Brovallia - All Shades Of Purple. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Photo

Table of contents:

Brovallia - All Shades Of Purple. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Photo
Brovallia - All Shades Of Purple. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Photo

Video: Brovallia - All Shades Of Purple. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Photo

Отличия серверных жестких дисков от десктопных
Video: soft purple | color effect | photoshop tutorial | soft color 2023, January
Anonim

All the luxury of the palette of blue and lilac colors in the garden can be demonstrated not only by favorites among the lobelia summer. Indeed, in the family of non-frost-resistant crops grown only as seasonal plants, there are many more exotic species. One of the undeservedly deprived of attention of the summer is the beautiful brovallia.

Brovallia beautiful (Browallia speciosa)
Brovallia beautiful (Browallia speciosa)

It is rapidly gaining popularity and although it is not represented in the markets along with petunias, it has already attracted many gardeners. Touching flowers, modest leaves, neat bushes, even if they are not too impressive in size, make an unforgettable impression. Brovallia is one of those pretty horticultural crops whose purity of color and shape only makes the plant itself even more charming.

Content:

  • Ceaseless blooming brovallias
  • Variety of brovallias
  • Lighting, comfortable brovallia
  • Choosing a soil for brovallia
  • Features of care for brovallia
  • Continuation of flowering brovallia at the end of the season
  • Brovallia breeding methods
  • Pests and diseases of brovallia
  • About brovallia on a note

Ceaseless blooming brovallias

Brovallia (browallia) today ranked among the "new" generation of letnikov. Of course, this plant began to be used in ornamental gardening for a long time, but here this shy woman was practically unknown a decade ago. Combining the career of a garden and indoor plant, brovallia rightfully claims to be the most spectacular and pretty summer. Her modesty captivates more than the most exotic inflorescences of competitors.

In height, the brovallia bushes will not exceed 30 cm. This is a low-growing summer plant, which is modest in height to form very neat, perfectly rounded bushes, which seem to have been created to show off in a pot culture. As a matter of fact, brovallia can be grown not only as a container plant: it will show off in open soil with the right selection of conditions. But pot culture is the safest option. And blooming in a closed ground near brovallia will be the most beautiful.

Brovallia leaves are of a classic oval-pointed shape, the color is always rich and herbaceous. Brovallia flowers appear to be a hybrid of violets and periwinkle. Funnel-shaped, with a five-petal limb, they bloom in the axils of the leaves one by one and glow brightly against the background of lush greenery. Pretty and graceful flowers seem to be butterflies perched on bushes. And the charm of the flowers is only added by small light specks in the center of the flower, similar to eyes.

Brovallia blooms tirelessly, but only from the middle of summer. Its parade begins in July, but it really lasts until severe frosts. This summer man was one of the last to leave the garden stage.

Brovallia hybrid 'Endless Flirtation'
Brovallia hybrid 'Endless Flirtation'

Variety of brovallias

This summer is not the most representative in terms of varieties and types. The genus brovallia combines only 7 plants, while only 2 brovallias are used in gardening. Upright and densely branched, they are generally similar to each other. But there are still species differences.

Beautiful Brovallia (Browallia speciosa) - entering into bloom from mid-summer and lasting until the very frost, Beautiful Brovallia is abundantly covered with small flowers up to 5 cm in diameter. Blue, lilac, blue, violet and dark purple, sometimes white, often with a white eye in the center or lighter colored outside than inside, cover the bush abundantly so that under them leaves are almost invisible, slightly pubescent with thin tips, forming spreading spheres up to 60 cm in diameter.

American Brovallia (Browallia Americana) produces small flowers, but in such quantity that they easily cover the greenery of the bush. Only about 2 cm in diameter, white or purple-blue flowers abundantly cover compact, dense bushes. Outwardly, this beauty is easy to confuse with sticky brovallia, but her shoots are not sticky, and the greens are somewhat darker.

Brovallia sticky (Browallia viscosa) is a strongly branched summer plant up to 30 cm high with an amazingly lush bush-sphere of greenery. The flowers rise above the leaves, dark blue or periwinkle blue, in some varieties - white, seem large for such a compact plant. This brovallia got its name for sticky shoots, but this property does not burden the care of the plant. The best varieties of viscose brovallia today are "Alba" with snow-white funnels of flowers with a yellow eye and sapphire-blue "Sapphire" only 20 cm high, but with a large number of flowers on the bush.

Large-flowered brovallia (Browallia grandiflora) is a species with the most sprawling, wide and powerful bushes, which in comfortable conditions can reach half a meter in height. White or blue flowers are not single, but are collected in loose clusters of inflorescences. This brovallia looks somewhat sloppy, but due to the more massive inflorescences it seems brighter than its competitors.

