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It is hard to believe that this fantastic beauty is a close relative of an ordinary dope. Outwardly - nothing in common. The flowers of brugmansia are large, completely unique in shape and with the same unusual aroma - it is not for nothing that they are called "angel pipes".
- Description of brugmansia
- Brugmansia care rules
- Diseases and pests
Description of brugmansia
Blooms densely - up to hundreds of flowers can be located on one plant. Its large (25-50 cm in length, up to 17 cm in diameter) flowers change color and… smell throughout the day. During the day, it seems that the plant has stuck: the flowers are half-closed, the smell is barely heard. But at night the "angelic trumpets" come to life! Flowers flaunt in all their splendor, the smell is strong, bright and completely different than during the day!
If you put brugmansia in the garden in a container, it will attract hawkers; these butterflies are excellent pollinators. Well, there will be no limit to the surprise of the guests.
This wonderful plant has only one drawback: all its parts contain a small amount of toxic and hallucinogenic substances. You will not chew brugmansia (although some of its flowers resemble cream roses on cakes so much that you want to eat them), but if you have small children, it is better to postpone your acquaintance with the queen of the night
Some experts recommend pruning brugmansia for the winter and leaving it in a dark room until spring. Practical experience proves that this is a mistake. It is quite possible to preserve the aerial part of the plant during the dormant period. You just need to keep the flower in a cool (not higher than + 10), but very bright room. A glazed loggia is ideal. The soil in the pot should be almost dry (almost, but not completely!), But the humidity - the higher the better.
Brugmansia care rules
In the Middle Lane, this thermophilic plant is unlikely to take root in your garden, but the house, perhaps, can be decorated with "angel pipes". Just keep in mind:
- This is a very large tub plant, which will have to allocate the best place in your apartment. After all, brugmansia loves space, a large amount of light, including direct sunlight.
- On hot summer days, brugmansia is not averse to "taking a walk" on a balcony or terrace, but prefers to spend the winter in a bright but cool room.
- Brugmansia is propagated by cuttings and seeds. However, in order for the seedlings to appear faster, the integrity of the seed coat must be broken before sowing.
- For optimal development, adult Brugmans need tubs with a volume of at least 10-15 liters.
- All brugmansia love bright light, direct sun is preferred. In the shade, the plant will grow foliage, but will not bloom.
- A short-term drop in temperature below +10 will not cause significant damage to the plant, but it is preferable to keep it at a temperature not lower than +15.
- The soil must be breathable - it is recommended to add fine expanded clay, sand or other loosening component.
- The plant can be formed into a bole, brugmansia even tolerate a fairly strong pruning, which is preferably carried out at the end of winter (late January - mid-March).
- Top dressing - weekly during the growth period (preferably with mineral fertilizers).
- Brugmansii are very hygrophilous, accumulating moisture in their slightly woody stems. During growth, it is necessary to water the plants abundantly, nevertheless avoiding stagnation of water in the pan, you can spray.
- In winter, watering is reduced, keeping the soil slightly moist. Water the plant at the first sign of a decrease in leaf elasticity.
- In the first year of life, young plants may need to be transplanted several times throughout the year as the roots are entangled with an earthen coma.
In the future, brugmans are transplanted annually in the spring, with the beginning of growth, or they are dispensed with by replacing part of the old land. To do this, remove the plant from the pot and gently loosen it with an earthen lump with a fork, trying to remove a little old soil without damaging the numerous fibrous roots.
After that, too long thick roots are cut, the cuts are sprinkled with crushed coal and the brugmansia is planted in the previous container, filling the resulting voids with fresh soil. For early survival, it is advisable to water the first watering with the addition of a root formation stimulant (Kornevin, Heteroauxin, etc.).
Diseases and pests
Whitefly, spider mite, gray rot
Keep plants clean without drastically changing conditions (stress shortens the life of not only people, but also flowers). Be sure to quarantine newly acquired copies, and not for two or three days, but for several weeks. If, after all, insects have infiltrated your collection, do not panic. Treat infected plants as soon as possible. “Topaz” helps against gray rot, “Actellik” helps against whitefly, “Fitoverm”, “Agravertin” helps against ticks.
The leaves turn yellow and fall off on young, succulent shoots
Lack of nitrogen nutrition. Apply nitrogen fertilizer to the soil.
Stripes, specks, dashes of different shade intensities or lightened areas appear on the leaves, the leaves are deformed or curled. The plant stops growing, there is a tendency to degeneration.
The plant is probably infected with a virus. It is necessary to destroy diseased plants so that they do not infect neighbors. Disinfect grafting tools. Fight against aphids and thrips, which are dangerous vectors of viral diseases.
Materials used: "I love flowers" №1 January 2009