The Lily Of The Valley, Or Galezia, Is An Elegant Rarity. Growing, Planting And Care. Photo

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The Lily Of The Valley, Or Galezia, Is An Elegant Rarity. Growing, Planting And Care. Photo
The Lily Of The Valley, Or Galezia, Is An Elegant Rarity. Growing, Planting And Care. Photo

Video: The Lily Of The Valley, Or Galezia, Is An Elegant Rarity. Growing, Planting And Care. Photo

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Video: Lily of the Valley Plant Profile 2023, February
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The lily of the valley tree is one of the most beautifully flowering representatives of woody plants. And at the same time - one of the rarest. The magnificent galezia (chalesia) is considered a crop that is completely unsuitable for growing in the middle lane. But she has species and varieties that adapt well even to a harsh climate. Of course, like any exotic, galezia will require careful care, but all efforts will pay off. After all, the luxurious delicate flowering of an elegant lily of the valley tree is worth all the trouble.

Khalesia, or Mountain Galezia. The people are called "Lily of the valley tree". © Carlin
Khalesia, or Mountain Galezia. The people are called "Lily of the valley tree". © Carlin

Content:

  • Exquisite flowering of galezia of rare beauty
  • Galezia species suitable for the middle lane
  • Features of the use of galezia in ornamental gardening
  • Conditions Needed by Galesia
  • Planting a lily of the valley
  • Galezia care
  • Wintering galezia
  • Galezia pest and disease control
  • Reproduction of a lily of the valley

Exquisite flowering of galezia of rare beauty

When galezia is called amazingly beautiful, strikingly spectacular and incomparable - all these loud epithets are in no way an exaggeration. Its botanical name is galesia (we often use the name halesia), the plant received in honor of the biologist Stefan Hale. But more popular more poetic epithets - tree snow drops (snow drop tree), our Landysheva tree and English Silverbell Tree - « Tree silver bells." Such names really convey the character of this amazing exotic much better.

Galezia (halesia) - Halesia, or lily of the valley tree - beautifully blooming exotic native to North America. This plant belongs to Styrax and develops in the form of rather large deciduous trees or shrubs. True, it is impossible to enjoy the beauty of the flowering of a 20-30-meter tree in countries with harsh winters: galezia never reaches its maximum height, most often being limited to 3-5 m. But even when frozen, it retains its natural pyramidal, wide and neat crown.

In our gardens, galezia (chalesia) often develops in the form of a large shrub. It is a fast growing breed that develops slowly only in the early years. The foliage of the galezia is very beautiful, with an elliptical narrowed shape with a sharp tip, leaf plates up to 15 cm long. The dazzling green color of the leaves during blooming creates a surprisingly beautiful background for graceful flowering (greens usually bloom during flowering). Then bright light green is replaced by dark green.

Galezia flowers are large, drooping, bell-shaped. The corolla consists of 4 petals. The plant got its nickname "lily of the valley" because the structure of the flower and stalks really resemble lilies of the valley. But galezia attracts attention even before the flowers bloom: pinkish buds, not yet freed from gray kidney scales, shine on the branches. The appearance of a blooming galezia seems to be snow-white, although the petals themselves can be either snow-white or whitish-pink in color.

The flowering of galezia cannot be called otherwise than noble. It is unusual, but not in terms of catchy wonder, but thanks to exquisite sophistication and extraordinary elegance. Galezia blooms in May-June, and even though the period itself lasts only 2 weeks, it is impossible to forget the sight of a blooming lily of the valley tree. And from the fact that an amazing spectacle unfolds against the background of a no longer empty garden, but in the soft colors of spring full bloom, the beauty of the lily of the valley tree seems even more dazzling, and the shape of the inflorescences is strikingly touching, jewelry.

You should prepare for the fact that galezia blooms late enough, from 6-8 years of age. And abundant flowering is not an annual phenomenon. The more severe the frosts, the more unstable the winter, the higher the likelihood of damage to flower buds. Therefore, in seasons with medium and stable winters, galezia will bloom amazingly beautifully, and in extremely harsh winters, it may not release a single flower at all or bloom poorly.

Khalesia, or mountain halesia (halesia tetraptera)
Khalesia, or mountain halesia (halesia tetraptera)

Galezia species suitable for the middle lane

Choosing the right type of galezia is the key to growing it successfully. Without exception, all galezia (chalesia) become more hardy over time, their winter hardiness increases. But for regions with severe winters, you need to choose those species for which the "initial" frost resistance is good enough. Only two types of galezia are considered suitable for our conditions - Caroline and mountain. They can withstand frosts down to -28..- 29 degrees.

Galezia (halesia) carolina (halesia carolina) - tall shrubs that bloom irregularly and largely depend on the weather: in severe winters they can freeze over and not bloom, in normal winters they develop rapidly and turn into beautiful, powerful, attractive bushes. This galezia forms straight, thickened, bright brown and powerful trunks and pyramidal, wide crowns. Leaves are elliptical, up to 10 cm long and are arranged alternately on the shoots.

