aphids on this plant immediately with insecticides.

Winter hardiness of plakun-grass

Without exception, all loosestrife are frost-resistant hardy plants, which, for successful wintering in the middle zone, do not need to provide even the slightest shelter in the form of hilling with dry leaves, and even more so to create intensive protection.

Willow loosestrife
Willow loosestrife

Breeding loosestrife

Derbenniki can be propagated both by seeds and by dividing a bush or by rooting root cuttings.

Vegetative methods

The easiest way to get new plants is by dividing adult bushes, which can be done at any time convenient for you, both in spring and autumn. Since the rhizome of the loosestrife is powerful, woody, it is necessary to use a sharp ax or shovel for separation. The bushes are divided into 2-3 parts with strong enough roots and several points of growth. It makes no sense to separate small fragments of a loosestrife, because the plants will take too long to adapt and recover, they may not take root at all.

Since the process of digging and separating the rhizomes of the loosestrife is very laborious, and the plant itself is large, the optimal method of propagation from among vegetative ones is an alternative method - the separation of basal cuttings together with the heel. They take root easily in all wet conditions under the hood.

Willow loosestrife, or Plakun-grass
Willow loosestrife, or Plakun-grass

Seed propagation of loosestrife

Derbenniki are able to reproduce by seeds independently, but from the collected seeds, powerful plants capable of flowering can be obtained. Sowing seeds is carried out either in seedlings or in open soil. It is advisable to plant seeds in the ground before winter to ensure the necessary stratification. They are sown for seedlings in March. For this breeding method, it is desirable to use a loose, nutritious substrate.

On the surface of the soil, seeds are sprinkled quite rarely, they are only slightly covered with soil and mandatory spraying is carried out. Germination is carried out under glass or film at temperatures from 15 to 18 degrees. Young shoots are grown to the stage of releasing 3 true leaves, after which each plant must be planted in separate containers.

Loose grass seedlings can be transferred to the soil only after the threats of return frosts have completely disappeared. The recommended planting distance is about 30 cm. Plants obtained from seeds bloom not earlier than in the second and third years after sowing.

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