Darlingtonia Is A Predatory Cobra. Carnivorous Plants. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Photo

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Darlingtonia Is A Predatory Cobra. Carnivorous Plants. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Photo
Darlingtonia Is A Predatory Cobra. Carnivorous Plants. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Photo

Video: Darlingtonia Is A Predatory Cobra. Carnivorous Plants. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Photo

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Video: Cobra Plant Darlingtonia Care and Seed Sowing 2023, January
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The predatory plant Darlingtonia, whose leaves resemble a cobra with a loose hood preparing to attack, is considered a rare genus of the Sarracenia family and is carefully protected under the Washington Convention. The area of ​​distribution of Darlington in the wild is very limited - it is a relatively small area between the US states of Oregon and California. Depending on the favorable external factors, the leaves of darlingtonia grow up to a meter in length, and the nondescript flowers of this plant can reach 6 cm in diameter.

Darlingtonia californica (Darlingtonia californica)
Darlingtonia californica (Darlingtonia californica)

Content:

  • Description of Darlingtonia
  • Features of growing darlingtonia
  • Darlingtonia care
  • Reproduction of darlingtonia
  • Types of darlingtonia

Description of Darlingtonia

Sarracinia family - Sarraceniaceae.

A very rare houseplant. Requires great experience and care from the grower. This single species of the genus is called the Californian Darlingtonia - Darlingtonia californica, grows in the swamps of North America from California to Oregon.

Darlingtonia leaves, transformed into traps, resemble a cobra with a swollen neck preparing to attack. It catches its victims, attracting them with its emitted smell. On the inner surface of the leaf are glands that secrete nectar that attracts insects. The walls of the trap leaves are covered with hairs that allow the movement of insects only inward.

Insects fall into storage traps from which they can no longer get out. They dissolve in the digestive juices, and the plant receives the necessary nutrients. But this is like an additional dish, the main nutrients come through the root system.

Very beautiful yellowish-orange or red-brown flowers on long stems appear in mid-June, similar to water lilies with bowed heads. It is very difficult to adapt darlingtonia to indoor conditions. Best of all, it takes root in special greenhouse boxes, protected from low temperatures by moss or leaves. Being in the dark during the rest period does not harm them. Since the plant is marsh, the best substrate for them will be ordinary peat, which can be mixed with sand and coniferous soil.

Darlingtonia
Darlingtonia

Features of growing darlingtonia

Location: bright to sunny, in summer it must be protected from direct sunlight. In winter, they are kept at low temperatures, but not in the cold.

Lighting: Darlingtonia prefers bright lighting.

Watering: Since this plant is a marsh plant, it must be watered very abundantly, and it is best to dig the pot into damp peat or put it on a stand in a bowl of water and water it often. Use only settled, soft water. During the dormant period, almost no watering.

Air humidity: preferably moderate.

Reproduction: knead with seeds, which is very difficult at home. Better - in the spring, by division.

Darlingtonia californica (Darlingtonia californica)
Darlingtonia californica (Darlingtonia californica)

Darlingtonia care

Darlingtonia prefers a humid, semi-shaded area. Direct rays of the sun harm her more than lack of light. For irrigation, use only soft water that does not contain calcium and magnesium salts. It is best not to feed the plant with fertilizers. For transplanting, you must use a special soil designed for growing azaleas.

High humidity is also important. Darlingtonia does not need very warm content, the best is a temperature of about 18 ° C. For old plants in winter, a dormant period is necessary, during which they are kept in a bright place with a temperature of 6-10 ° C and watered very moderately.

The best substrate is live sphagnum, but more often a mixture of peat, leaf earth, sand and charcoal is used in a ratio of 2: 0.5: 0.5.

The plant is transplanted once every 3 years.

If insect pests are found, it is better to use treatment with infusions and decoctions of insecticidal plants, since darlingtonia is very sensitive to chemicals, or, in extreme cases, reduce their dose by half against the recommended one.

Reproduction of darlingtonia

Darlingtonia is propagated by seeds, which need light for germination, so they are not sprinkled with earth on top. Young plants do not have a dormant period, and they must be kept at a temperature of 16-18 ° C all year round.

Darlingtonia californica (Darlingtonia californica)
Darlingtonia californica (Darlingtonia californica)

Types of darlingtonia

Darlingtonia californica (Darlingtonia californica)

This spectacular plant of the Sarraceniaceae family is the only one of its kind and has an extremely unusual appearance. According to the Washington Convention, Californian Darlingtonia (Darlingtonia californica) is a strictly protected species in nature.

Origin: Californian Darlingtonia (Darlingtonia californica) has a small distribution in North America between the states of California and Oregon.

Appearance: This insectivorous plant is found in wet meadows, where, under especially favorable conditions, its trapping leaves, collected in a small rosette and similar to jugs, reach a length of almost 1 m.The upper helmet-shaped part of the jugs with an entrance is always directed outward of the rosette. The entrance to the opening of the jug is decorated with a two-winged bright petal-shaped outgrowth - a helmet.

The inside of the jug is in places devoid of chlorophyll, resulting in the effect of light-transmitting "windows". Insects attracted by light spots fly under the helmet and inevitably fall into the jug, which is covered from the inside with long, sharp hairs directed downward, which prevents them from going out. Darlingtonia flowers are inconspicuous, although they often reach a diameter of 6 cm.

Darlingtonia is a very spectacular, exotic plant! Its unusual appearance is striking in its beauty. It may be a whimsical plant, but it's worth growing.

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