Galezia blooms only at the end of May, and in cold spring - at the beginning of June. By the time the flowering is completed, the plant is already blooming with still light green, bright young leaves. Snow-white bells with four petals reach 1.5 cm in length, hanging down on the thinnest pedicels among the leaves. There are Caroline galezia with a pale pink color of inflorescences. The flowering period never exceeds 15 days.

Despite the fact that galezia are considered exotic, they manage to form four-winged fruits even in regions with severe winters. By the end of August, large, very beautiful silvery fruits up to 3.5 cm long ripen on the branches, which seem to glow on the branches.

In addition to the basic plant, the Caroline Chalesia also has decorative varieties:

  • 'Mollis' with more lush and large foliage, not elongated-elliptical, but wide, with a beautiful edge on the underside;
  • variety "Rosea" with pink inflorescences similar to the watercolor vision;
  • the form of 'Meehanii' with brighter, rich green leaves, whose surface is not smooth, but wrinkled, and deeply dissected corollas of inflorescences, alternating with dipteran fruits;
  • 'Dialypetala' shape with an almost solid bell-shaped corolla of the flower.

Mountain halesia (halesia monticola, today re-qualified as halesia tetraptera, but we sell it under the old species name) is a rarer arboreal, growing up to 30 m in nature, but in culture it is limited to 3-4 m.The plant also blooms in spring, at the end of May, the color of the flowers is yellowish-cream, contrasting beautifully with the darker leaves. Hardy enough, but flower shoots suffer from frost more often than Carolina galezia, and the tree blooms much less stable. The leaves are obovate, with a pointed edge, the flowers are larger, also drooping, collected in bunches.

Khalesia, or Galezia carolina (halesia carolina)
Khalesia, or Galezia carolina (halesia carolina)

Features of the use of galezia in ornamental gardening

The lily of the valley is a plant that is used only in one status - a bright accent, a soloist, the pride of the collection. It is crowned with decorative groups, flower beds and compositions, used in such a way that the plant immediately catches the eye and is the "highlight" of the garden design. It goes well with rhododendron and hazel, other ornamental shrubs.

Galezia blooms very late. And species suitable for growing in the middle lane reach their winter hardiness only at a considerable age. Because of this, it is recommended to buy a lily of the valley tree either over the age of 3-4 years, or at the beginning to grow as a tub with wintering indoors.

Khalesia Karolinska (right) and Kizil (left) near the gazebo
Khalesia Karolinska (right) and Kizil (left) near the gazebo

Conditions Needed by Galesia

It is best to place lily of the valley trees in the undergrowth in the garden, in places protected from drafts and winds with a more stable climate, in which any frost is more easily tolerated. This plant will not give up the neighborhood of large trees, which will serve as natural protection for exotic plants and surroundings in the form of shrubs. But at the same time, it must be borne in mind that galezia (chalesia) must be provided with a bright, only slightly shaded place, or better, even a sunny location, because in insufficient lighting the plant practically does not bloom.

For a lily of the valley tree, you need to select fertile, high-quality, deeply worked soils. This plant is afraid of calcareous soils. Special attention should be paid to the texture of the soil: a lily of the valley tree will grow only in light, loose soil, with light moisture.

Planting a lily of the valley

Galezia in regions with severe winters can be planted only in spring, autumn planting is unacceptable for this culture. The optimal month is April. When planting a galezia, a lump of earth around the rhizome must be preserved completely, without destroying it.

The size of the planting holes is determined by the size of the earthen coma. When planting in heavy or medium-heavy, clay soils, a high drainage layer must be laid on the bottom of the planting pits - a layer of expanded clay or broken brick up to 15 cm in height, be sure to fill the drainage from above with coarse sand. The level of deepening of the root collar in galezia remains the same. Immediately after planting, the plants must be watered and mulched abundantly. Moreover, only peat can be used as mulch.

Khalesia, or Mountain Galezia. The people are called
Khalesia, or Mountain Galezia. The people are called

Galezia care

In order for the lily of the valley tree to become the main pride of your garden, it will have to be carefully looked after. This plant cannot be simply “planted and forgotten”: in fact, the decorativeness of the tree and its ability to survive in atypical harsh conditions directly depend on the quality of care.

One of the prerequisites for the normal development and maturation of a lily of the valley tree is watering. For this woody, it is necessary to provide for systemic, regular procedures that will maintain light soil moisture. In dry, hot weeks, watering can be done often and plentifully, with sufficient rainfall, they can be carried out less often than once a week. Watering is of particular importance in the fall and before winter: in order for galezia (chalesia) to overwinter successfully, you need to saturate the roots with moisture.

For galezia, two dressings are applied per season: immediately after pruning around the bushes, you need to update the mulching with peat. The second and main dressing is applied with a full mineral fertilizer before flowering, when the buds appear. For lily of the valley tree, nitrophoska is perfect at a dosage of 30-40 g per 1 square meter of soil.