Brovallia beautiful (Browallia speciosa)
Brovallia beautiful (Browallia speciosa)

Brovallia in garden design is used as:

  • crops to create bright, richly colored borders;
  • decorating the foreground of flower beds;
  • beautiful spots and small landscape groups on the lawn and meadows of ground cover;
  • one of the best summer season for landscape design;
  • a bright spot and accent on flower beds and in flower beds;
  • an accent in flower beds for summer gardens;
  • a beautiful summertime for compositions in street vases, stone flower girls;
  • one of the brightest soloists for balconies and terraces;
  • unusual ampel and decoration of the edge of tall tubs, rootstock for trees and shrubs in containers (brovallia has flexible shoots, which, although not in a cascade, but very effectively hang from the edge of the containers).
Browallia Americana
Browallia Americana

Lighting, comfortable brovallia

Despite the status of a classic, abundantly flowering summer, brovallia does not quite like sunny, brightly lit places. True, only if grown in containers and pots. She needs to pick up bright locations with diffused lighting, protect from the direct sun, but avoid partial shade, and even more so shade. If the brovallia is planted in the ground, then it is better to choose sunny (but not southern) locations for it.

Choosing a soil for brovallia

This summer is quite picky about the ground. Brovallia can be planted in open soil only in infertile, but high-quality, drained soil. It will not survive in dense and too wet soils. Excessive nutritional value leads to the rapid development of greenery to the detriment of flowering, but medium-fertile brovallia garden soil is fine. But for a container culture, it is enough to choose a universal substrate or an earth mixture for flowering plants.

Brovallia feels very good in a soil consisting of equal parts of sand, turfy soil, humus and leafy soil.

Features of care for brovallia

The most time consuming component of caring for this summer is watering. Both in the room, and in the garden pot, culture, and in the open field, it is necessary to maintain a stable soil moisture. Watering for this plant should be systematic, regular. The procedures are adjusted according to the weather, but the main task is not to overmoisten the soil, to constantly maintain it in a slightly moist state. It is better to carry out deep soil impregnation rather than frequent surface watering. But never allow drought: after the soil has completely dried out, the plant withers and does not recover.

If brovallia is grown in pots, then it will not give up on regular spraying. It can be held twice a day in the summer. The flowers of the plant are not afraid of getting wet, and the foliage will only become more beautiful from an increase in air humidity.

Brovallias growing in the soil are not fed, and fertilizers are applied for potters every 2-3 weeks. It is better to use mixtures for flowering crops.

Pruning is an essential component of caring for this plant. In order for the bushes to be attractive and lush, the plant develops in the form of a neat sphere, you need to shorten or pinch the elongated shoots in a timely manner. But it is better to direct the main efforts in pruning not to shaping (after all, brovallia looks attractive by nature), but to removing dry leaves, fading flowers.

Brovallia in a mixed flower bed
Brovallia in a mixed flower bed

Continuation of flowering brovallia at the end of the season

If your brovallias continue to bloom despite the approaching cold weather, and you have the opportunity to clean the brovallias in living quarters for the winter, then this beauty does not have to be thrown away at the first cold snaps. Brovallia can really only be grown as an annual, but if you remove the containers in the room in time, then for a few more weeks, or even months, you can enjoy its flowering.

In a bright place with moderate temperatures (from 15 to 18 degrees Celsius), with regular watering, brovallia will successfully complete its parade, decorating the gloomy autumn and winter interior with bursts of amethyst flowers. After flowering, it will have to be thrown away and replaced with new plants.

Brovallia breeding methods

Seeds

Sowing seedlings can be carried out literally throughout the year, adjusting the flowering time and getting specimens blooming even in the middle of winter for indoor culture. For the garden, brovallia is best sown in March (for open soil) and from February to May for potting. The seeds must be soaked in warm water for 48 hours, after which they are rarely scattered over the surface of the sifted substrate, without covering with earth. Do not moisten the soil before sowing, but spray it after sowing the seeds.

Germination can take place only under glass or foil, which must be removed daily for ventilation. As the seedlings grow, be sure to pinch the tops, form bushes. De-picking can be done after releasing the fourth leaflet. But it is possible to transfer brovallia to soil or garden pots only after the last night frosts disappear, not earlier than mid-May.

Cuttings

Brovallia shoots root perfectly in any light soil under the hood, subject to constant moisture. You can cut the apical cuttings from May to the end of summer.

Brovallia 'Marine Bells'
Brovallia 'Marine Bells'

Pests and diseases of brovallia

  • powdery mildew;
  • spider mite;
  • aphid;
  • whitefly.

The fight should be started at the first sign of infection with insecticides. Brovallia bushes should be immediately isolated from other plants. If the plant is severely affected, it is best to discard it and replace it with a new one.

About brovallia on a note

Brovallia is also very good as a houseplant, however, also an annual one: after flowering, the plant will have to be thrown away. For it, you need to select only high-quality soil, lay drainage at the bottom of the tanks and keep it in bright rooms protected from direct sunlight with an air temperature of at least 20 degrees Celsius.

When wintering in cooler conditions (about 15 degrees Celsius), the plants will continue to bloom and delight far beyond the traditional season. Caring for brovallia in a room culture is not difficult: it will need watering, fertilizing from spring to autumn and frequent spraying, supplemented by pinching shoots that are too long.

Popular by topic