A mandatory measure for lily of the valley is sanitary pruning. Galezia do not need to form, because every year they give very good growth of branches and independently, and the outlines of the lily of the valley tree are very neat. But removing dry, damaged, frozen shoots as early as possible in the spring will allow the shrub to recover faster and bloom more abundantly. You can repeat sanitizing as needed at any time of the year.

Despite the fact that galezia fruits look attractive and last until next spring, it is better to remove them from the plant immediately after setting. Seeds in regions with severe winters still do not ripen, but just for the sake of decoration, you should not upset the strength of the lily of the valley tree. Removing fruits from a plant allows you to more efficiently distribute resources, let the shoots ripen.

It is better to whitewash lily of the valley tree trunks up to 3 times a year.

When grown in containers, watering is carried out regularly, as the topsoil dries out, top dressing is applied from May to September 1 time in 2 weeks with universal fertilizers.

Lily of the valley, or Khalesia, or Caroline Galezia
Lily of the valley, or Khalesia, or Caroline Galezia

Wintering galezia

Preparation of a young lily of the valley tree for wintering should begin in the fall. Regular watering and loosening of the soil will allow you to better prepare for the cold season and saturate the roots with moisture. In anticipation of cold weather, sanitary cleaning is repeated on the plant, removing all dry shoots. It is also better to cut off unripe young branches immediately, because they will still not be able to overwinter. The preparation is completed by hilling the base of the bushes. But they begin to take immediate shelter only when severe frosts begin: galezia is very afraid of damping out and early shelter can be fatal for it.

The crown of the plant is wrapped for the winter with non-woven material or agrofiber, not too tight and tight, with holes for ventilation. As soon as the first snow falls, it needs to be trampled down on the lily of the valley, and throughout the winter it is better to continue tossing and trampling on the white blanket as far as possible.

Mature trees with a height of more than 1.5 m are not wrapped, limiting themselves to hilling and classical preparation.

When grown in a container culture, galezia is removed with the arrival of the first cold snap, transferring the containers to rooms with a temperature of 12 to 15 degrees.

Galezia pest and disease control

The lily of the valley tree is completely resistant to pests and diseases. On improperly selected soils, it sometimes suffers from chlorosis.

Seed capsule of Galezia, or Mountain Khalesia
Seed capsule of Galezia, or Mountain Khalesia

Reproduction of a lily of the valley

Difficulty with reproduction is considered one of the reasons that galezia remain rare plants. The lily of the valley tree is characterized by both low rooting rate of cuttings and poor seed germination. But trying to get a lily of the valley tree on your own is worth all the effort: adult seedlings are very expensive, and it is extremely difficult to find them.

Reproduction by cuttings is considered optimal for the conditions of the middle lane. Semi-lignified shoots in summer, after pickling for a day in IMA (indolylbutyric acid), give roots in 68% of cases. Rooting is carried out according to standard technology in a nutritious light substrate, under a film or hood. Some gardeners, after acid treatment, keep the cuttings just in water. In this case, planting rooted cuttings in the ground is carried out in September or early spring. When grafting at least 1 winter, the plants are grown in a container.

Seeds of galezia (halesia) in the middle lane do not fully ripen, so only purchased seeds can be used. Their germination rate is about 62%. Seeds are difficult to clean from fruit tissues, they do not open well. In the lily of the valley, the seeds are characterized by a very long dormant period, which can last 2-3 years. If you bought seeds that are already ready for planting and have passed the dormancy stage (check the manufacturer's recommendations), then the strategy for growing them involves a single stratification.

Germination of such seeds requires a simple three-month stratification at a temperature of 4-5 degrees Celsius. It is better to carry out cooling after sowing: the seeds are buried in a mixture of peat and sand in shallow containers, and then placed on stratification under a film or glass and maintain a constant light soil moisture. After 3 months of cooling, the crops are moved to bright light and warmth. The emergence of seedlings will take 1.5-2 months.

When buying ordinary freshly harvested seeds, they must be sown either in boxes or directly into open soil. When sowing, seeds germinate into the soil only after the second or third winter, and it is impossible to arrange artificial stratification for them. The boxes with seeds are left in the garden practically in complete rest, only in the warm season keeping the soil slightly moist. After being taken out into the garden, it remains only to wait until, as a result of 2-3 winters and the natural alternation of periods of heat and frost, the seeds will sprout. After that, young plants are transplanted into containers in the fall and removed to the room at least for the first winter.

The galezia obtained independently must either be grown as a house and tub plant until next spring and risk planted young in the soil, or within 2-4 years grown only as a tub and already adults, more hardy plants are transferred to a new place. You can grow a culture both as a purely container and as an indoor one.

Kadochnye galezia need a bright, sunny place, regular feeding during the period of active growth using universal fertilizers with a frequency of 1 every 2 weeks. Plants are taken out into the fresh air only for the summer, gradually increasing the period of stay outdoors for gradual adaptation. Watering for galezia should be moderate, maintain light moisture without drought or waterlogging.

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